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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (32):
1

Allah

God
99 attributes

2

Muhammad

Final prophet/messenger sent by God

3

Maccah

-Birthplace of Muhammad
-City that contains Islam's holiest sanctuary
-The Sanctuary is comprised of the Kaaba (built by Abraham and Ishmael)

4

Madinah

-Muslims migrated here and fled from Maccah
-Islam's second holiest place
-Where Muhammad died & was buried

5

Byzantine & Sassanid

two dominant empires prior to Islam

6

Religions in the Middle East when Islam started:

Paganism, Animism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity

7

Trade routes:
Where and what?

From China to Europe and Africa through the Arabian desert
-silk, spices, incense, etc.

8

When did Islam start?

7th century
(610 C.E.)

9

How old was Muhammad when Islam started?

40
when he received his first revelation from God

10

Muhammad's life:

750 - 632 C.E.

11

Islamic calendar
When did they start their dating system?

-follows the lunar year

-started when they migrated from Maccah to Madina (year 0 = year 622 C.E.)

12

Dating system:

Beginning = H (Hijra = migration)
2017 = 1438 AH

13

The Qur'an

-Muslims' Holy book
-Final divine revealed scripture that came to humanity
-MOST IMPORTANT SOURCE for religious and legal ruling

14

The Qur'an was revealed to Muhammad over how many years?

23

15

The Hadith or Sunna

Instructions and behavior of Muhammad
-second most important and authoritative source for Muslims

16

Pre-Islamic Arabia

Girl infanticide, tribal warfare, economic exploitation

17

Why was the new message of Islam a threat to pre-Islamic Arabia?

Challenged existing tribal and traditional values. Threatened the status quo.

Women's rights, economic justice, human rights, unity among tribes

18

Which major city fell under the Ottomans that was traditionally Christian for more than 1000 years?

Constantinople
(later called Islambul then Istanbul)

19

Are most muslims Arab?

No

20

Are most Arabs muslims?

Yes

21

Most populated Islamic countries:

Indonesia followed by Pakistan and India

22

Fastest growing religion in the West:

Islam

23

6 Pillars of Faith (what Muslims believe in)

God
Angels
Divine Scriptures
All prophets and messengers sent by God
Day of Judgment
Fate

24

5 Pillars of Islam (what Muslims are required to do)

1. Shahada or Declaration of Faith
2. Salat or connections with God through 5 daily prayers
3. Siyam or Abstinence for one month in Ramadan (9th month of lunar year)
4. Zakat or purification (give to charity)
5. Hajj or pilgrimage

25

Prohibited

Haram

Pork & alcohol

26

Permissible

Halal

99% of foods and acts people do

27

Requirements for marriage:

1. Consent of bride & groom
2. Presence of witness
3. Guardian gives away his daughter/sister/granddaughter
4. Dowry (right of the bride)

28

Highest leader in Islamic state:

Caliph

29

The seat of Abbasid Dynasty:

Baghdad

30

Islam's Golden Age:

750 - 1258

31

Jihad:

struggle for the sake of God

32

When do children start praying/fasting in Islam?

puberty