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Flashcards in Midterm 2 Deck (58):
1

Lusitania

May 7th 1915
British cruise line that was sunk by Germany. Contained 128 Americans
Helped shift public opinion against Germany

2

Unrestricted submarine warfare

German Submarines sank ships without warning
Neglected "prize rules"

3

Zimmerman telegram

Pub. Feb. 28, 1917
Germany proposed an alliance with Mexico if US entered war
Swayed US public support for declaration of war

4

Russian revolution

Begins feb 23, 1917
Frees up German troops
Negated by the influx of American troops in April 1917

5

Wilson's declaration of war

April 2nd 1917
Wilson declares no territorial or empirical goals which appeased anti imperialists

6

Randolph Bourne

Anti war faction
Wrote "the war and the intellectuals" essay
Opposed John Dewey

7

John Dewey

Supporter of pragmatism who supported the US entry into ww1 as it could benefit democracy in the US and internationally

8

Espionage act 1917

Federal offense to obstruct draft, incite rebellion, make false reports about war

9

Sedition act of 1918

Forbid disloyal remarks about gov, flag, or Language that obstructed war effort

Eugene debs, socialist party leader, arrested for violating these provisions

10

Committee on public information

Independent agency created to influence public opinion to support us involvement in ww1
Utilized propaganda

11

Treaty of Versailles

June 28 1919
Negotiations among allied nations
Borders redrawn
Germany liable for reparations
Basically pissed Germany off and set up ww2

12

League of Nations

Created in treaty of Versailles
Purpose to maintain world peace

13

14 points

Articles of treaty of Versailles
1) end to secret treaties
2) freedom of seas
3) free trade/low tariffs
4) disarmament
5) fair settlement of colonial claims
6) recognization of national aspirations
7) League of Nations

14

Red scare

Widespread fear of potential rise of communism
Labor strikes, mail bombs, General intelligence Division (j Edgar Hoover)
Manifestation of Cultural conflict

15

Eugenics

Humans could have evolved from apes
Segregation and sterilization

16

Scopes trial

Monkey trials
William Jennings bryan prosecuted and Clarence Darrow defended.
Law he violated was repealed in 1967

17

Leopold and Loeb Case 1924

Leopold and loeb murdered 14 year old Bobby franks
Clarence Darrow defended them

18

Immigration acts of 1921 and 1924

Restricted immigration
3% of 1910 census can immigrate annually (1921)
2% of 1890 census (1924)

19

KKK

Expanded to attacking Catholics and Jews rather than just black people
Manifestation of cultural conflict

20

Democratic disarray

Divided on alcohol and KKK

21

18th amendment

1919
Prohibition
Manifestation of cultural conflict

22

19th amendment

1920
Women's suffrage

23

1924 election

Calvin Coolidge (R) v John L David (D) V Robert La Follette (P)
Coolidge wrecked everyone
Downfall of progressivism

24

Andrew Mellon

Secretary of Treasury
Reduces taxes for high incomes, corporate gains, inheritance
Maldistribution of wealth

25

Roaring 20s

Stereotype of era

26

Harley smoot tariff

Raised tariffs on over 20K imported goods
Retaliation by US trading partner worsened Great Depression

27

Bonus army

Ww1 Veterans seek redemption of cash payments for their service in summer of 1932
Ran out by army

28

First new deal

1933 to 1935 (1st 100 days)
Primary goal was relief and recovery

29

Second new deal

1935 to 1938 (2nd 100 days)
Primary emphasis was reform

30

Regional planning

Built dams and rural electrification administration

31

Civilian conservation corps

1933 to 1942
Helped to provide relief during depression

32

Work progress administration WPA

Employees millions
Built public buildings and roads

33

Harvest gypsies

Articles by Steinbeck
Detailed struggles of migrant farming workers during dust bowl

34

Huey long

"Share our wealth"
Denounced wealthy banks
Advocated relief for the poorer
Assassinated in 1935

35

Father coughlin

Priest
Used radio to reach mass audience - 30 mill followers
A bit of a fascist and anti Semite
Issued platform for monetary reform and protection of laborers

36

Dr. Townsend

Created plan for revolving old age pension

37

Upton Sinclair - end poverty in California (EPIC)

Socialist who used epic as basis for cal gov campaign
Massive public works program
Tax reform
Guaranteed pensions
Influenced new deal programs

38

Thunder on the left

Refers to critics of the first new deal's ease on business and lack of relief to the poorer citizens
Huey long, father coughlin, epic

FDR sought to steal their thunder and implement some ideas into 2nd new deal

39

Wealth tax act

1935
Part of second new deal
Took up to 75% of incomes over 5 mil

40

Social security act

1935
Created right to pension in old age
Part of second new deal

41

Banking act of 1935

Changed structure and power distribution of federal reserve
Created fdic

42

Election of 1936

Roosevelt v Landon (R)
Roosevelt dominated electoral and popular vote

43

Court packing plan

1 new justice for every justice over 70
Mix of pro new deal and anti new deal decisions
Part of new deal demise

44

1937-38 recession

Unemployment rose in 1938
Contribute to demise of new deal

45

FDR's purge

FDR intervened in primary's of 1938 to force opponents out of his party

46

Ludlow amendment

209 - No, 188 -yes
Referendum on any declaration of war by congress

47

Cash and carry

Net neutrality act 1936
Supply goods to allies if they pay cash and provide transport
Purpose to maintain neutrality

48

Lend lease

1941
Provide allied nations food, oil, warships
US was given leases on army bases in allied territory

49

Destroyers for bases deal

1940
US gave England destroyers in exchange for land rights to British possessions

50

A Phillip Randolph

Pushed legislation to ban discrimination and segregation in defense industries and the army

51

Detroit race riot

1943
Race issues due to population growth

52

Zoot suit riots

June 1943
European American servicemen against Mexican American youth in Los Angeles

53

Japanese relocation

110,000 Japanese Americans interned
62% were citizens

54

Second front issue

Russia was experiencing large losses in eastern front
Wanted allies to open second front in France to alleviate Russians
Led to D day

55

Stalingrad

Aug 23 1942 to feb 2 1943
2 million dead 800K for axis, 1.1 mil for Russia
Turning point in eastern front

56

D day invasion

June 6 1944
Pushed Germans out of France

57

Pacific theatre

Us led battles in pacific to cause Japan surrender

58

Hiroshima

Dropped a bomb
Ethics questioned
Was it a war crime