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Flashcards in MIDTERM #2 Deck (380):
1

TRUE OR FALSE - Which Theban commander would fight which invader was determined by draw

TRUE

2

Where does Cilix settle?

Cilicia (southeastern Turkey)

3

Athamas sent messengers to Delphi about the famine. Who intercepted these messengers and bribed them into saying the oracle said Phrixis needed to be sacrificed?

Ino

4

At the time of Oedipus' arrival, Thebes was being terrorized by the _________

Sphinx

5

Phineus was blinded and unable to eat because he had abused the gift of prophecy granted to him by Apollo. The _________ would snatch the food from his table

Harpies

6

What was the name of Freud's associate who continued the study of the unconscious aspect of human nature?

Carl Jung

7

Out of the twins, Amphion and Zethus, who was the artistic musician?

Amphion

8

What years are associated with Claude Levi-Strauss' lifetime?

1908-2009

9

What was the name of the cult associated with the underground oracle at the location where Amphiaraus was swallowed?

chthonic cult

10

Who was Europa's father?

Agenor

11

Polybus was the king of _________

Corinth

12

How were Laius and Cadmus related?

Cadmus was Laius' great grandfather

13

Phineus released a dove so as to say "if it can make it there, so can you". The dove lost a tail feather on the way. What happened to the Argo?

it lost its banner

14

Agenor had 3 sons. Name them.

  1. Cadmus
  2. Phoenix
  3. Cilix

15

Who did Zethus marry?

Thebe

16

Who is Telamon's son?

Ajax

17

The Argo first made its way to Lemnos, where there was no men. Why was there no men there?

their wives killed them all

18

"Mythical thought always works from the awareness of _____________ towards their progressive mediation." - Claude Levi-Strauss

oppositions

19

What do Heracles, Orpheus, Castor and Polydeuces all have in common?

Zeus is their father

20

What years are associated with Thebes being occupied by its enemy, Athens?

457-447 BC

21

Sigmund Freud saw _______ as important translation of reality into symbolism

dreams

22

TRUE OR FALSE - Angered by his father for condemning Antigone, Haemon kills Creon

FALSE - Haemon attacks Creon but ends up killing himself

23

What does peripateia mean?

turning around/downfall

24

The shepard didn't follow Laius' orders of exposing the child to die. What did the shepard do?

he gave the child to a friend who gave him to Polybus and Merope

25

Freud saw myths as the collective and recurrent dreams of the ______________

human race

26

Who said: "What justice of the gods have I violated?... Although I acted piously, I stand convicted of impiety."?

Antigone

27

How did Pelias kill Aeson?

bull's blood (poison)

28

Who gifted the cursed necklace to Cadmus and Harmonia?

Aphrodite

29

Who raised Oeidpus? Who were Oedipus' real parents?

Polybus and Merope

Laius and Jocasta

30

Who were Harmonia's parents?

Ares and Aphrodite

31

Jason had to complete impossible tasks (yoke bulls, get past a dragon, etc.). Who helped Jason? What was the deal between Jason and this person?

Medea helped Jason as he promised to marry her

32

"Meaning is not conveyed by content, but by the _____________________ behind the content." - Claude Levi-Strauss

structural relations

33

Who started a new dynasty in Thebes?

Labdacus

34

How long did Jason and his crew stay on the island of Lemnos? What did they do there?

1 year

they repopulated the island

35

How did Medea trick Pelias' daughters?

she promised renewed youth for their father if they would allow her to use magic, and she cut him into pieces

36

Who did Pasiphae employ to build her a hollow wooden cow (so she can have sex with the bull)?

Daedalus

37

How did the Iolcans feel about the death of Pelias?

they were mad, they drove Jason and Medea out of the city

38

What happened to the kingship of Thebes after Oedipus' self-imposed exile?

his sons, Eteocles and Polynices, agree to rule alternately each for a year

39

Who did Amphion marry?

Niobe

40

Carl Jung saw the consciousness of the individual as a sea of psychic activity, the ______________________

collective unconscious

41

Why is there a fountain at Thebes named after Dirce?

when she was killed by being tied to the wild bull, she sprang a fountain of blood

42

In order to found the new city, the Pythia told Cadmus to follow a _____ with special markings until it stopped to rest, and that is where the city should be built

cow

43

What does haruspicy mean?

the inspection of the entrails of a sacrificed animal

44

While growing up, other children teased _________ by saying he was adopted

Oedipus

45

What was the name of the Minoan palace?

Knossos

46

Who is associated with structuralism?

Claude Levi-Strauss

47

Who was the interim king of Thebes while Laius was on the road headed to Delphi?

Creon

48

Minos was so angry that his son was killed because of Aegeus' demands that he attacked Athens. Athens then attacked Crete. What did Zeus send to Crete?

famine and plague

49

Who was Ion's father?

Xuthus

50

Who provided us with the most complete literary version of the adventures of the Argonauts?

Apollonius of Rhodes

51

Who rules at Colchis?

Aeetes

52

Thebes' citadel was called the cadmeia and it was named after _________

Cadmus

53

Laius got drunk one night and slept with Jocasta. What did Laius do with the child when it was born?

he ordered a shepard to expose the child, with its feet pinned together, on the mountain-side to die

54

When was Homer's Odyssey written?

8th c. BC

55

What years are associated with Sigmund Freud's lifetime?

1856-1939

56

How many children did Ino have with Athamas?

2

57

Why did Hera want to destroy Pelias?

he refused to honour her

58

After Cadmus killed the dragon (Ares' son), he heard a voice say: "Why do you gaze upon the dead serpent? You too will be looked at as a serpent.". Who is our source for this?

Ovid

59

Who is imprisoned in Pelias' palace?

Aeson

60

What did Pelops do after Laius violated xenia and raped his son?

he laid a curse upon Laius

61

What does sparti mean?

sown men

62

Having successfully answered the Sphinx's riddle, Oedipus assumed kingship and married Jocasta. How many children did they have?

4

63

Name a few examples of how those in later generations ended up in bad situations due to the cursed necklace

  • Ino killed her own child
  • Semele was burnt to a crisp
  • Agave tore her son Pentheus to pieces
  • Autonoe's son Actaeon was devoured by his hounds

64

Who were Amphion and Zethus' parents?

Zeus and Antiope

65

How was Oedipus related to Cadmus?

Oedipus was Cadmus' great great grandson

66

Antiope was ashamed of her affair with Zeus. What did she do?

she ran away to Sicyon and married the king

67

Despite Creon's demand that nobody bury an invader's body, Antigone is determined to bury her brother _____________

Polynices

68

What was the Minotaur's prison called?

the labyrinth

69

Who is Pelias' father?

Poseidon

70

Who was Argus' father?

Phrixis

71

___________ cut a beam from Zeus' oracular oak at Dodona which could speak and put it into the ship's prow

Athena

72

How were Cadmus and Pentheus related?

Pentheus was Cadmus' grandson

73

How were Ino and Cadmus related?

Ino was Cadmus' daughter

74

Tydeus and ___________ each mortally wounded each other during the fight

Melanippus

75

What does Oedipus do when he learns the truth?

he pokes his eyes out with pins from Jocasta's robe

76

__________ was noted for horses and horse-breeders

Thessaly

77

What is our source for knowing about Oedipus' curse on his sons after almost being kidnapped from his sacred grove at Colonus?

Oedipus at Colonus

78

Who did Cadmus marry?

Harmonia

79

The labrys was an important symbol at Crete. What does labrys mean?

double-headed axe

80

Who claimed kingship when Asterius died?

Minos

81

__________: several things from the waking world are fused in a dream

condensation

82

Sigmund Freud says that the mind deals with its repulsive true thoughts __________

indirectly

83

Jocasta was a descendant of the ________

Sparti

84

Who did Jason hire to build him a boat (in order to fetch the Golden Fleece)?

Argus

85

What happened concerning Thebes and Athens in 424 BC?

the Athenians were repelled from Thebes

86

How are Aeson and Pelias related?

they're half-brothers

87

Did Jason and Medea have any children?

yes - they had 2 sons

88

After the cow led Cadmus to Thebes, he wanted to sacrifice the cow. Who did he want to sacrifice the cow to?

Athena

89

Who steps in and tells Creon and Polynices to leave Oedipus alone?

Theseus

90

TRUE OR FALSE - Jason belonged to the Aeolids

TRUE

91

After Theseus abandons Ariadne, she goes on to marry _____________

Dionysus

92

What was the name of Amphiaraus' son?

Alcmaeon

93

What did Polynices offer to Eriphyle?

the cursed necklace

94

What does oedipus mean?

swollen foot

95

Who brought the Minotaur from Crete to the plain of Marathon?

Heracles

96

What was the blood-oath that Adrastus' army made when they arrived at Thebes?

that they would level Thebes or die trying

97

What was the name of the seer that foretold that the Thebans would be victorious if Creon's son was sacrificed?

Tiresias

98

Adrastus wanted to attacked Thebes in order to restore Polynices to the throne. What did Amphiaraus foresee happening?

he foresaw that all the leaders except for Adrastus would die

99

How did Zeus save Amphiaraus from being speared in the back?

Zeus opened up the earth and Amphiaraus was swallowed by it

100

Where did the cow with special markings stop to rest?

Thebes

101

A dragon protected the grove sacred to Ares. The dragon was born from the blood of ____________

Typhoeus

102

Daedalus was a famous craftsman and an exile from Athens. Why was he exiled from Athens?

he killed his nephew for inventing the saw before he did

103

Why did Laius refuse to sleep with his wife, Jocasta?

he was warned by an oracle that he would be killed by his own son

104

What was the name of Cadmus' daughter-in-law who had an affair with Zeus?

Antiope

105

What years are associated with Carl Jung's lifetime?

1875-1961

106

What was the writing of the Minoans called?

Linear A

107

Who said: "It was Apollo that brought about my evil sufferings, but no one but myself, in my misery, struck my own eyes."?

Oedipus

108

Who told Cadmus to knock out the dead dragon's (Ares' son) teeth and plant them in the ground?

Athena

109

What were the warriors called that sprang from the ground where Cadmus had planted the dead dragon's teeth?

the Sparti

110

Iolcus was a city at the foot of Mt. __________

Pelion

111

TRUE OR FALSE - Carl Jung believed all symbols were sexual

FALSE - Freud believed all symbols were sexual

112

Where did Cadmus marry Harmonia?

on the cadmeia

113

Who convinces Creon to back down after learning that the gods are bad because of Creon's harsh punishment?

Tiresias

114

Hera decided that Jason would be the means by which she would introduce _________ to Greece

Medea

115

Tydeus was an exile from ___________

Calydon

116

Where did Oedipus go when he fled Corinth?

Thebes

117

What was the name of Minos' son that was killed by the Minotaur?

Androgeus

118

How does Creon deal with the bodies of the invadors?

he leaves them to rot on the Theban plain and he demands that nobody bury them (or they'll be put to death)

119

Who are Jason's grandparents?

Deucalion and Pyrrha

120

What did Polynices bring with him when he fled to Argos after being driven out of Thebes by Eteocles?

the cursed necklace

121

Was Knossos, the palace of the Minoans, fortified?

no

122

When Oedipus fled Corinth, he ran into a man at a crossroads, got into a confrontation, and killed the man and his companions. How many survivors were there?

1 companion survived

123

Thebes was originally called ________

Cadmeia

124

Who is associated with "true glory"?

Eteocles

125

In what year was Aeschylus' The Seven Against Thebes staged?

467 BC

126

Who did Athena ask to get an immortality potion to give to Tydeus after he was mortally wounded in his fight against Melanippus?

Zeus

127

Who are the 2 descendants of Aeolus that emerge a couple of generations later?

Aeson and Pelias

128

Where was Laius going when he was killed by Oedipus at the crossroads? Why was he going there?

Delphi

for advice about the Sphinx

129

Phrixis hung the fleece of the sacrificed ram from an oak in a grove sacred to _______

Ares

130

A _________ is the core fortified area of a city

citadel

131

Oedipus went to the oracle at Delphi to learn about his lineage because his parents (Polybus and Merope) wouldn't tell him anythin. What did the Pythia tell Oedipus?

"you're going to kill your father and marry your mother"

132

Which theory says that even the interpretation of a myth is part of the myth?

structuralism

133

After almost being kidnapped, Oedipus curses his sons. What does his curse say?

they will both die at each other's hand in the coming war

134

___________ is arrogant and jealous of his half-brother's chances at ruling

Pelias

135

Where was Achilles born?

Thessaly

136

What was the Sphinx's riddle?

"What goes on four legs in the morning, two at midday, and three in the evening?"

137

What time period is associated with the Mycenaean period?

1600-1200 BC

138

Europa and her 3 brothers are descendants of Zeus and Io. How many generations are there between them?

4

139

Adrastus' army in his battle against Thebes consisted of _____ heroes

7

140

In Sicily, Daedalus was at the court of king _________

Cocalus

141

Who left Thebes and raped the son of his host?

Laius

142

What happened after the Athenians occupied Thebes from 457-447 BC?

the Boeotians formed a defensive league

143

What did Pelias learn from an oracle?

that he would be undone by a man with 1 sandal

144

Who set out to build Thebes' fortifications?

Amphion and Zethus

145

What years are associated with Erich Neumann's lifetime?

1905-1960

146

Who agrees to rule Thebes alternately (each for a year)?

Eteocles and Polynices

147

Who was Carl Jung's follower?

Erich Neumann

148

Where did Antiope run away to because she was ashamed of her affair?

Sicyon

149

Why did Oedipus flee Corinth?

he believed he was going to kill his father, who he thought was Polybus, the king of Corinth

150

The events of Jason and his Argonauts occured how long before the Trojan War?

1 generation

151

After the Thebans destroyed Sparta's land forces, they became the premier power in Greece. What was the name of their elite troop?

the Sacred Band of Thebes

152

According to Jung, the collective unconscious is a sea with certain ____________ floating within it (timeless recurrent images on which our emotional world and myths are built)

archetypes

153

Pasiphae uses Daedalus' wooden cow and becomes impregnated by the bull. What is the name of the child conceived?

Minotaur

154

How were Amphion and Zethus related?

they were twins

155

Who set a trap to kill the Harpies?

Zetes and Calais

156

Who occupied Thebes from 457-447 BC?

the Athenians

157

Which theory says that we perceive the world in opposites and that we use stories to bridge the gaps?

structuralism

158

Pentheus' stroy is told in _________' Bacchae

Euripides

159

After Crete attacked Athens and Athens attacked Crete, the oracle suggests arriving to a comprimise. What is the agreement?

Athens must send 7 boys and 7 girls to Crete yearly as sacrifice to the Minotaur

160

What was the final line of Oedipus Tyrannos?

"Call no man happy until he reaches the end of his life without suffering"

161

What was the name of Adrastus' sister?

Eriphyle

162

Who destroyed Sparta's land forces?

the Thebans

163

What was the wedding gift given to Cadmus and Harmonia?

a cursed necklace

164

After the Thebans repelled the Athenians in 424 BC, they went on to destroy _________'s land forces

Sparta

165

After Minos dies, he becomes a _________ in the underworld

judge

166

After Haemon killed himself, who else killed themselves?

Creon's wife (Haemon's mother)

167

Jason assembled the best fighters around to join him on his mission. Name them

  • Heracles, Orpheus, Castor and Polydeuces (sons of Zeus)
  • Zetes and Calais (sons of the North Wind)
  • Telamon (Ajax's father)
  • Peleus (Achilles' father)
  • Idmon the seer
  • other notables

168

What was the name of the tragedy that told the story of Oedipus?

Oedipus Tyrannos

169

After muttering the curse upon his sons, Oedipus goes into the sacred grove and disappears. He becomes a protector of _________ from enemies

Athens

170

What were Daedalus' intructions given to Ariadne on how to escape the labyrinth prison?

use a ball of thread

171

Cadmus sent his companions to a nearby spring to fetch water for the sacrifice of the cow. What happened to these companions?

they were killed by a dragon

172

What was Thebes' citadel called?

cadmeia

173

Who does Minos marry?

Pasiphae

174

Who is associated with "filled with contention"?

Polynices

175

After travelling to Lemnos, the Argonauts came to the shore of Propontis. Who did they encounter there?

Phineus

176

Thessaly is the northernmost region that the ___________ occupied before colonization began in the Archaic Period

Hellenes

177

Hellen, Jason's father, gives his name to the entire Greek race, the ____________

Hellenes

178

Antigone was the subject of a famous play by ____________

Sophocles

179

Oedipus answered the Sphinx's riddle. What was the answer?

"man"

180

Who gave rise to the Ionians?

Ion

181

What did Creon, the interim king of Thebes, declare when he learned that Laius was killed by bandits on the road?

whoever could solve the riddle and save the city would be made king and would marry the queen

182

What was the name of Daedalus' son?

Icarus

183

Who was the key individual in uncovering the Minoan civilization on Crete through excavations?

Sir Arthur Evans

184

Pelias sent Jason to fetch the _______________

Golden Fleece

185

What does Jocasta do when she learns the truth?

kills herself

186

Who was responsible for razing Thebes to the ground in 335 BC?

Alexander the Great

187

What did Phineus warn the Argonauts about concerning the rest of their quest?

Symplegades "clashing rocks" at the entrance to the Black Sea

188

Who brought writing to Greece?

Cadmus

189

TRUE OR FALSE: The shepard that rescued Oedipus from death and the companion that survived at the crossroads conflict are the same person

TRUE

190

Alexander the Great razed Thebes to the ground in ______

335 BC

191

Where did the golden ram land?

the far eastern coast of the Black Sea and Colchis in the land of Aea (modern Georgia)

192

Who wanted to help Tydeus by giving him an immortality potion?

Athena

193

Who gave rise to the Dorians?

Dorus

194

Minos was furious with Daedalus for 1. making the wooden cow for Pasiphae and 2. helping Ariadne cheat the labyrinth. How does Minos punish Daedalus?

he imprisons him and his son, Icarus, inside the labyrinth

195

Where did Jason and Medea go after they were driven out of Iolcas?

Corinth

196

Who said: "When the gods give evil, you cannot escape their gift."?

Eteocles

197

How were Cadmus and Labdacus related?

Labdacus was Cadmus' grandson

198

How were Dirce and Antiope related?

Dirce was Antiope's aunt (Dirce married Antiope's uncle, Lycus)

199

This region of Greece is called Boeotia. What was the principal city of Boeotia?

Q image thumb

Thebes

200

Who gave rise to the Aeolians?

Aeolus

201

In what year was Euripides' Medea staged?

431 BC

202

Who tries to kidnap Oedipus from his sacred grove at Colonus after hearing the oracle about his bones?

Creon (representing Eteocles) and Polynices

203

Who said: "I am the law"?

Creon

204

Who was the Sphinx's father?

Typhoeus

205

Tydeus was Deianira's brother. Who was Deianira married to?

Heracles

206

What did Adrastus learn from an oracle?

that he must "yoke his daughters to a boar and a lion"

207

Phrixis sacrificed the golden ram to ________

Zeus

208

What did the Argonauts get in exchange from Phineus for Zetes and Calais setting a trap to kill the Harpies?

information on where to go to continue the quest

209

The 5 Sparti that survived were the mythical ancestors of the aristocratic families of ________

Thebes

210

Euripides told the story of Pentheus through his tragedy: _________

Bacchae

211

Antiope escaped the dungeon in which she was being held prisoner by Dirce. Who did she encounter by chance in the mountains?

her sons (Amphion and Zethus)

212

Who is Theseus' father?

Aegeus

213

The modern word _______ comes from the Greek word for "ball of thread"

clue

214

Amphiaraus fled the battle scene on his chariot and was nearly speared in the back. Who saved him? Why?

Zeus

Zeus loves seers

215

Antigone was said to have joined her family in the afterlife ___________, _____________ and ___________

accursed

unmarried

childless

216

What was Freud's take on Oedipus?

that he wanted sexual contact with his mother and resented his father for having sex with his mother

217

How were Ariadne and Minos related?

Ariadne was Minos' daughter

218

Ino was a nurse to ___________

Dionysus

219

What did Erich Neumann think that dragon-combat symbolized?

the breaking away of individual consciousness from the collective unconsciousness

220

What sprang from the ground where Cadmus planted the dead dragon's teeth?

warriors

221

What year is associated with the collapse of the Minoan civilization on Crete?

c. 1450 BC

222

Who ordered Lycus to make war against Sicyon and to retrieve Antiope?

Antiope's father

223

How did Amphion and Zethus take their revenge for their mother, Antiope?

they tied Dirce to a wild bull and they also killed Lycus

224

Cadmus and Harmonia left Thebes and were turned into _________

serpents

225

Aeetes tried to chase and kill the Argonauts. How did they delay him?

they chopped his son (Apsyrtus) into pieces

226

Why did Aeetes treat the adventurer badly when they came to Colchis?

it was the advice of an oracle

227

Who became the king of Thebes after Polynices and Eteocles died at each other's hands in battle?

Creon

228

As serpents, Cadmus and Harmonia lived forever in the ________________

Elysian Fields

229

Who was the brother who kept looking for his sister, Europa, after the other brothers gave up?

Cadmus

230

__________ was a city known for its fortifications (it had 7 gates)

Thebes

231

Thebes was an enemy of ________

Athens

232

How did Medea get her revenge on Jason for leaving her for another woman (Glauce)?

she kills Glauce and her own children

233

What did Jason do when he reached manhood?

he headed to Iolcus to claim the throne from Pelias

234

How did "Hellespont" get its name?

Helle fell off the golden ram and fell into the sea

235

Why does Theseus abandon Ariadne on Naxos?

he is disgusted with the treachery she committed against her own family

236

What does Creon's son do when he overhears that in order for the Thebans to win the war, he needs to sacrifice himself to Ares?

he kills himself

237

Athena cut a beam from Zeus' oracular oak at ___________ which could speak and put it into the ship's prow

Dodona

238

Out of the twins, Amphion and Zethus, who was the practical herdsman?

Zethus

239

How were Lycus and Antiope related?

Lycus was Antiope's uncle

240

Who climbed on to the ram? Where did the ram go?

Phrixis and Helle (his sister)

ram went east

241

Oedipus is considered a hero, but how is he different than the typical hero?

he doesn't have divine parentage (Laius and Jocasta - neither are divine)

242

Who gave us the story of Jason's later years?

Euripides

243

How does Adrastus respond to Polynices and Tydeus fighting in front of his palace?

he settles the quarrel, marries his daughters to the men and promises to return them to their original cities

244

What was the beam talking about when the Argo headed out?

its desire for adventure

245

What years are associated with the Bronze Age?

3000-1600 BC

246

Who was Cadmus' other grandson (not Pentheus)?

Labdacus

247

Thebes was named after _______

Thebe

248

What was Cadmus' punishment for killing the dragon?

had to serve Ares for 8 years

249

There was 7 Theban commanders, each of which defended one of Thebes' 7 _________ against the 7 invaders

gates

250

When was Apollonius of Rhodes' Argonautica written?

3rd c. BC

251

Name the 4 children that Oedipus had with Jocasta (his mother)

  1. Polynices
  2. Eteocles
  3. Antigone
  4. Ismene

252

Name Zeus and Europa's children

  1. Minos
  2. Sarpedon
  3. Rhadamanthys

253

After Oedipus assumed kingship and married Jocasta, a plague falls on the city due to miasma. What does Oedipus do?

he orders all to find the killer of Laius and lays a curse upon him

254

How did Jason die?

he was sitting by the rotting Argo when the beam broke off and hit him in the head

255

How many foundation stories did Thebes have?

2

256

Who wrote The Seven Against Thebes?

Aeschylus

257

How did Alcmaeon avenge his father 10 years after the battle?

he killed Eriphyle, escaped to a nearby kingdom and gave the cursed necklace to the queen

258

What did Agenor do when his daughter, Europa, went missing?

he ordered his sons to find her

259

In the end, the cursed necklace was dedicated at _________

Delphi

260

Antigone was condemned to death by Creon for burying Polynices. Antigone was Creon's future daughter-in-law. What was the name of Creon's son that Antigone was going to marry?

Haemon

261

Who was the founder and first king of Thebes?

Cadmus

262

Polynices gave Eriphyle the cursed necklace. What did he ask in return?

for her to resolve the dispute between Adrastus and Amphiaraus in favour of the war

263

Who did Polynices fight in front of Adrastus' palace in Argos?

Tydeus

264

Who was Achilles' father?

Peleus

265

What was Polybus' wife's name?

Merope

266

What was the name of Agenor's daughter who went missing?

Europa

267

Who took over as king of Thebes after Cadmus?

Pentheus

268

Who was Aeetes' father?

Helius

269

TRUE OR FALSE - Oedipus died a mysterious death

TRUE

270

Who told Oedipus that the oracle said that whatever city possessed his bones couldn't be captured?

Ismene

271

While building Thebes' fortifications, Zethus stuggled with the heavy stones. How did Amphion get the stones to arrange themselves into the walls?

he played the lyre

272

A messenger came to Thebes to tell Oedipus that his (adoptive) father, Polybus had died. Oedipus was glad to have (seemingly) avoided the prophecy. What else does this messenger tell Oedipus?

he brought Oedipus to Corinth after his real parents exposed him

273

Adrastus' army consisted of 4 heroes from Argos, Polynices from Thebes and Tydeus from Calydon. Where was the 7th hero from?

Arcadia

274

TRUE OR FALSE: After learning the truth, Oedipus kills himself

FALSE - he goes into exile

275

Cadmus had to serve Ares for ____ years after killing the dragon, Ares' son

8

276

What was the name of the seer that warned Adrastus about the danger of the war against Thebes?

Amphiaraus

277

Who was Medea's father?

Aeetes

278

Jason abandonned Medea to marry ___________

Glauce

279

What year is associated with Sophocles' Oedipus Tyrannos being staged at Athens?

430 BC

280

Cadmus consulted the oracle at Delphi to ask about his missing sister, Europa. What did the Pythia tell him to do?

she told him to give up, and to instead found a new city

281

Poseidon was mad that Minos didn't keep up his end of the deal. What did Poseidon do?

he made Pasiphae (Minos' wife) fall in love with the bull

282

Who was Jason's father?

Hellen

283

Who postulated that myth was a by-product of psychological forces?

Sigmund Freud

284

Apollonius of Rhodes' Argonautica is reflective of Greek tastes after ________________'s conquests in the east

Alexander the Great

285

Fearing for his life, Jason's parents spread rumors that he was still-born and sent him to the mountains to be raised by the wise _____________________

Centaur Chiron

286

When Europa climbs on the bull's back (Zeus in disguise), where does he take her?

Crete

287

Who fell in love with Theseus as he arrived on Crete?

Ariadne

288

Who was Labdacus' son who eventually became king?

Laius

289

Where does Phoenix settle?

Phoenicia (modern Lebanon)

290

Nephele was a nymph moulded out of ___________

clouds

291

Hera had _____________ and __________ strike Medea with mad love for Jason

Aphrodite

Eros

292

TRUE OR FALSE - Tiresias was a blind seer

TRUE

293

Who volunteered to go to Crete as sacrifice to the Minotaur?

Theseus

294

Whose son was raped by Laius?

Pelops

295

Why does Icarus die when trying to escape the labyrinth?

he didn't listen to Daedalus' adive not to fly too close to the sun (the wax melted, wings fell apart)

296

How is Ismene related to Oedipus?

Ismene is Oedipus' daughter

297

What was Minos' end of the deal that he had with Poseidon? Did he keep up his end?

Minos vowed to sacrifice the bull to Poseidon

no

298

In what year were the Athenians repelled from Thebes?

424 BC

299

What was the name of the seer that Jason brought with him on his mission?

Idmon the seer

300

How does Minos reveal where Daedalus is?

Minos throws a competition to see who can wind a thread through a spiral conch, knowing only Daedalus can do it. Daedalus does it with an ant and honey. Cocalus announces that it's done, which lets Minos know that Cocalus has Daedalus in Sicily.

301

Who was Dirce married to?

Lycus

302

Oedipus was worshipped at a shrine in the sacred grove of __________

Colonus

303

Thebes had 2 foundation stories. One was about the acropolis (the ________) and the other was about the lower city's _______

cadmeia

walls

304

Athamas divorced Nephele and married ______

Ino

305

Why was Alcmaeon eventually murdered?

He induced miasma on the kingdom he escaped to (he killed his own mother, Eriphyle). This caused a famine. He was murdered to end the miasma.

306

Writing was brought to Greece by Cadmus from __________

Phoenicia

307

How many men could the ship that Argus built for Jason hold?

50

308

Tiresias foretold that the Thebans would win the war against Argos if Creon's son was sacrificed to _________

Ares

309

Who called Oedipus the King the perfect tragedy?

Aristotle

310

What does jason mean?

healer

311

Zeus eventually grew tired of Europa and returned to Olympus. Who then married Europa and adopted her 3 children?

Asterius

312

Who made war on Sicyon and took Antiope back to Thebes?

Lycus

313

How did Ino cause a famine?

she had the local women parch the seed grain so that it wouldn't grow

314

What was the name of Aeolus' son?

Athamas

315

What were the names of the children that Athamas and Nephele had?

Phrixus and Helle

316

___________ was an important place in the Mycenaean period as suggested by its prominent place in Greek myth

Thebes

317

What is the name of the poem in which Apollonius of Rhodes informs us of the adventures of the Argonauts?

Argonautica

318

Who wrote the tragedy of Oedipus Tyrannos?

Sophocles

319

What did Dirce do to Antiope?

she locked her in a dungeon and tortured her

320

Boeotians had a bad reputation, they were said to be bad-mannered and ignorant. What was a common insult associated with this?

Boeotian pig

321

Who made the cursed necklace?

Hephaestus

322

Aeson had a child. What was this child's name?

Jason

323

Who orders Daedalus to construct a prison for the Minotaur?

Minos

324

What does anagnorisis mean?

recognition

325

Athamas had children by ___________

Nephele

326

Was Amphiaraus in favour of the war against Thebes?

no

327

__________ is the northernmost region that the Hellenes occupied before colonization began in the Archaic Period

Thessaly

328

Europa went missing, but what actually happened to her?

she was abducted by Zeus, who was disguised as a white bull

329

What does argus mean?

swift

330

Minos chased Daedalus to _________

Sicily

331

What years are associated with the development of the Minoan civilization on Crete?

3000-1600 BC

332

Why do we think the Minoan civilization collapsed in c. 1450 BC?

Mycenaean invaders

333

Where did Polynices flee to when his brother, Eteocles, drove him from Thebes?

Argos

334

Is Linear A Indo-European?

no

335

According to Freud, dreams are symptoms of psychological __________

tensions

336

Of the 7 heroes in Adrastus' army, how many were from Argos?

4

337

After Laius had a curse laid upon him by Pelops, he fled back to Thebes. He became king and married _________

Jocasta

338

Phrixis was given one of _________'s daughters to marry

Aeetes

339

___________ was a city at the foot of Mt. Pelion

Iolcus

340

What does boeotia mean?

cow-raising place

341

Who was the king of Argos at the time when Polynices fled there?

Adrastus

342

Why does Polynice believe that he has justice on his side in his fight against his brother, Eteocles?

his shield says "justice"

343

How did Jason lose one of his sandals on his way to Iolcus?

when he helped the old woman (Hera in disguise) cross the river, he lost a sandal

344

What were the descendants of Aeolus called?

the Aeolids

345

Who said the following: "Never again will these eyes ever watch me doing or suffering what I have done or suffered!"? What is the context?

Oedipus

after he learns the truth that he killed his father and married his mother

346

How does Minos die?

Minos demands that Daedalus be handed over to him, but first decides to take a bath. Cocalus' daughters pour boiling water over him, killing him.

347

Theseus successfully kills the Minotaur. Where do Theseus and Ariadne escape to afterwards?

Naxos

348

How was Antigone condemned to death by Creon?

she was to be buried alive in a cave

349

Minos said that _________ promised him the throne and a bull rising from the sea

Poseidon

350

Who is Zetes and Calais' father?

the North Wind

351

Why does the answer to the mysterious oracle reveal itself to Adrastus when he sees Polynices and Tydeus fighting in front of his palace?

there is a boar and a lion on their shields

352

How was the Sphinx terrorizing Thebes?

she would devour anyone who couldn't answer her riddle

353

The 3 principal groups of Greeks were descended from Hellen's sons. Name these 3 groups

  1. Aeolians
  2. Dorians
  3. Ionians

354

What was the deal that Ariadne had with Theseus?

she would show him how to defeat the Minotaur if he married her

355

Upon the Sparti springing from the ground, Cadmus started to pelt them with stones. This alarmed the warriors, so they started to fight each other. How many Sparti survived?

5

356

The Minoans worshipped one female deity. What do we call her?

the Great Goddess

357

The story of Theseus and the Minotaur is possibly a mythological representation of the hostilities between ________ and ________

Athens

Crete

358

What are the 2 important animals associated with Adrastus' oracle?

boar and lion

359

What was the ship that Argus built for Jason called?

the Argo

360

Why was Ino jealous of Phrixis?

she was concerned that he would inherit the throne instead of one of her own children

361

How were Labdacus and Laius related?

Laius was Labdacus' son

362

What was the name of Euripides' tragedy that told the story of Jason's later years?

Medea

363

What appeared when Athamas was preparing to sacrifice Phrixis?

a golden ram

364

Adrastus had arranged for his sister, Eriphyle, to marry Amphiaraus. What was the condition of this marriage?

Eriphyle would take her brother's side (Adrastus' side) in arguments between Adrastus and Amphiaraus

365

Creon goes to the cave to reduce Antigone's sentence after being convinced by Tiresias to do so. What does Creon see?

Antigone has hung herself and Haemon (his son) is clinging to her corpse

366

What did Antiope do with her twins, Amphion and Zethus?

she left them to be raised by a shepard in the mountains

367

What happened to Thebes in 335 BC?

it was razed to the ground by Alexander the Great

368

What does Daedalus construct for him and Icarus to escape the labyrinth?

wings

369

Oedipus recognizes the power of the gods and the inability of humans to resist the divine will, but he also sees his own ______________

responsibility

370

What did Amphiaraus do that made it so Tydeus didn't get the immortality potion from Athena and ended up dying?

Amphiaraus hated Tydeus. He cut off Melanippus' head and gave it to Tydeus, who cracked open his skull and started eating Melanippus' brains. Athena was disgusted by this and didn't give Tydeus the immortality potion she requested for him. Amphiaraus knew this would happen.

371

How many children do Zeus and Europa have?

3

372

Who is Pasiphae's father?

Helius

373

Who ordered Androgeus to fight the Minotaur? Why?

Aegeus (king of Athens at the time)

Androgeus travelled to Athens and was so successful in the athletic games that Aegeus was annoyed. He ordered him to fight the Minotaur, which was terrorizing the plain of Marathon at the time.

374

What source mentioned the voyage of the Argonauts?

Homer's Odyssey

375

_________ refused to give up his kingship of Thebes as his year came to an end and drove his brother _________ from the city

Eteocles

Polynices

376

What did the Sphinx do when she was defeated by Oedipus because he answered her riddle?

she threw herself from a cliff

377

On his way to Iolcus, Jason came across an old woman sitting by the banks of a river. Who was this woman?

Hera in disguise

378

The dargon that killed Cadmus' companions was the son of ______

Ares

379

What did Idmon the seer learn through haruspicy before going on the mission?

all would return safely except for himself

380

___________: when something in a dream stands for something quite different in the waking world

displacement