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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (150)
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1

​To help a child lose his fear of dogs, his mother begins a series of activities in which the child first views a big black dog from a safe distance while the dog plays with other children and gradually moves closer to the dog until she pats him. This process is called

Shaping

2

​When a child who was previously afraid is no longer afraid of big, black dogs, it can be said that her fear behavior has experienced

Extinction

3

​A child who was once bitten by a large, black dog screams and runs every time she sees a similar dog. This reaction is the result of

Generalization

4

​When a child recognizes that not all dogs are dangerous, but that some are friendly and some are not, she is using the process of

Discrimination

5

During at least the first 6 months breast feeding is preferential to bottle feeding if possible. True/False

True

6

The NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct is an ethical guide for teachers only.​ True/False

False

7

​The child study method that obtains data directly from the child

Child Interview

8

​The child study method that obtains selective information from what a parent or other adult behavior believes is important enough to write down

Diary Record

9

​The child study method that obtains information by an outside person describes what the child did in a factual way and in great detail

Naturalistic Observation

10

​The child study method that obtains data from parents’ memories of current and past events

Parent Interview

11

Kohn suggests that when a child puts his toys away

there should be a discussion about the importance of keeping the room neat and taking care of the toys.

12

Children at the bottom of their age group in height and weight are likely to be

delayed in cognitive development.

13

Happy, physically active, big body play includes

rough-and-tumble play

14

Toddlers love to run around carrying things to another place and dump them out. True/False

True

15

A child who needs to be productive and successful is industrious. True/False

False

16

Bias is defined as “an attitude, belief, or feeling that results in, and helps justify, unfair treatment of a person because of his or her identity” (Derman-Sparks & Edwards, 2010). True/False

True

17

For Vygotsky, the adult’s major role in child learning is

providing support for the child through the zone of proximal development.

18

Which of the following is not a factor contributing to increasing rates of obesity identified by Fraser?

More children are attending child care centers that serve foods high in fat.

19

The evidence from behavioral genetics studies indicates that temperamental characteristics do not influence the development of attachment. True/False

False

20

Object manipulation provides meaningful information for infants. They enjoy exploring the simplest materials, such as a piece of crumpled paper. True/False

True

21

Giving babies access to books and reading to them regularly

introduces them to literacy concepts

22

Standardized tests are a danger to the mental health of young children. True/False

True

23

Having an infant with special needs usually is a cause for stress for everyone in the family due to the extra attention the child with special needs requires. True/False

True

24

Vygotsky believed that culture has little influence on the developmental course of a disability. True/False

False

25

When it comes to being responsible for reporting cases of child abuse, teachers should

know that laws in most states require that they report any suspected abuse.

26

Lee Kwan says to Isabel, “Let’s fly in the rocket to the moon.” This is an example of play with social materials using the theme of taking a trip.True/False

True

27

Ignoring the negative and paying attention to the positive behaviors of children are basic applications of Gesell’s approach to child development and learning.​ True/False

False

28

The doctor is ready to see Mary. Mary is bright and inquisitive. She wants to be independent. She is probably

A four year old

29

Research has not shown a relationship between active social play and early language and literacy development. True/False

False

30

Bonding is the process whereby parent and infant determine they are special to each other. True/False

True