Flashcards in Midterm 3 Study Guide Deck (58):
First person to print polyphonic music
First book of polyphonic music to be printed using movable type, & year
16th century madrigal
1 to 4 stanzas of 3 lines each, each set to same music, each line 7 or 11 syllables
Arrangements of vocal music for keyboard or lute
Pavane & Galliard
Stately dance in duple time, part of dance pair
Fast dance in triple time, part of dance pair
"Humors" could be set in motion by sensory stimuli
Doctrine of Affections
16th century counterpoint rules for vocal polyphony. Counterpoint dominated the text.
Practice where music was driven by text. Could break counterpoint rules to better express text.
Criticized Monteverdi for breaking counterpoint rules
Written bass melody, performers fill in chords w/ figuration
Voices/instruments share a melody, usually in alteration, over continuo
Recurring patterns of weak/strong beats, divided into recurring units
Differences between 12-mode system to tonality
Major/minor keys, standard cadential patterns, bass motion by 4th/5th, suspensions creating forward motion
Group seeking manner in which Greek tragedy was performed
Theatrical performance with music and dance performed in between acts of a play
Drama with semi-continuous music that is staged (scenery, costumes, action)
Solo with accompaniment
Expressive melody, usually for one voice
Speech-like singing following natural flow of text with simple, steady accompaniment. Cares more about text than the flow of music.
Secular vocal music composition
Contains arias and madrigals. Contained a preface describing performance practice.
La nuove musiche
Form of courtly entertainment involving dancing, singing, music, and acting, with an elaborate stage design and costumes. Started development in Italy through intermedio. Precursor to English opera.
Male singers singing female parts, since women were not allowed to sing
Melody of each stroph sung over a constant bass (basically, each "verse" of text is sung to the same music")
Bass line is repeated underneath variations
Basso ostinato (Ground bass)
First theatre with opera for public performance
Second place with opera for public performance
Wrote the first German opera
Describe Schütz's life
Son of an inkeeper; studied law before studying composition with Gabrieli; church organist in Kassel; Chapel master for elector's court in Dresden; Composed sacred and secular music
Characteristic of French baroque recitative
Old-style sacred music, associated with age, tradition, reverence (Palestrina counterpoint)
Modern-style sacred music (monody, continuo, etc.)
A type of solo piece in between recitative and aria. It retains the speech-like qualities of recitative, but is more melodic like the aria.
Solo voice with basso continuo. Secular. "To be sung".
Like unstaged mini-opera. Opens w/ orchestral Sinfonia. Fast-slow-fast. Da capo form.
Sacred, dramatic music of Catholic church. On sacred subject. Not part of liturgy. In Italian or Latin. Two parts, framing a sermon, w/ recitatives and arias.
Oratorio (performed in oratories)
Settings of religious texts that incorporate basso continuo, concertato, monody, and opera forms
Instrumental introduction to an opera
Describe the form of a French overture
In two repeated sections
Aria in A-B-A form
Da capo aria
Ballet scene for minor characters which is central to the plot
Fast runs between long notes
Parts of the dance suite
[Prelude], Allemande, Courante, Sarabande, [Optional], Gigue
Variations over mixed harmonics
Variations over fixed bass line
Sets the key for mass; succession of brief sections, played for religious services on harpsichord or organ
Sectional, often mixing contrapuntal, homophonic style. Sections marked by textural and meter changes. Main root of sonata
Instrumental work with movements and variations. 10 distinct sections divided by changes in key, tempo, texture, and meter.
4+ movements, movements have dance names, often binary form, generally same tonic, solo instrument + continuo
Sonata da camera
4 movements, named by tempo designations
Sonata de chiesa
Two treble instruments, usually violins, over basso continuo
Variations on a chorale melody
Type of large composition based on a chorale melody