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Flashcards in Midterm 2 Notes Deck (24):
1

Kinship systems

Systems for determining relatives and relationships.
1. Bilateral descent
2. Unilineal descent
-two types: matrilineal and patrilineal

2

Consanguines (kin)

People that are related by blood (based on descent/lineage)

3

Affines (kin)

Relatives that are connected to you by marriage

4

Fictive kin

A type of kinship based on care/nurturance or other attributes

5

Rules of descent: bilateral

A pattern of descent that involves both parents' relatives as our relatives

6

Rules of descent: unilineal

A pattern of descent that involves tracking descent of one lineage. (Focusing on one line of descent)

7

Patrilineal Descent Group

-descent is traced through the male/father's lineage
-all of the children of the male ancestor will be part of the patrilineal lineage
-in 3rd generation, if there exists a female her children are not part of the patrilineage. (Part of the husbands)

8

Matrilineal descent group

-tracing descent through a female ancestor

9

Matriarchy

A pattern that assumes social power is vested in women; a rule by women; the rule of women over men

10

"Matrilineal Puzzle"

The tensions in the relationship between a woman's husband (not part of her lineage) and her brother (part of her lineage)

11

Incest Taboo Theories

1. Avoid inbreeding
2. Familiarity breeds avoidance
3. Preventing family disruption
4. Forming wider alliances

12

Parallel cousins

The child of the parents' same sex sibling

13

Cross cousins

The child of the parents' opposite gendered sibling.
-considered ideal marriage in some societies
-not part of the lineage

14

Functions of marriage

1. Perpetuates kinship group
2. Division of labour by sex
3. Socialization of children
4. Regulates inheritance rights
5. Minimizes sexual competition

15

Symbolic marriage

Marriage that is symbolic

16

Non-sexual marriage

Fulfills economic and child-rearing functions that is not of a sexual nature

17

Fictive marriage

Marriage that exists legally without a family/ household being established

18

Sexual dimorphism

Physical differences between man and woman

19

Sexual asymmetry

Power/inequality difference between the sexes

20

Biological determinism

The idea that one's outward characteristics determines one's character

21

Social darwinism

A form of evolutionism that claims that "savages" were not only technologically or materially inferior, but mentally and biologically inferior as well

22

Franz Boas and the Critique of Race

"...every culture should be understood in its terms (own history) rather than being evaluated in its universal standards like its civilization"

23

Self-ascription

An insider's efforts to define their own identity

24

Others ascription

An outsiders' effort to define the identities of other groups