Midterm 2 Flashcards Preview

MUSIC 2240 > Midterm 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Midterm 2 Deck (49):
1

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L B L, B L, B L

2

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B L, B L, B L, (L)

3

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L, B B1 L, B B1 L

4

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L, L, L, L

5

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B B B, B B B, B B B, L

6

Ars Nova

New musical style in France

More rhythmic complexity (rhythmic division and notation)

More expressive

Polyphonic art song

Composers: De Vitry & Machaut

Double leading tone cadences

Hocketing

7

Imperfect vs perfect rhythmic divisions

Theory of Perfections - Franco de Cologne

8

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Perfect time, major prolation

3 beats, subdivision of 3

9

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Imperfect time, major prolation

2 beats, subdivision of 3

10

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Imperfect time, minor prolation

2 beats, subdivision of 2

11

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Perfect time, minor prolation

3 beats, subdivision of 2

12

Isorhythm

Repeating pitch pattern in tenor

13

ars subtilior

Period following ars nova

Extreme rhythmic complexity, esp. in upper voices

Tenor not as complex, more supporting

Weird shaped manuscripts

14

talea

order of durations or rhythms used in an isorhythm

15

color

pitch pattern used in an isorhythm

16

Roman de Fauvel

French composer of isorhythmic motets

17

Machaut

Poet-composer of Ars nova period

"master of the formes fixes"

18

Chanson

Any lyric-driven French song; usually polyphonic and secular

19

Formes fixes

3 French poetic forms

Ballade, rondeau, and virelai

20

Ballade

3 eight-line stanzas, each with consistent meter and rhyme

21

Rondeau

Fixed pattern of repetition of material involving a refrain

22

Virelai/Ballata

3 stanzas with a refrain stated at the beginning and after each stanza

23

Messe de nostre Dame

First polyphonic setting of Ordinary of Mass

Secular concepts showed up in sacred mass

24

Trecento

14th century Italian cultural history (art, lit, music)

Considered beginning of renaissance

25

Squarcialupi Codex

Most extensive collection of music from the Italian Trecento

Almost all secular music, mostly about courtly love

Ballatas most common

26

Marchetto da Padova

Italian music theorist, creddited for innovations in rhythmic notation during the Trecento

27

Pomerium

Treatise from Padova about rhythmic notations (imperfect and perfect divisions)

28

14th century madrigal

1 to 4 stanzas set to same melody; each line 7 or 11 syllables; followed by ritornello (2 lines in contrasting structure)

Form: a a (a a) :b:

Text painting

29

tempus

time

30

caccia

14th century Italian genre featuring two voices in canon over an untexted tenor.

Madrigalian - 1 stanza with ritornello

Outdoor themes (hunting/fishing)

Hocketing

31

Faburden

English improvised polyphony

3 voices, chant in upper voice, others P4 above and 3rd below (parallel triads)

Only cantus and tenor are written; fauxburden voice is improvsed a 4th below cantus

32

English countenance

Preference for imperfect consonances

33

Cantilena style

Treble (Top voice) dominated

34

Franco-flemish composers

Du Fay and Binchois, followed by Ockeghem and Busnoys

35

Cantus firmus

fixed melody on which polyphonic mass is based, usually in tenor and longer note durations than other voices. Used in cyclic masses.

36

Cyclic mass

Setting of the ordinary. Each movement shares a common musical theme, commonly a cantus firmus, making it a unified whole.

37

Head motive

An opening musical idea used to open each movement to unify the movements

38

Point of imitation

Series of imitative entrances

39

Medieval mode chart

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40

Parody/Imitation mass

Preexisting material from another piece appears in all voices

41

Plainsong

Borrowed melody as thematic material

42

Paraphrase

Use a plainchant melody in all four voices

43

Chorale

Strophic hymn in German, designed to be sung by congregation; no harmonization or accompaniment

44

4 sources of chorales

1) Catholic hymns (simply translated to German) (ex: Num komm)

2) Pre-reformation religious songs (in either Latin or German)

3) Contrafacta of secular songs (using same melodic structure but with different lyrics)

4) New compositions (ex: Ein feste berg)

45

Council of Trent

All tropes, and all but 5 sequences, were banned from liturgy.

46

Book of Common Prayer

Anglican book of prayers

47

Metric psalms

Psalms with text translated to the vernacular (local) language

48

anthem

Anglican church song written for choir (not congregation), more elaborate than psalms

49

Guy who wrote Anglican music but considered himself Catholic

William Byrd