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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (30):
1

Unilinear cultural evolution

Durkheim:
early anthropology idea (19th century). Different cultures go through the same stages from simple to complex: savage, barbarian, civilized

2

Hegemony

Gramsci
A state having influence and control over a region without using brute force

3

Agency

Guest
Freedom of choice in our institutions, values, symbols etc...
Symbols like the American Flag have no meaning until we actively place meaning onto them

4

Reciprocity

Mauss
The obligation to give, receive, and reciprocate
While gift exchange seems voluntary it is actually an obligation

5

Power

Mauss, Guest, Leon
The ability or potential to bring about change through action or influence. Power is embedded into social categories, including race, gender, sex, class, ethnicity, and others.

6

Naturalizing Social Hierarchies

Coats
Is a social construct:
People create groups such as race and gender
Egg and Sperm example: Sperm is strong egg is weak (not true)

7

Moka

Ongka’s big Moka movie
Gift giving in Papa New Guinea between tribes
Significance: This creates status and honor amongst the "big men" of different tribes

8

Kula

Mauss
Society in Melanesia participate in Kula.
They travel across dangerous oceans to exchange bracelets in the name of 'honor"

9

Inalienable Possessions

Annette Weiner
possessions that are kept rather than given away during gift giving, they don't want to give them away.

10

Use wear

Jason De Leon (Sonoran Desert)
How objects change as a result of being used
Use-wear analysis is a method in archaeology to identify the functions of artifact tools by closely examining their working surfaces and edges

11

Participant Observation

Evans-Pritchard (witchcraft book)
key anthropological research strategy involving both participation in and observation of the daily life of the people being studied
(pattern of life in Reconnaissance)

12

Informed Consten

Fieldwork Code of Ethics
Do not harm, be open and honest, obtain informed consent, etc...

13

Reflexivity

Guest, Essence of Cultural Anthropology
A critical self-examination of the role the anthropologist plays and how they affect their fieldwork

14

Ethnicity

Guest
A sense of historical, cultural, and sometimes ancestral connection to a group of people who are imagined to be distinct from those outside the group

15

Nation

Guest
A term once used to describe a group of people who shared a place or origin. Now used interchangeably with nation-state

16

The Dream

Coats (between the world and me)
Coats states that the US was built on the bodies of black people. He also states that he can not achieve the American Dream because of the color of his skin.

17

Veiling

Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving
Veiling promotes a skewed view of what it means to be a muslim women. Veiling should be a choice not an absolute

18

Imagined Community

Anderson
The invented sense of connection and shared traditions in an ethnic group or nation

19

Commodity Potential

Appadurai (Social Life of Things)
all things have the potential to be exchanged, thus have the potential to become commodities, for example knowledge can be commoditized and thus have commodity potential.=

20

Women's Revolutionary Law

Lynn Stephen (Conversations with Zapatistas)
EZLN announced the Women's Revolutionary Law which was a set of 10 laws that granted rights to women regarding marriage, children, work, health, education, political and military participation, and protected them from domestic violence

21

Indigeneity

Jessica Cattelino (High Stakes)
Quality of being from an indigenous group
The conditions, theories, and values of being indigenous
the indigenous identity and the economic development of the Seminole people seems to be a complicated relationship

22

Sovereignty

Jessica Cattelino (high stakes)
Need to be recognized by other states
The Authority of a state to govern itself

23

Colonialism

Guest
The practice by which a nation-state extends political, economic, and military power beyond its own borders over an extended period of time to secure access to raw materials, cheap labor, and markets in other countries or regions.

24

Migrant specific capital

Jason De Leon (undocumented migration)
Migrants accumulate knowledge about when, where, how to cross, about border patrol
This information is valuable to illegals

25

Breakable Bodies

Coates
describes the added vulnerability to violence that Black men experience merely based on their race. Police violence etc...

26

Race and Racism

Coates
But race is the child of racism, not the father. 3 types of racism: individual, structural and ideology
Race has no biological backing

27

Gender Stereotypes

Guest
The expectations of thought and behavior that each culture assigns to people of different sexes
Emily Martin
The Sperm and the Egg

28

Class Inequality

Guest
a system of power based on wealth and income
Walley
Deindustrialization of Chicago: talk about ability to maintain wealth

29

Respect for difference

Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving
accepting cultures are different; women should be able to chose whether or not they wear the veil or live a more western life

30

Social Fact

Durkheim
How people act, values ect...
social facts or norms are a factor in hegemony, in the way that they govern what you do without you always being aware