Flashcards in Midterm Deck (30):
Unilinear cultural evolution
early anthropology idea (19th century). Different cultures go through the same stages from simple to complex: savage, barbarian, civilized
A state having influence and control over a region without using brute force
Freedom of choice in our institutions, values, symbols etc...
Symbols like the American Flag have no meaning until we actively place meaning onto them
The obligation to give, receive, and reciprocate
While gift exchange seems voluntary it is actually an obligation
Mauss, Guest, Leon
The ability or potential to bring about change through action or influence. Power is embedded into social categories, including race, gender, sex, class, ethnicity, and others.
Naturalizing Social Hierarchies
Is a social construct:
People create groups such as race and gender
Egg and Sperm example: Sperm is strong egg is weak (not true)
Ongka’s big Moka movie
Gift giving in Papa New Guinea between tribes
Significance: This creates status and honor amongst the "big men" of different tribes
Society in Melanesia participate in Kula.
They travel across dangerous oceans to exchange bracelets in the name of 'honor"
possessions that are kept rather than given away during gift giving, they don't want to give them away.
Jason De Leon (Sonoran Desert)
How objects change as a result of being used
Use-wear analysis is a method in archaeology to identify the functions of artifact tools by closely examining their working surfaces and edges
Evans-Pritchard (witchcraft book)
key anthropological research strategy involving both participation in and observation of the daily life of the people being studied
(pattern of life in Reconnaissance)
Fieldwork Code of Ethics
Do not harm, be open and honest, obtain informed consent, etc...
Guest, Essence of Cultural Anthropology
A critical self-examination of the role the anthropologist plays and how they affect their fieldwork
A sense of historical, cultural, and sometimes ancestral connection to a group of people who are imagined to be distinct from those outside the group
A term once used to describe a group of people who shared a place or origin. Now used interchangeably with nation-state
Coats (between the world and me)
Coats states that the US was built on the bodies of black people. He also states that he can not achieve the American Dream because of the color of his skin.
Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving
Veiling promotes a skewed view of what it means to be a muslim women. Veiling should be a choice not an absolute
The invented sense of connection and shared traditions in an ethnic group or nation
Appadurai (Social Life of Things)
all things have the potential to be exchanged, thus have the potential to become commodities, for example knowledge can be commoditized and thus have commodity potential.=
Women's Revolutionary Law
Lynn Stephen (Conversations with Zapatistas)
EZLN announced the Women's Revolutionary Law which was a set of 10 laws that granted rights to women regarding marriage, children, work, health, education, political and military participation, and protected them from domestic violence
Jessica Cattelino (High Stakes)
Quality of being from an indigenous group
The conditions, theories, and values of being indigenous
the indigenous identity and the economic development of the Seminole people seems to be a complicated relationship
Jessica Cattelino (high stakes)
Need to be recognized by other states
The Authority of a state to govern itself
The practice by which a nation-state extends political, economic, and military power beyond its own borders over an extended period of time to secure access to raw materials, cheap labor, and markets in other countries or regions.
Migrant specific capital
Jason De Leon (undocumented migration)
Migrants accumulate knowledge about when, where, how to cross, about border patrol
This information is valuable to illegals
describes the added vulnerability to violence that Black men experience merely based on their race. Police violence etc...
Race and Racism
But race is the child of racism, not the father. 3 types of racism: individual, structural and ideology
Race has no biological backing
The expectations of thought and behavior that each culture assigns to people of different sexes
The Sperm and the Egg
a system of power based on wealth and income
Deindustrialization of Chicago: talk about ability to maintain wealth
Respect for difference
Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving
accepting cultures are different; women should be able to chose whether or not they wear the veil or live a more western life