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Flashcards in Midterm (a) Deck (51):
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Adam and Eve

First parents, Original Sin

1

Abuse of freedom

Man abuse freedom from start of history
all share in the wound of Original Sin
personal sin

2

Angel

Their nature is pure spirit

3

Annunciation

Gabriel came to Mary and asked her to be the mother of God. She answered yes. By the power of the Holy Spirit the incarnation occurs

4

Apostles

Jesus chose 12 men to be his companions. He taught them and gave them his power and authority to act in his place. (Bishops)

5

Creation

Genesis 1–3 gives stories of creation
concern the very foundation of human life created for the glory of God.
The totality of what exists depends on God

6

Covenant

Agreement between God and man based on love.
Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Jesus is the new covenant.

7

Charity

Love.
Perfection of charity is holiness

8

Crucifixion

The way Jesus died nailed to the cross, asphyxiation.
Jesus's death is part of the mystery of the plan for salvation.

9

Eternal life

God's desire for all human beings

10

Genesis

First book of the Bible.
Creation stories,
reveals truths that science and history can only speculate on

11

Heaven

The elect enjoy eternal friendship with God.
Beatific vision

12

Hell

By choice, the eternal separation from God of fallen angels and unrepentant human beings

13

Human beings

Their nature is material (corporeal) and spiritual, body and soul. Only creation that is willed for our own sake. Called to share by knowledge and love in God's own life

14

Holiness

Perfection of charity.
Universal call to holiness. Everyone is called.

15

Incarnation

God becomes man. Jesus is conceived in the womb of Mary at the Annunciation.
Jesus is one person with two natures, human and divine

16

Kingdom of God

We need to become a child to enter the kingdom of God

17

Love

Charity,
selfless,
the greatest of the theological virtues

18

Mary

Mother of God.
New Eve

19

Mary Magdalene

First to see the risen Christ

20

Martyrs

Gave their life for the faith

21

Original Sin

Pride and disobedience,
state of sin into which all humans are conceived.
Adam and Eve

22

Our father

Jesus taught us how to pray and it teaches us the value of prayer

23

Pentecost

The Holy Spirit descends on the apostles.
Birthday of the church.
Made possible by Christ's ascension.

24

Plan of salvation

Eternally planned by the father, revealed by the son and accomplished by the power of the Holy Spirit.
Began with the incarnation.
Jesus's death was part of this plan

25

Purgatory

State of purification to ensure eternal salvation after death

26

Protoevangelium

Also known as the first Gospel, first announcement of the Messiah and redeemer

27

Pentateuch

First five books of the Bible

28

Paschal mystery

Suffering, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
Saving effects are communicated especially through the sacrament of the Eucharist

29

Resurrection

When Christ rose from the dead. Christians have hope of the promise of resurrection with Christ on the last day.
Confirms all that Christ said and did.
It is a mystery of faith.
Presupposes that he descended into hell

30

Redemption

Jesus through his sacrificial death on the cross set man free from the slavery of sin

31

Revelation

God revealing himself through scripture and tradition.
Revelation is complete in the person of Jesus Christ

32

Salvation

Service and witness to faith are necessary to accept the gift of salvation

33

Sin

Abuse of freedom

34

Suffering

Jesus's passion was suffering.
It is a consequence of Original Sin.
We offer our suffering as participation in Jesus's work of salvation

35

Through suffering and sacrifice, God...

Brings good and redeems

36

Transfiguration

Christ glorified with Moses and Elijah on Mount Tabor witnessed by Peter, James, and John

37

God brings good/redeems through...

Suffering and sacrifice

38

Parousia

Second coming of Jesus

39

Particular judgment

Eternal recompense received at the moment of death

40

Final judgment

Judgment of everyone at the end of time

41

Immaculate conception

Mary is freed from sin to be the mother of God

42

Presentation

Jesus as first born is offered to God at the temple

43

Visitation

Mary goes to see the pregnant Elizabeth

44

Apostles

First bishops

45

Gospel

Good news of Christ's incarnation and redemption

46

Idolatry

False gods are against the first commandment

47

Felix Culpa

Happy fault
Original Sin

48

Exodus

Liberation from slavery

49

Decalogue

10 Commandments

50

Arc of the covenant

Visible sign of God's presence