Midterm 3 Study Guide Flashcards Preview

MUSIC 2240 > Midterm 3 Study Guide > Flashcards

Flashcards in Midterm 3 Study Guide Deck (58):
1

First person to print polyphonic music

Petrucci

2

First book of polyphonic music to be printed using movable type, & year

Odhecaton, 1501

3

16th century madrigal

1 to 4 stanzas of 3 lines each, each set to same music, each line 7 or 11 syllables

4

Arrangements of vocal music for keyboard or lute

Intabulation

5

Dance pair

Pavane & Galliard

6

Stately dance in duple time, part of dance pair

Pavane

7

Fast dance in triple time, part of dance pair

Galliard

8

"Humors" could be set in motion by sensory stimuli

Doctrine of Affections

9

16th century counterpoint rules for vocal polyphony. Counterpoint dominated the text.

Prima pratica

10

Practice where music was driven by text. Could break counterpoint rules to better express text.

Seconda pratica

11

Criticized Monteverdi for breaking counterpoint rules

Artusi

12

Written bass melody, performers fill in chords w/ figuration

Basso continuo

13

Voices/instruments share a melody, usually in alteration, over continuo

Concertato

14

Recurring patterns of weak/strong beats, divided into recurring units

Meter

15

Differences between 12-mode system to tonality

Major/minor keys, standard cadential patterns, bass motion by 4th/5th, suspensions creating forward motion

16

Group seeking manner in which Greek tragedy was performed

Florentine Camerata

17

Theatrical performance with music and dance performed in between acts of a play

Intermedio

18

Drama with semi-continuous music that is staged (scenery, costumes, action)

Opera

19

Solo with accompaniment

Monody

20

Expressive melody, usually for one voice

Aria

21

Speech-like singing following natural flow of text with simple, steady accompaniment. Cares more about text than the flow of music.

Recitative

22

Secular vocal music composition

Madrigal

23

Contains arias and madrigals. Contained a preface describing performance practice.

La nuove musiche

24

Form of courtly entertainment involving dancing, singing, music, and acting, with an elaborate stage design and costumes. Started development in Italy through intermedio. Precursor to English opera.

Masque

25

Male singers singing female parts, since women were not allowed to sing

Castrato

26

Melody of each stroph sung over a constant bass (basically, each "verse" of text is sung to the same music")

Strophic aria

27

Bass line is repeated underneath variations

Basso ostinato (Ground bass)

28

First theatre with opera for public performance

Venice, 1630

29

Second place with opera for public performance

Hamburg, Germany

30

Wrote the first German opera

Schütz

31

Describe Schütz's life

Son of an inkeeper; studied law before studying composition with Gabrieli; church organist in Kassel; Chapel master for elector's court in Dresden; Composed sacred and secular music

32

Characteristic of French baroque recitative

Shifting meter

33

Old-style sacred music, associated with age, tradition, reverence (Palestrina counterpoint)

Stile antico

34

Modern-style sacred music (monody, continuo, etc.)

Stile moderno

35

A type of solo piece in between recitative and aria. It retains the speech-like qualities of recitative, but is more melodic like the aria.

Arioso

36

Solo voice with basso continuo. Secular. "To be sung".

Cantata

37

Like unstaged mini-opera. Opens w/ orchestral Sinfonia. Fast-slow-fast. Da capo form.

Extended cantata

38

Sacred, dramatic music of Catholic church. On sacred subject. Not part of liturgy. In Italian or Latin. Two parts, framing a sermon, w/ recitatives and arias.

Oratorio (performed in oratories)

39

Settings of religious texts that incorporate basso continuo, concertato, monody, and opera forms

Sacred concerto

40

Instrumental introduction to an opera

Overture

41

Describe the form of a French overture

In two repeated sections

42

Aria in A-B-A form

Da capo aria

43

Repeated theme

Ritornello

44

Ballet scene for minor characters which is central to the plot

Divertissement

45

French librettist

Jean-Phillippe Quinault

46

Fast runs between long notes

Tirade

47

Parts of the dance suite

[Prelude], Allemande, Courante, Sarabande, [Optional], Gigue

48

Variations over mixed harmonics

Chaconne

49

Variations over fixed bass line

Passacaglia

50

Sets the key for mass; succession of brief sections, played for religious services on harpsichord or organ

Tocatta

51

Sectional, often mixing contrapuntal, homophonic style. Sections marked by textural and meter changes. Main root of sonata

Canzona

52

Instrumental work with movements and variations. 10 distinct sections divided by changes in key, tempo, texture, and meter.

Sonata

53

4+ movements, movements have dance names, often binary form, generally same tonic, solo instrument + continuo

Sonata da camera

54

4 movements, named by tempo designations

Sonata de chiesa

55

Two treble instruments, usually violins, over basso continuo

Trio sonata

56

Variations on a chorale melody

Chorale variation

57

Type of large composition based on a chorale melody

Chorale fantasia

58

Short liturgical composition for organ using a chorale tune as basis

Chorale prelude