Midterm II - Archaeoentomology [COMPLETE] Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Midterm II - Archaeoentomology [COMPLETE] Deck (209)
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1

Ischnocera: ​Goniodes dissimilis

Identifying features:

  • Head larger than thorax = Chewing louse
  • 2 x claws on the legs = Bird louse
  • Long, filamentous antennae = Ischnocera

2

Amblycera: Menopon gallinae

Identifying features:

  • Head larger than thorax = Chewing louse
  • 2 x claws on the legs = Bird louse
  • Short antennae = Amblycera

3

Ischnocera: Columbicola columbae

Identifying features:

  • Head larger than thorax = Chewing louse
  • 2 x claws on the legs = Bird louse
  • Long antennae = Ischnocera
  • Long body = Columbicola columbae

4

Ischnocera: Felicola subrostratus*

Identifying features:

  • Head larger than thorax = Chewing louse
  • 1 x claws on the legs = Mammal louse
  • Long antennae = Ischnocera
  • "House-shaped" head = Felicola subrostratus

5

Nit of Felicola subrostratus

6

Ischnocera: Trichodectes canis

Identifying features:

  • Head larger than thorax = Chewing louse
  • 1 x claw on the legs = Mammal louse
  • Long antennae = Ischnocera

7

Nit of Trichodectes

8

Ischnocera: Bovicola spp. (bovis?)

Identifying features:

  • Head larger than thorax = Chewing louse
  • 1 x claw on the legs = Mammal louse
  • Long antennae = Ischnocera

9

Ischnocera: Werneckiella/Damalinia

Identifying features:

  • Head larger than thorax = Chewing louse
  • 1 x claw on the legs = Mammal louse
  • Long antennae = Ischnocera

This genus frequently has legs missing due to their fragility.

10

Ischnocera: Haematopinus spp. (Suis?)

Identifying features:

  • Head smaller than thorax = Blood-sucking louse (Anoplura)
  • Long antennae = Ischnocera
  • Similarly-sized legs = Haematopinus spp.

11

Linognathus spp.

Identifying features:

  • Head smaller than thorax = Blood-sucking louse (Anoplura)
  • Longitudinal nose & slim 1st pair of legs = Linognathus spp.

(L. vituli, stenopsis, pedalis, ovillus et setosus)

12

1st nymph of Haematopinus spp.

13

Siphonaptera (fleas): Ctenocephalides canis

Identifying features:

  • Rounded & short head; First genal comb is short = C. canis

14

Siphonaptera (fleas): Ctenocephalides felis

Identifying features:

  • Longer head; all genal combs are the same length = C. felis

15

Flea larva (with digested blood inside)

Identifying features:

  • Hairs on the body

16

Fleas: Life cycle

Holometamorphosis in the environment

17

Lice: Life cycle

Ø Pupa stage

18

Cimex (Bed bug): Life cycle

Epimorphosis in the environment

19

Mosquitos: Life cycle

Holometamorphosis

  • Larvae develop in stagnant water
  • Egg → Adult with 4 instars

20

Horsefly: Life cycle

Holometamorphosis

  • Carnivorous larvae develop in wet, shady places
  • Egg → Adult with 7-11 larval instars

21

Cimex lectularius (Bedbug)

Identifying features:

  • 4-part antennae = Cimex lectularius

22

Nematoceran: Psychoidae spp. (Sandflies); ØParasite

Identifying features:

  • Antennae: > 3 segments = Nematoceran
  • Hairy wings = Psychoidae spp.
  • Short proboscis = ØParasitic

23

Nematoceran (general)

Identifying features:

  • Antennae: > 3 segments

24

Nematoceran (general)

Identifying features:

  • Antennae: > 3 segments

25

Nematoceran: Psychodidae (Sandfly) family; ØParasite

Identifying features:

  • Antennae: > 3 segments = Nematoceran
  • Hairy wings = Psychoidae spp.
  • Short proboscis = ØParasitic

26

Nematoceran: Psychodidae (Sandfly) family; Parasitic

Identifying features:

  • Antennae: > 3 segments = Nematoceran
  • Hairy wings = Psychoidae spp.
  • Long proboscis = Parasitic

27

Nematoceran: Psychodidae (Sandfly) family; Parasitic

Identifying features:

  • Antennae: > 3 segments = Nematoceran
  • Hairy wings = Psychoidae spp.
  • Long proboscis = Parasitic

28

Nematoceran: Ceratopogonidae (Biting midge) family

Identifying features:

  • Antennae: > 3 segments = Nematoceran
  • Curved wing edge with few veins = Ceratopogonidae

29

Nematoceran: Ceratopogonidae (Biting midge) family

Identifying features:

  • Antennae: > 3 segments = Nematoceran
  • Dark dots on the wings =  Ceratopogonidae

30

Nematoceran: Ceratopogonidae (Biting midge) family

Identifying features:

  • Antennae: > 3 segments = Nematoceran
  • Dark dots on the wings =  Ceratopogonidae

31

Nematoceran: Ceratopogonidae (Biting midge) family

Identifying features:

  • Antennae: > 3 segments = Nematoceran
  • Dark dots on the wings =  Ceratopogonidae
  • Feathered antennae = Male?

32

Nematoceran: Ceratopogonidae (Biting midge) family

Identifying features:

  • Antennae: > 3 segments = Nematoceran
  • Feathered antennae = Male?

33

Nematoceran: Culicidae (Mosquito) family; Female

Identifying features:

  • Antennae: > 3 segments = Nematoceran
  • Long proboscis = Culicidae
  • Light feathering on antennae = Female

34

Ceratopogonidae (Biting midge) family: Life cycle

Holometamorphosis; Larval development in stagnant water

35

Nematoceran: Culicidae (Mosquito) family; Male

Identifying features:

  • Antennae: > 3 segments = Nematoceran
  • Heavy feathering on antennae = Male

36

Nematoceran: Culicidae (Mosquito) family; Larva

Anterior end of body

37

Nematoceran: Culicidae (Mosquito) family; Larva

Posterior end of body

  • Anal gills
  • Air tube

38

Nematoceran: Culicidae (Mosquito) family; Larva

Head

39

Nematoceran: Culicidae (Mosquito) family; Larva

Posterior end of body

  • Air tubes
  • Anal gills

40

Brachyceran: Tabanidae (Horsefly/Deerfly) family

Identifying features:

  • Antennae: ≤ 3 segments = Brachyceran

41

Hippoboscidae (Forest/Louse flies): Melophagus ovinus

Identifying features:

  • No wings

42

Cephalopharyngeal skeleton of larva

Calliphoridae family

43

2 x Spiracles of Musca species

44

Spiracles of a Blowfly species

Identifying features:

  • 3 slits = 3 instars

45

2 x Spiracles of a 1st instar Hypoderma spp. larva

46

2 x Spiracles of a 2nd instar Hypoderma spp. larva

47

Gasterophilus egg (with larva)

48

Empty Gasterophilus egg shell (Ø Larva)

49

Head of Gasterophilus larva

50

Head of a Gasterophilus larva

51

2 x Spiracles of a 2nd instar Gasterophilus larva

52

2 x Spiracles of a 3rd instar Gasterophilus larva

53

Sarcoptes scabiei

Identifying features:

  • Peaks & spines on the dorsum
  • Ambulacra on the ends of legs
  • Unsegmented legs

54

Sarcoptes scabiei

Identifying features:

  • Peaks & spines on the dorsum
  • Ambulacra on the ends of legs
  • Unsegmented legs

55

Sarcoptes scabiei

Identifying features:

  • Peaks & spines on the dorsum
  • Ambulacra on the ends of legs
  • Unsegmented legs

56

Sarcoptes scabiei

Identifying features:

  • Peaks & spines on the dorsum
  • Ambulacra on the ends of legs
  • Unsegmented legs

57

Sarcoptes scabiei (After boiling in alkaline)

Species aren't identified by morphology but by where they were retrieved from

58

Notoedres cati

Identifying features:

  • Concentric circles on dorsum
  • "Fingerprint" texture

59

Notoedres cati

Identifying features:

  • Concentric circles on dorsum
  • "Fingerprint" texture

60

Notoedres cati

Identifying features:

  • Concentric circles on dorsum
  • "Fingerprint" texture

61

Knemidokoptes gallinae (Burrowing mite of birds)

Identifying features:

  • A totally round body; only legs protrude

 

62

Knemidokoptes gallinae (Burrowing mite of birds)

Identifying features:

  • A totally round body; only legs protrude

 

63

Psoroptes ovis/cuniculi (Ø Burrowing; Mammals)

Identifying features:

  • 3-segmented pedicle
  • Longer legs with ambulacera

64

Psoroptes ovis/cuniculi (Ø Burrowing; Mammals)

Identifying features:

  • 3-segmented pedicle
  • Longer legs with ambulacera

65

Psoroptes ovis/cuniculi (Ø Burrowing; Mammals)

Identifying features:

  • 3-segmented pedicle
  • Longer legs with ambulacera

66

Psoroptes ovis/cuniculi (Boiled in alkaline)

Identifying features:

  • Longer legs with ambulacera

67

Chorioptes bovis

Identifying features:

  • Ambulacrum

68

Otodectes cynotis

Identifying features:

  • Ambulacra

CAN'T BE DISTINGUISHED FROM CHORIOPTES

69

Otodectes cynotis

Identifying features:

  • Ambulacra

CAN'T BE DISTINGUISHED FROM CHORIOPTES

70

Otodectes cynotis

Identifying features:

  • Ambulacra

CAN'T BE DISTINGUISHED FROM CHORIOPTES

71

Ptiloxenoides spp. (Ø Burrowing; Birds; Feathers)

Identifying features:

  • Long body shape

72

Ptiloxenoides spp. (Ø Burrowing; Birds; Feathers)

Identifying features:

  • Long body shape

73

Alphitobius diaperinus

Lesser mealworm

74

Musca domestica adult

75

Musca domestica pupa

76

Tabanidae family

77

Fannia cannicularis pupae

78

Gasterophilus intestinalis pupae

79

Gasterophilus intestinalis pupae

80

Hypoderma diana

81

Hypoderma diana

82

Hypoderma larvae - 2nd instar

83

Lucilia sericata adults

84

Lucilia sericata pupae

85

Wohlfartia

86

Argas persicus

87

Dermacentor spp.

88

Dermacentor spp.

89

Method of detecting: Burrowing mites

Deep skin scrapings

  1. Dip blade into oil
  2. Make skin fold
  3. Scrape skin surface until blood seeps

90

Method of detecting: Non-burrowing mites

Superficially scrape detritus from the lesion edge

91

Method of detecting: Mites in fur

Use scotch tape/comb on a dark surface

The mites will move around

92

Demodex sp. in the hair

93

Demodex sp. from a skin scraping

94

Demodex sp. from a scraping

Identifying features:

  • Striated hind body
  • 8 legs = Adult

95

Demodex sp. from a scraping

Identifying features:

  • Striated hind body
  • 8 legs = Adult

96

Demodex sp. egg

Identifying features:

  • Sharp, pointed shape (similar to blood fluke)

97

Demodex sp. in a hair follicle

98

Demodex sp. in a hair follicle

99

Demodex. in a cattle - Nodule

Usually isn't detected until slaughter

100

Demodex sp. in cattle - Nodule

101

Cheyletiella sp.

Identifying features:

  • Thickened palps with claws

 

102

Cheyletiella sp.

Identifying features:

  • Thickened palps with claws

 

103

Cheyletiella sp.

Identifying features:

  • Thickened palps with claws

 

104

Cheyletiella sp.

Identifying features:

  • Comb on the end of the leg

 

105

Cheyletiella sp. egg on a hair

 

106

Chigger mite (Trombiculidae)

Identifying features:

  • Bright orange-red colour
  • Hairs on the body
  • Short palps
  • Tiny claws on the tarsus

107

Chigger mite (Trombiculidae)

Identifying features:

  • Bright orange-red colour
  • Hairs on the body
  • Short palps

108

Red mite of poultry (Dermanyssus sp.)

  • Egg = female

109

Chigger mite (Trombiculidae)

Identifying features:

  • Bright orange-red colour
  • Hairs on the body
  • Short palps

110

Soft tick larva of bird (Argas sp.)

Identifying features:

  • Long palps
  • Yellow/brown colour
  • Long claws on legs
  • Hairy body surface

111

Hard tick (Ixodidae family) - Eggs

Identifying features:

  • They look like coffee beans

112

Hard tick (Ixodidae family) - Larva

Identifying features:

  • The larva has 6 legs

113

Hard tick (Ixodidae family) - Adult

Identifying features:

  • Shorter palp

114

Hard tick (Ixodidae family) - Adult

Identifying features:

  • Shorter palp

115

Hard tick (Ixodidae family) - Nymph

Identifying features:

  • Nymph has 8 legs

116

Hard tick (Ixodidae family) - Adult [Cross section]

Engorged with blood

117

Ischnocera: Columbicola sp.

Identifying features:

  • Head larger than thorax = Chewing louse
  • 2 x claws on the legs = Bird louse
  • Long antennae = Ischnocera
  • Long body = Columbicola

118

Pulex sp.

Identifying features:

  • Ø Comb on the head = Pulex sp.

119

Flea larva

Identifying features:

  • Presence of hairs = Flea
  • Ø Legs & eyes = Flea

120

Flea allergy on dogs

Wet & warm patches on the skin

121

Alopecia in a cat w/ miliary dermatitis

Caused by a flea infestation - likely causing pruritis

122

Cimex lectularius (Bedbug)

Identifying features:

  • 4-part antennae = Cimex lectularius

123

Nematocera: Blackfly (Simulidae sp.) family

Identifying features:

  • > 3 segmented antennae = Nematocera

124

Nematocera: Blackfly (Simulidae sp.) family - Cocoon

Identifying features:

  • Slipper-shaped cocoon

125

Nematoceran: Psychodidae (Sandfly) family

Identifying features:

  • Antennae: > 3 segments = Nematoceran
  • Hairy wings = Psychoidae spp.
  • Long proboscis = Parasitic

126

Nematoceran: Culicidae (Mosquito) family; Female

Identifying features:

  • Antennae: > 3 segments = Nematoceran
  • Long proboscis = Culicidae
  • Light feathering on antennae = Female

127

Nematoceran: Culicidae (Mosquito) family; Female

Identifying features:

  • Antennae: > 3 segments = Nematoceran
  • Long proboscis = Culicidae
  • Light feathering on antennae = Female

128

Nematoceran: Culicidae (Mosquito) family; Larvae

Identifying features:

  • Respiratory siphon to the water surface

Not all mosquito genera are submerged

129

Nematoceran: Culicidae (Mosquito) family; Pupa

Identifying features:

  • Pupa are suspended in water from their air trumpets

130

Tabanids (Horseflies)

Identifying features:

  • Left: Mottled wings = Haematopota sp.
  • Right: Clear wings = Tabanus sp.

131

Flesh fly (Sarcophagidae) family; Larvae

Facultative myiasis in the tissue

132

Warble fly (Hypodermatinae) subfamily; moulting larvae

Either:

  • H. lineatum
  • H. bovis

133

Warble fly (Hypodermatinae) subfamily; Larvae

The become darker as they mature

134

Botfly (Gasterophilinae) subfamily; Eggs & Adult

Identifying features:

  • Honeybee-like body

135

Botfly (Gasterophilinae) subfamily; Larva

Identifying features:

  • Cephalic hooks
  • Spines on the body

136

Botfly (Gasterophilinae) subfamily; Larvae

137

Sarcoptes scabiei

Identifying features:

  • Peaks & spines on the dorsum
  • Ambulacra on the ends of legs
  • Unsegmented legs

138

Sarcoptes scabiei var. suis

139

Demodex sp.; Adult

Identifying features:

  • 8 legs = Adult form
  • Striated hind body
  • Elongated body with short legs

140

Demodicosis of cattle; nodule on the skin

141

Demodex sp.; Mites

Located in the nodules in tissue

142

Demodicosis of dog; Red mange

Squamous form - Alopecia & seborrhoea around eye & muzzle

143

Argus spp.

Identifying features:

  • Yellow/brown/grey colour
  • Capitulum on the ventral side

144

Larva of a soft tick

Identifying features:

  • Long palps
  • Long claws on legs
  • Hairy body surface

145

Capitulum of an Ixodid family tick

146

Ixodes sp.

147

Dermacentor reticularis

148

Dermacentor reticularis

149

Wohlfahrtia magnifica

Fleshflies

150

Musca domestica

Adult

151

Argas persicus

Soft ticks of birds

152

Haematobia irritans

(Muscoid) Horn fly

153

Alphitobius diaperinus

Adult

154

Alphitobius diaperinus

Larvae

155

Stomoxys calcitrans

Stable flies

156

Musca domestica

Pupae

157

Hippoboscidae longipennis​

Forest/louse fly

158

Flea dirt

159

Flea dirt

160

Felicola subrostratus

Cat-biting louse

161

Melophagus ovinus

Sheep ked

162

Cimex lectularius

Bed bug

163

Flea faeces & Eggs

164

Mosquito larvae

165

Knemidocoptes gallinae

166

Psoroptes cuniculi

Infection inside the ear of rabbit

167

Sarcoptes scabiei var. suis

Infection on ears of swine

168

Simulium sp.

Blackfly

169

Wohlfahrtia magnifica

Larvae

170

Wohlfahrtia magnifica

Adult

171

Lucilia sericata

Common green bottle fly

172

Stomoxys calcitrans

Stable flies

173

Dermacentor reticularis

Adult tick

174

Musca domestica

Adult

175

Musca autumnalis

176

Ixodes ricinus

Castor bean tick

177

Tabanus tergestinus

Horse fly

178

Gasterophilus sp.

Larvae

179

Musca domestica

180

Hypoderma sp.

Warble fly larvae

181

Oestrus sp.

Larva

182

Argas persicus

Soft tick of birds

183

Dermacentor reticularis

Tick adult

184

Hypoderma diana

Warble fly larvae

185

Knemidocoptes sp.

186

Gasterophilus intestinalis

Larvae

187

Werneckiella equi

188

Linognathus setosus

189

Pulex irritans

Adult

190

Idoxes ricinus

Larva

191

Kissing bug (Triatominae)

Transmits Trypanasoma cruzi (Chagas disease)

192

Alphitobius diaperinus (Adult)

Lesser mealworm

193

Alphitobius diaperinus (Larva)

Lesser mealworm

194

Nematocera: Blackfly (Simulidae sp.) family

Identifying features:

  • > 3 segmented antennae = Nematocera

195

Nematocera: Blackfly (Simulidae sp.) family

Identifying features:

  • > 3 segmented antennae = Nematocera

196

Chrysops sp. (Tabanidae)

197

Tsetse fly

198

Hippoboscidae (Forest/Louse flies): Melophagus ovinus

Identifying features:

  • No wings

199

Hippoboscidae (Forest/Louse flies): Hippobosca equina

Identifying features:

  • Wings are present

200

Musca domestica larva

201

Fannia canicularis larva

202

Musca autumnalis

203

Stomoxys calcitrans

Stable fly

204

Stomoxys calcitrans (Stable fly)

Udder/lower leg

205

Haematobia irritans (Horn fly)

Back of animal

206

Oestrus ovis

207

A cat with Notoedres/Otodectes infestation

208

A dog with a mite reaction

209

Dermanyssus gallinae (Red mite of poultry)