Flashcards in Midterm Deck (32):
Final prophet/messenger sent by God
-Birthplace of Muhammad
-City that contains Islam's holiest sanctuary
-The Sanctuary is comprised of the Kaaba (built by Abraham and Ishmael)
-Muslims migrated here and fled from Maccah
-Islam's second holiest place
-Where Muhammad died & was buried
Byzantine & Sassanid
two dominant empires prior to Islam
Religions in the Middle East when Islam started:
Paganism, Animism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity
Where and what?
From China to Europe and Africa through the Arabian desert
-silk, spices, incense, etc.
When did Islam start?
How old was Muhammad when Islam started?
when he received his first revelation from God
750 - 632 C.E.
When did they start their dating system?
-follows the lunar year
-started when they migrated from Maccah to Madina (year 0 = year 622 C.E.)
Beginning = H (Hijra = migration)
2017 = 1438 AH
-Muslims' Holy book
-Final divine revealed scripture that came to humanity
-MOST IMPORTANT SOURCE for religious and legal ruling
The Qur'an was revealed to Muhammad over how many years?
The Hadith or Sunna
Instructions and behavior of Muhammad
-second most important and authoritative source for Muslims
Girl infanticide, tribal warfare, economic exploitation
Why was the new message of Islam a threat to pre-Islamic Arabia?
Challenged existing tribal and traditional values. Threatened the status quo.
Women's rights, economic justice, human rights, unity among tribes
Which major city fell under the Ottomans that was traditionally Christian for more than 1000 years?
(later called Islambul then Istanbul)
Are most muslims Arab?
Are most Arabs muslims?
Most populated Islamic countries:
Indonesia followed by Pakistan and India
Fastest growing religion in the West:
6 Pillars of Faith (what Muslims believe in)
All prophets and messengers sent by God
Day of Judgment
5 Pillars of Islam (what Muslims are required to do)
1. Shahada or Declaration of Faith
2. Salat or connections with God through 5 daily prayers
3. Siyam or Abstinence for one month in Ramadan (9th month of lunar year)
4. Zakat or purification (give to charity)
5. Hajj or pilgrimage
Pork & alcohol
99% of foods and acts people do
Requirements for marriage:
1. Consent of bride & groom
2. Presence of witness
3. Guardian gives away his daughter/sister/granddaughter
4. Dowry (right of the bride)
Highest leader in Islamic state:
The seat of Abbasid Dynasty:
Islam's Golden Age:
750 - 1258
struggle for the sake of God