TRUE OR FALSE - Which Theban commander would fight which invader was determined by draw
Where does Cilix settle?
Cilicia (southeastern Turkey)
Athamas sent messengers to Delphi about the famine. Who intercepted these messengers and bribed them into saying the oracle said Phrixis needed to be sacrificed?
At the time of Oedipus' arrival, Thebes was being terrorized by the _________
Phineus was blinded and unable to eat because he had abused the gift of prophecy granted to him by Apollo. The _________ would snatch the food from his table
What was the name of Freud's associate who continued the study of the unconscious aspect of human nature?
Out of the twins, Amphion and Zethus, who was the artistic musician?
What years are associated with Claude Levi-Strauss' lifetime?
What was the name of the cult associated with the underground oracle at the location where Amphiaraus was swallowed?
Who was Europa's father?
Polybus was the king of _________
How were Laius and Cadmus related?
Cadmus was Laius' great grandfather
Phineus released a dove so as to say "if it can make it there, so can you". The dove lost a tail feather on the way. What happened to the Argo?
it lost its banner
Agenor had 3 sons. Name them.
Who did Zethus marry?
Who is Telamon's son?
The Argo first made its way to Lemnos, where there was no men. Why was there no men there?
their wives killed them all
"Mythical thought always works from the awareness of _____________ towards their progressive mediation." - Claude Levi-Strauss
What do Heracles, Orpheus, Castor and Polydeuces all have in common?
Zeus is their father
What years are associated with Thebes being occupied by its enemy, Athens?
Sigmund Freud saw _______ as important translation of reality into symbolism
TRUE OR FALSE - Angered by his father for condemning Antigone, Haemon kills Creon
FALSE - Haemon attacks Creon but ends up killing himself
What does peripateia mean?
The shepard didn't follow Laius' orders of exposing the child to die. What did the shepard do?
he gave the child to a friend who gave him to Polybus and Merope
Freud saw myths as the collective and recurrent dreams of the ______________
Who said: "What justice of the gods have I violated?... Although I acted piously, I stand convicted of impiety."?
How did Pelias kill Aeson?
bull's blood (poison)
Who gifted the cursed necklace to Cadmus and Harmonia?
Who raised Oeidpus? Who were Oedipus' real parents?
Polybus and Merope
Laius and Jocasta
Who were Harmonia's parents?
Ares and Aphrodite
Jason had to complete impossible tasks (yoke bulls, get past a dragon, etc.). Who helped Jason? What was the deal between Jason and this person?
Medea helped Jason as he promised to marry her
"Meaning is not conveyed by content, but by the _____________________ behind the content." - Claude Levi-Strauss
Who started a new dynasty in Thebes?
How long did Jason and his crew stay on the island of Lemnos? What did they do there?
they repopulated the island
How did Medea trick Pelias' daughters?
she promised renewed youth for their father if they would allow her to use magic, and she cut him into pieces
Who did Pasiphae employ to build her a hollow wooden cow (so she can have sex with the bull)?
How did the Iolcans feel about the death of Pelias?
they were mad, they drove Jason and Medea out of the city
What happened to the kingship of Thebes after Oedipus' self-imposed exile?
his sons, Eteocles and Polynices, agree to rule alternately each for a year
Who did Amphion marry?
Carl Jung saw the consciousness of the individual as a sea of psychic activity, the ______________________
Why is there a fountain at Thebes named after Dirce?
when she was killed by being tied to the wild bull, she sprang a fountain of blood
In order to found the new city, the Pythia told Cadmus to follow a _____ with special markings until it stopped to rest, and that is where the city should be built
What does haruspicy mean?
the inspection of the entrails of a sacrificed animal
While growing up, other children teased _________ by saying he was adopted
What was the name of the Minoan palace?
Who is associated with structuralism?
Who was the interim king of Thebes while Laius was on the road headed to Delphi?
Minos was so angry that his son was killed because of Aegeus' demands that he attacked Athens. Athens then attacked Crete. What did Zeus send to Crete?
famine and plague
Who was Ion's father?
Who provided us with the most complete literary version of the adventures of the Argonauts?
Apollonius of Rhodes
Who rules at Colchis?
Thebes' citadel was called the cadmeia and it was named after _________
Laius got drunk one night and slept with Jocasta. What did Laius do with the child when it was born?
he ordered a shepard to expose the child, with its feet pinned together, on the mountain-side to die
When was Homer's Odyssey written?
8th c. BC
What years are associated with Sigmund Freud's lifetime?
How many children did Ino have with Athamas?
Why did Hera want to destroy Pelias?
he refused to honour her
After Cadmus killed the dragon (Ares' son), he heard a voice say: "Why do you gaze upon the dead serpent? You too will be looked at as a serpent.". Who is our source for this?
Who is imprisoned in Pelias' palace?
What did Pelops do after Laius violated xenia and raped his son?
he laid a curse upon Laius
What does sparti mean?
Having successfully answered the Sphinx's riddle, Oedipus assumed kingship and married Jocasta. How many children did they have?
Name a few examples of how those in later generations ended up in bad situations due to the cursed necklace
- Ino killed her own child
- Semele was burnt to a crisp
- Agave tore her son Pentheus to pieces
- Autonoe's son Actaeon was devoured by his hounds
Who were Amphion and Zethus' parents?
Zeus and Antiope
How was Oedipus related to Cadmus?
Oedipus was Cadmus' great great grandson
Antiope was ashamed of her affair with Zeus. What did she do?
she ran away to Sicyon and married the king
Despite Creon's demand that nobody bury an invader's body, Antigone is determined to bury her brother _____________
What was the Minotaur's prison called?
Who is Pelias' father?
Who was Argus' father?
___________ cut a beam from Zeus' oracular oak at Dodona which could speak and put it into the ship's prow
How were Cadmus and Pentheus related?
Pentheus was Cadmus' grandson
How were Ino and Cadmus related?
Ino was Cadmus' daughter
Tydeus and ___________ each mortally wounded each other during the fight
What does Oedipus do when he learns the truth?
he pokes his eyes out with pins from Jocasta's robe
__________ was noted for horses and horse-breeders
What is our source for knowing about Oedipus' curse on his sons after almost being kidnapped from his sacred grove at Colonus?
Oedipus at Colonus
Who did Cadmus marry?
The labrys was an important symbol at Crete. What does labrys mean?
Who claimed kingship when Asterius died?
__________: several things from the waking world are fused in a dream
Sigmund Freud says that the mind deals with its repulsive true thoughts __________
Jocasta was a descendant of the ________
Who did Jason hire to build him a boat (in order to fetch the Golden Fleece)?
What happened concerning Thebes and Athens in 424 BC?
the Athenians were repelled from Thebes
How are Aeson and Pelias related?
Did Jason and Medea have any children?
yes - they had 2 sons
After the cow led Cadmus to Thebes, he wanted to sacrifice the cow. Who did he want to sacrifice the cow to?
Who steps in and tells Creon and Polynices to leave Oedipus alone?
TRUE OR FALSE - Jason belonged to the Aeolids
After Theseus abandons Ariadne, she goes on to marry _____________
What was the name of Amphiaraus' son?
What did Polynices offer to Eriphyle?
the cursed necklace
What does oedipus mean?
Who brought the Minotaur from Crete to the plain of Marathon?
What was the blood-oath that Adrastus' army made when they arrived at Thebes?
that they would level Thebes or die trying
What was the name of the seer that foretold that the Thebans would be victorious if Creon's son was sacrificed?
Adrastus wanted to attacked Thebes in order to restore Polynices to the throne. What did Amphiaraus foresee happening?
he foresaw that all the leaders except for Adrastus would die
How did Zeus save Amphiaraus from being speared in the back?
Zeus opened up the earth and Amphiaraus was swallowed by it
Where did the cow with special markings stop to rest?
A dragon protected the grove sacred to Ares. The dragon was born from the blood of ____________
Daedalus was a famous craftsman and an exile from Athens. Why was he exiled from Athens?
he killed his nephew for inventing the saw before he did
Why did Laius refuse to sleep with his wife, Jocasta?
he was warned by an oracle that he would be killed by his own son
What was the name of Cadmus' daughter-in-law who had an affair with Zeus?
What years are associated with Carl Jung's lifetime?
What was the writing of the Minoans called?
Who said: "It was Apollo that brought about my evil sufferings, but no one but myself, in my misery, struck my own eyes."?
Who told Cadmus to knock out the dead dragon's (Ares' son) teeth and plant them in the ground?
What were the warriors called that sprang from the ground where Cadmus had planted the dead dragon's teeth?
Iolcus was a city at the foot of Mt. __________
TRUE OR FALSE - Carl Jung believed all symbols were sexual
FALSE - Freud believed all symbols were sexual
Where did Cadmus marry Harmonia?
on the cadmeia
Who convinces Creon to back down after learning that the gods are bad because of Creon's harsh punishment?
Hera decided that Jason would be the means by which she would introduce _________ to Greece
Tydeus was an exile from ___________
Where did Oedipus go when he fled Corinth?
What was the name of Minos' son that was killed by the Minotaur?
How does Creon deal with the bodies of the invadors?
he leaves them to rot on the Theban plain and he demands that nobody bury them (or they'll be put to death)
Who are Jason's grandparents?
Deucalion and Pyrrha
What did Polynices bring with him when he fled to Argos after being driven out of Thebes by Eteocles?
the cursed necklace
Was Knossos, the palace of the Minoans, fortified?
When Oedipus fled Corinth, he ran into a man at a crossroads, got into a confrontation, and killed the man and his companions. How many survivors were there?
1 companion survived
Thebes was originally called ________
Who is associated with "true glory"?
In what year was Aeschylus' The Seven Against Thebes staged?
Who did Athena ask to get an immortality potion to give to Tydeus after he was mortally wounded in his fight against Melanippus?
Who are the 2 descendants of Aeolus that emerge a couple of generations later?
Aeson and Pelias
Where was Laius going when he was killed by Oedipus at the crossroads? Why was he going there?
for advice about the Sphinx
Phrixis hung the fleece of the sacrificed ram from an oak in a grove sacred to _______
A _________ is the core fortified area of a city
Oedipus went to the oracle at Delphi to learn about his lineage because his parents (Polybus and Merope) wouldn't tell him anythin. What did the Pythia tell Oedipus?
"you're going to kill your father and marry your mother"
Which theory says that even the interpretation of a myth is part of the myth?
After almost being kidnapped, Oedipus curses his sons. What does his curse say?
they will both die at each other's hand in the coming war
___________ is arrogant and jealous of his half-brother's chances at ruling
Where was Achilles born?
What was the Sphinx's riddle?
"What goes on four legs in the morning, two at midday, and three in the evening?"
What time period is associated with the Mycenaean period?
Europa and her 3 brothers are descendants of Zeus and Io. How many generations are there between them?
Adrastus' army in his battle against Thebes consisted of _____ heroes
In Sicily, Daedalus was at the court of king _________
Who left Thebes and raped the son of his host?
What happened after the Athenians occupied Thebes from 457-447 BC?
the Boeotians formed a defensive league
What did Pelias learn from an oracle?
that he would be undone by a man with 1 sandal
Who set out to build Thebes' fortifications?
Amphion and Zethus
What years are associated with Erich Neumann's lifetime?
Who agrees to rule Thebes alternately (each for a year)?
Eteocles and Polynices
Who was Carl Jung's follower?
Where did Antiope run away to because she was ashamed of her affair?
Why did Oedipus flee Corinth?
he believed he was going to kill his father, who he thought was Polybus, the king of Corinth
The events of Jason and his Argonauts occured how long before the Trojan War?
After the Thebans destroyed Sparta's land forces, they became the premier power in Greece. What was the name of their elite troop?
the Sacred Band of Thebes
According to Jung, the collective unconscious is a sea with certain ____________ floating within it (timeless recurrent images on which our emotional world and myths are built)
Pasiphae uses Daedalus' wooden cow and becomes impregnated by the bull. What is the name of the child conceived?
How were Amphion and Zethus related?
they were twins
Who set a trap to kill the Harpies?
Zetes and Calais
Who occupied Thebes from 457-447 BC?
Which theory says that we perceive the world in opposites and that we use stories to bridge the gaps?
Pentheus' stroy is told in _________' Bacchae
After Crete attacked Athens and Athens attacked Crete, the oracle suggests arriving to a comprimise. What is the agreement?
Athens must send 7 boys and 7 girls to Crete yearly as sacrifice to the Minotaur
What was the final line of Oedipus Tyrannos?
"Call no man happy until he reaches the end of his life without suffering"
What was the name of Adrastus' sister?
Who destroyed Sparta's land forces?
What was the wedding gift given to Cadmus and Harmonia?
a cursed necklace
After the Thebans repelled the Athenians in 424 BC, they went on to destroy _________'s land forces
After Minos dies, he becomes a _________ in the underworld
After Haemon killed himself, who else killed themselves?
Creon's wife (Haemon's mother)
Jason assembled the best fighters around to join him on his mission. Name them
- Heracles, Orpheus, Castor and Polydeuces (sons of Zeus)
- Zetes and Calais (sons of the North Wind)
- Telamon (Ajax's father)
- Peleus (Achilles' father)
- Idmon the seer
- other notables
What was the name of the tragedy that told the story of Oedipus?
After muttering the curse upon his sons, Oedipus goes into the sacred grove and disappears. He becomes a protector of _________ from enemies
What were Daedalus' intructions given to Ariadne on how to escape the labyrinth prison?
use a ball of thread
Cadmus sent his companions to a nearby spring to fetch water for the sacrifice of the cow. What happened to these companions?
they were killed by a dragon
What was Thebes' citadel called?
Who does Minos marry?
Who is associated with "filled with contention"?
After travelling to Lemnos, the Argonauts came to the shore of Propontis. Who did they encounter there?
Thessaly is the northernmost region that the ___________ occupied before colonization began in the Archaic Period
Hellen, Jason's father, gives his name to the entire Greek race, the ____________
Antigone was the subject of a famous play by ____________
Oedipus answered the Sphinx's riddle. What was the answer?
Who gave rise to the Ionians?
What did Creon, the interim king of Thebes, declare when he learned that Laius was killed by bandits on the road?
whoever could solve the riddle and save the city would be made king and would marry the queen
What was the name of Daedalus' son?
Who was the key individual in uncovering the Minoan civilization on Crete through excavations?
Sir Arthur Evans
Pelias sent Jason to fetch the _______________
What does Jocasta do when she learns the truth?
Who was responsible for razing Thebes to the ground in 335 BC?
Alexander the Great
What did Phineus warn the Argonauts about concerning the rest of their quest?
Symplegades "clashing rocks" at the entrance to the Black Sea
Who brought writing to Greece?
TRUE OR FALSE: The shepard that rescued Oedipus from death and the companion that survived at the crossroads conflict are the same person
Alexander the Great razed Thebes to the ground in ______
Where did the golden ram land?
the far eastern coast of the Black Sea and Colchis in the land of Aea (modern Georgia)
Who wanted to help Tydeus by giving him an immortality potion?
Who gave rise to the Dorians?
Minos was furious with Daedalus for 1. making the wooden cow for Pasiphae and 2. helping Ariadne cheat the labyrinth. How does Minos punish Daedalus?
he imprisons him and his son, Icarus, inside the labyrinth
Where did Jason and Medea go after they were driven out of Iolcas?
Who said: "When the gods give evil, you cannot escape their gift."?
How were Cadmus and Labdacus related?
Labdacus was Cadmus' grandson
How were Dirce and Antiope related?
Dirce was Antiope's aunt (Dirce married Antiope's uncle, Lycus)
This region of Greece is called Boeotia. What was the principal city of Boeotia?
Who gave rise to the Aeolians?
In what year was Euripides' Medea staged?
Who tries to kidnap Oedipus from his sacred grove at Colonus after hearing the oracle about his bones?
Creon (representing Eteocles) and Polynices
Who said: "I am the law"?
Who was the Sphinx's father?
Tydeus was Deianira's brother. Who was Deianira married to?
What did Adrastus learn from an oracle?
that he must "yoke his daughters to a boar and a lion"
Phrixis sacrificed the golden ram to ________
What did the Argonauts get in exchange from Phineus for Zetes and Calais setting a trap to kill the Harpies?
information on where to go to continue the quest
The 5 Sparti that survived were the mythical ancestors of the aristocratic families of ________
Euripides told the story of Pentheus through his tragedy: _________
Antiope escaped the dungeon in which she was being held prisoner by Dirce. Who did she encounter by chance in the mountains?
her sons (Amphion and Zethus)
Who is Theseus' father?
The modern word _______ comes from the Greek word for "ball of thread"
Amphiaraus fled the battle scene on his chariot and was nearly speared in the back. Who saved him? Why?
Zeus loves seers
Antigone was said to have joined her family in the afterlife ___________, _____________ and ___________
What was Freud's take on Oedipus?
that he wanted sexual contact with his mother and resented his father for having sex with his mother
How were Ariadne and Minos related?
Ariadne was Minos' daughter
Ino was a nurse to ___________
What did Erich Neumann think that dragon-combat symbolized?
the breaking away of individual consciousness from the collective unconsciousness
What sprang from the ground where Cadmus planted the dead dragon's teeth?
What year is associated with the collapse of the Minoan civilization on Crete?
c. 1450 BC
Who ordered Lycus to make war against Sicyon and to retrieve Antiope?
How did Amphion and Zethus take their revenge for their mother, Antiope?
they tied Dirce to a wild bull and they also killed Lycus
Cadmus and Harmonia left Thebes and were turned into _________
Aeetes tried to chase and kill the Argonauts. How did they delay him?
they chopped his son (Apsyrtus) into pieces
Why did Aeetes treat the adventurer badly when they came to Colchis?
it was the advice of an oracle
Who became the king of Thebes after Polynices and Eteocles died at each other's hands in battle?
As serpents, Cadmus and Harmonia lived forever in the ________________
Who was the brother who kept looking for his sister, Europa, after the other brothers gave up?
__________ was a city known for its fortifications (it had 7 gates)
Thebes was an enemy of ________
How did Medea get her revenge on Jason for leaving her for another woman (Glauce)?
she kills Glauce and her own children
What did Jason do when he reached manhood?
he headed to Iolcus to claim the throne from Pelias
How did "Hellespont" get its name?
Helle fell off the golden ram and fell into the sea
Why does Theseus abandon Ariadne on Naxos?
he is disgusted with the treachery she committed against her own family
What does Creon's son do when he overhears that in order for the Thebans to win the war, he needs to sacrifice himself to Ares?
he kills himself
Athena cut a beam from Zeus' oracular oak at ___________ which could speak and put it into the ship's prow
Out of the twins, Amphion and Zethus, who was the practical herdsman?
How were Lycus and Antiope related?
Lycus was Antiope's uncle
Who climbed on to the ram? Where did the ram go?
Phrixis and Helle (his sister)
ram went east
Oedipus is considered a hero, but how is he different than the typical hero?
he doesn't have divine parentage (Laius and Jocasta - neither are divine)
Who gave us the story of Jason's later years?
How does Adrastus respond to Polynices and Tydeus fighting in front of his palace?
he settles the quarrel, marries his daughters to the men and promises to return them to their original cities
What was the beam talking about when the Argo headed out?
its desire for adventure
What years are associated with the Bronze Age?
Who was Cadmus' other grandson (not Pentheus)?
Thebes was named after _______
What was Cadmus' punishment for killing the dragon?
had to serve Ares for 8 years
There was 7 Theban commanders, each of which defended one of Thebes' 7 _________ against the 7 invaders
When was Apollonius of Rhodes' Argonautica written?
3rd c. BC
Name the 4 children that Oedipus had with Jocasta (his mother)
Name Zeus and Europa's children
After Oedipus assumed kingship and married Jocasta, a plague falls on the city due to miasma. What does Oedipus do?
he orders all to find the killer of Laius and lays a curse upon him
How did Jason die?
he was sitting by the rotting Argo when the beam broke off and hit him in the head
How many foundation stories did Thebes have?
Who wrote The Seven Against Thebes?
How did Alcmaeon avenge his father 10 years after the battle?
he killed Eriphyle, escaped to a nearby kingdom and gave the cursed necklace to the queen
What did Agenor do when his daughter, Europa, went missing?
he ordered his sons to find her
In the end, the cursed necklace was dedicated at _________
Antigone was condemned to death by Creon for burying Polynices. Antigone was Creon's future daughter-in-law. What was the name of Creon's son that Antigone was going to marry?
Who was the founder and first king of Thebes?
Polynices gave Eriphyle the cursed necklace. What did he ask in return?
for her to resolve the dispute between Adrastus and Amphiaraus in favour of the war
Who did Polynices fight in front of Adrastus' palace in Argos?
Who was Achilles' father?
What was Polybus' wife's name?
What was the name of Agenor's daughter who went missing?
Who took over as king of Thebes after Cadmus?
Who was Aeetes' father?
TRUE OR FALSE - Oedipus died a mysterious death
Who told Oedipus that the oracle said that whatever city possessed his bones couldn't be captured?
While building Thebes' fortifications, Zethus stuggled with the heavy stones. How did Amphion get the stones to arrange themselves into the walls?
he played the lyre
A messenger came to Thebes to tell Oedipus that his (adoptive) father, Polybus had died. Oedipus was glad to have (seemingly) avoided the prophecy. What else does this messenger tell Oedipus?
he brought Oedipus to Corinth after his real parents exposed him
Adrastus' army consisted of 4 heroes from Argos, Polynices from Thebes and Tydeus from Calydon. Where was the 7th hero from?
TRUE OR FALSE: After learning the truth, Oedipus kills himself
FALSE - he goes into exile
Cadmus had to serve Ares for ____ years after killing the dragon, Ares' son
What was the name of the seer that warned Adrastus about the danger of the war against Thebes?
Who was Medea's father?
Jason abandonned Medea to marry ___________
What year is associated with Sophocles' Oedipus Tyrannos being staged at Athens?
Cadmus consulted the oracle at Delphi to ask about his missing sister, Europa. What did the Pythia tell him to do?
she told him to give up, and to instead found a new city
Poseidon was mad that Minos didn't keep up his end of the deal. What did Poseidon do?
he made Pasiphae (Minos' wife) fall in love with the bull
Who was Jason's father?
Who postulated that myth was a by-product of psychological forces?
Apollonius of Rhodes' Argonautica is reflective of Greek tastes after ________________'s conquests in the east
Alexander the Great
Fearing for his life, Jason's parents spread rumors that he was still-born and sent him to the mountains to be raised by the wise _____________________
When Europa climbs on the bull's back (Zeus in disguise), where does he take her?
Who fell in love with Theseus as he arrived on Crete?
Who was Labdacus' son who eventually became king?
Where does Phoenix settle?
Phoenicia (modern Lebanon)
Nephele was a nymph moulded out of ___________
Hera had _____________ and __________ strike Medea with mad love for Jason
TRUE OR FALSE - Tiresias was a blind seer
Who volunteered to go to Crete as sacrifice to the Minotaur?
Whose son was raped by Laius?
Why does Icarus die when trying to escape the labyrinth?
he didn't listen to Daedalus' adive not to fly too close to the sun (the wax melted, wings fell apart)
How is Ismene related to Oedipus?
Ismene is Oedipus' daughter
What was Minos' end of the deal that he had with Poseidon? Did he keep up his end?
Minos vowed to sacrifice the bull to Poseidon
In what year were the Athenians repelled from Thebes?
What was the name of the seer that Jason brought with him on his mission?
Idmon the seer
How does Minos reveal where Daedalus is?
Minos throws a competition to see who can wind a thread through a spiral conch, knowing only Daedalus can do it. Daedalus does it with an ant and honey. Cocalus announces that it's done, which lets Minos know that Cocalus has Daedalus in Sicily.
Who was Dirce married to?
Oedipus was worshipped at a shrine in the sacred grove of __________
Thebes had 2 foundation stories. One was about the acropolis (the ________) and the other was about the lower city's _______
Athamas divorced Nephele and married ______
Why was Alcmaeon eventually murdered?
He induced miasma on the kingdom he escaped to (he killed his own mother, Eriphyle). This caused a famine. He was murdered to end the miasma.
Writing was brought to Greece by Cadmus from __________
How many men could the ship that Argus built for Jason hold?
Tiresias foretold that the Thebans would win the war against Argos if Creon's son was sacrificed to _________
Who called Oedipus the King the perfect tragedy?
What does jason mean?
Zeus eventually grew tired of Europa and returned to Olympus. Who then married Europa and adopted her 3 children?
Who made war on Sicyon and took Antiope back to Thebes?
How did Ino cause a famine?
she had the local women parch the seed grain so that it wouldn't grow
What was the name of Aeolus' son?
What were the names of the children that Athamas and Nephele had?
Phrixus and Helle
___________ was an important place in the Mycenaean period as suggested by its prominent place in Greek myth
What is the name of the poem in which Apollonius of Rhodes informs us of the adventures of the Argonauts?
Who wrote the tragedy of Oedipus Tyrannos?
What did Dirce do to Antiope?
she locked her in a dungeon and tortured her
Boeotians had a bad reputation, they were said to be bad-mannered and ignorant. What was a common insult associated with this?
Who made the cursed necklace?
Aeson had a child. What was this child's name?
Who orders Daedalus to construct a prison for the Minotaur?
What does anagnorisis mean?
Athamas had children by ___________
Was Amphiaraus in favour of the war against Thebes?
__________ is the northernmost region that the Hellenes occupied before colonization began in the Archaic Period
Europa went missing, but what actually happened to her?
she was abducted by Zeus, who was disguised as a white bull
What does argus mean?
Minos chased Daedalus to _________
What years are associated with the development of the Minoan civilization on Crete?
Why do we think the Minoan civilization collapsed in c. 1450 BC?
Where did Polynices flee to when his brother, Eteocles, drove him from Thebes?
Is Linear A Indo-European?
According to Freud, dreams are symptoms of psychological __________
Of the 7 heroes in Adrastus' army, how many were from Argos?
After Laius had a curse laid upon him by Pelops, he fled back to Thebes. He became king and married _________
Phrixis was given one of _________'s daughters to marry
___________ was a city at the foot of Mt. Pelion
What does boeotia mean?
Who was the king of Argos at the time when Polynices fled there?
Why does Polynice believe that he has justice on his side in his fight against his brother, Eteocles?
his shield says "justice"
How did Jason lose one of his sandals on his way to Iolcus?
when he helped the old woman (Hera in disguise) cross the river, he lost a sandal
What were the descendants of Aeolus called?
Who said the following: "Never again will these eyes ever watch me doing or suffering what I have done or suffered!"? What is the context?
after he learns the truth that he killed his father and married his mother
How does Minos die?
Minos demands that Daedalus be handed over to him, but first decides to take a bath. Cocalus' daughters pour boiling water over him, killing him.
Theseus successfully kills the Minotaur. Where do Theseus and Ariadne escape to afterwards?
How was Antigone condemned to death by Creon?
she was to be buried alive in a cave
Minos said that _________ promised him the throne and a bull rising from the sea
Who is Zetes and Calais' father?
the North Wind
Why does the answer to the mysterious oracle reveal itself to Adrastus when he sees Polynices and Tydeus fighting in front of his palace?
there is a boar and a lion on their shields
How was the Sphinx terrorizing Thebes?
she would devour anyone who couldn't answer her riddle
The 3 principal groups of Greeks were descended from Hellen's sons. Name these 3 groups
What was the deal that Ariadne had with Theseus?
she would show him how to defeat the Minotaur if he married her
Upon the Sparti springing from the ground, Cadmus started to pelt them with stones. This alarmed the warriors, so they started to fight each other. How many Sparti survived?
The Minoans worshipped one female deity. What do we call her?
the Great Goddess
The story of Theseus and the Minotaur is possibly a mythological representation of the hostilities between ________ and ________
What are the 2 important animals associated with Adrastus' oracle?
boar and lion
What was the ship that Argus built for Jason called?
Why was Ino jealous of Phrixis?
she was concerned that he would inherit the throne instead of one of her own children
How were Labdacus and Laius related?
Laius was Labdacus' son
What was the name of Euripides' tragedy that told the story of Jason's later years?
What appeared when Athamas was preparing to sacrifice Phrixis?
a golden ram
Adrastus had arranged for his sister, Eriphyle, to marry Amphiaraus. What was the condition of this marriage?
Eriphyle would take her brother's side (Adrastus' side) in arguments between Adrastus and Amphiaraus
Creon goes to the cave to reduce Antigone's sentence after being convinced by Tiresias to do so. What does Creon see?
Antigone has hung herself and Haemon (his son) is clinging to her corpse
What did Antiope do with her twins, Amphion and Zethus?
she left them to be raised by a shepard in the mountains
What happened to Thebes in 335 BC?
it was razed to the ground by Alexander the Great
What does Daedalus construct for him and Icarus to escape the labyrinth?
Oedipus recognizes the power of the gods and the inability of humans to resist the divine will, but he also sees his own ______________
What did Amphiaraus do that made it so Tydeus didn't get the immortality potion from Athena and ended up dying?
Amphiaraus hated Tydeus. He cut off Melanippus' head and gave it to Tydeus, who cracked open his skull and started eating Melanippus' brains. Athena was disgusted by this and didn't give Tydeus the immortality potion she requested for him. Amphiaraus knew this would happen.
How many children do Zeus and Europa have?
Who is Pasiphae's father?
Who ordered Androgeus to fight the Minotaur? Why?
Aegeus (king of Athens at the time)
Androgeus travelled to Athens and was so successful in the athletic games that Aegeus was annoyed. He ordered him to fight the Minotaur, which was terrorizing the plain of Marathon at the time.
What source mentioned the voyage of the Argonauts?
_________ refused to give up his kingship of Thebes as his year came to an end and drove his brother _________ from the city
What did the Sphinx do when she was defeated by Oedipus because he answered her riddle?
she threw herself from a cliff
On his way to Iolcus, Jason came across an old woman sitting by the banks of a river. Who was this woman?
Hera in disguise
The dargon that killed Cadmus' companions was the son of ______
What did Idmon the seer learn through haruspicy before going on the mission?
all would return safely except for himself
___________: when something in a dream stands for something quite different in the waking world