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Flashcards in Midterm Review Deck (103):
1

6 Causes of Candidiasis

-prolonged ATB
-chemotherapy
-AIDS
-DIABETES
-Infancy immunity
-Xerostomia

2

Type of Fungal infection that scrapes off to be red not white

Psudomembranous Candidiasis

3

Not a primary lung infection

mucormycosis "phycomycosis"

4

Impetigo looks like

herpes type 1

5

anti-TB drugs

INH (isoniazid) + Ridampin

6

TB sites

Tongue and palate

7

sulfur granules seen in

actinomycosis

8

3 lesions seen in syphyllius

Primary: Chancre
Secondary: Mucous Patches
Teritary: Gummas

9

NUG symptoms and bacteria

bacteria: Treponema Denticola
asx: found odor, grey, metallic taste

10

Pericornitis location

Mandiublar 3rd molars

11

3 HPV Types

Verruca Vulgaris, Condyloma Acuminatum, Focal Epithelias

12

What "ulcers" are preceeded by vesciles

Herpes 1

13

herpes 1 vs herpes 2

herpes 1: recurrent (cold sore) + primary (immovable mucosa)
herpes 2: STD

14

most common STD

herpes 2

15

Varicella =

chicken pox

16

Zoster locations

unilateral vesicular eruptions dont cross midline

17

Hairy leukoplakia is associated with what kind of 2 disease

4 : Epsetin barrs
AND HIV

18

Mono is what kind of herpes

herpes 4 : epstein barrs

19

lesion seen in mono

Palatal petechiae

20

What kind of virus is coxsackie?

RNA virus ; kid disease

21

herpoangina occurs where and is what kind of virus

Coxsackie virus
shallow ulcers on pallate and tonsil region

22

koplik spots are associated with

measels

23

mumps affects what

one or more major salivary glands

24

AIDS blood tests

elisa + western blot

25

oral manifestations of AIDS

- candidiasis
-herpes 1 (warts) ,3(zoster) ,4 (hairy luekoplakia)
- xerostomia
-aphtous ulcers
-atypical gingivitis

26

disorder present at birth

congenital disorder

27

decrease in # of teeth

anodontia

28

increase in # of teeth

supernumary teeth

29

most common missing teeth and 2 most common missing teeth

1) MAX MOLARS
2) MAX LATS

30

2 syndromes associated with supernumary teeth

1) cleidocranial syndrome
2) Gardners Syndrome

31

mesiodens most commonly occurs b/w

max central incicors

32

microdontia most commonly occurs and second most common

max laters + 3rd molars

33

Which has 31 teeth : Gemination or fusion?

Fusion

34

Which has 32 teeth: Gemination or fusion?

Gemination

35

Dens invaginatus VS Dens evaginatus

Invag= dens in dente
evag= occlusal cusp

36

type of dens evaginatus

talon cusp

37

turners tooth is affected by what tooth disorder

enmel hypoplasia

38

ghost teeeth

Regional odontodysplasia

39

Cyst with most recurrence

OKC

40

cyst in place of tooth

primordial cyst

41

most common cyst

radicular cyst

42

heart shape radiolucency

nasopalatine canal cyst

43

pear shape radiolucency

globulomaxillary cyst

44

location of lymphoepithelial cyst

lateral tongue and floor of mouth

45

3 psuedocyts

Simple, Static, Aneurysmal

46

Total chromosomes + # of pairs

46 chromosomes + 23 pairs

47

XX

girl

48

XY

boy

49

Lyon hypothesis

girl = X+ barrbody

50

trisomy

pair w/ one identical chromosome = 3

51

# of chromosomes in trisomy

47

52

Monosomy

missing a chromosome in a pair

53

# of chromosomes in monosomy

45

54

hairy luekoplakia occurs where

lateral tongue

55

enamel hypocalcification displays what

chalky white spots

56

cyst where tooth is nonvital

periapical cyst

57

what cyst causes dysphagia

thryroglossal cyst

58

2nd most common supernumary tooth

distomolar

59

diffuse white-gray opaque lesion on buccal surface

leukoedema

60

elevated macule

papule

61

can leukoplakia seen microscopically or clinically

clinically

62

initial response to injury

inflammatory response

63

first microscopic event in injury

constriction of microcirculation

64

chronic inflammatory lesion

periaplical granuloma

65

2 cells seen in chronic inflammation

lymphocytes + plasma cells

66

what happens in complement system

cytolysis in cells

67

tiny red dots on palate(wrinkled)

nicotine stomatis

68

location of ranula

floor of mouth

69

location of epulis fissuratum

vestibule

70

loss of blood supply to salivary glands

necrotizing sialometaplsia

71

cyst thats non vital on pulp testing

radicular cyst

72

cobble stones in hard palate

papillary hyperplasia

73

3 drugs that cause gingival enlargemetn

procardia, dilantin, cyclosporine

74

wedge-shape

abfraction

75

solar chelitis affects lower or upper lip

lower lip

76

memory cells allow for a _______ immune respose

faster

77

vaccine

active aquired

78

needle stick injury

acquired passive

79

major antibody in hypersensitivity

iGE

80

geographic tongue is seen in what syndrome

reiter syndrome

81

butterfly shape

lupas

82

type 4 hypersensitivity name

delayed

83

5 localized signs

heat
edema
erythema
loss of fucion
pain

84

4 systemic signs

fever
lymphadenophapty
keukocytosis
elevated CRP

85

3 healing phases

inflammation, proliferation, maturation

86

primary repair

incision

87

secondary repair

extraction

88

tertiary repair

delayed

89

whats a canker sore

apthous ulcer

90

is an athous ulcer preceeded by a vesicle

no

91

is the herpetiform ulcer herpes related

no its a type of apthous ulcer

92

dermatitis is what type of hypersensitivity

type 4- contact

93

lesion in erythema multiforme

target lesion

94

whickhams straie is what shape of disease

reticular lichen planus

95

what 2 syndromes is apthous ulcers in

crohns and behcets syndrome

96

autommine disease affecting desmosomes VS hemidesmosomes

desmosomes = PEMPHIGUS Vulgaris
hemi= Cicatrical PEMPHIGOID

97

phemphigus

desmosomes

98

mesiodens VS distomolar

both supernumary teeth but mesiodens is in front, distomolar is distal to 3rd molar

99

Is lateral periodontal cyst an odotongenic or nondontogenic cyst

odonotogenic

100

4 types of immunity

active natural + acquired
passive natural + acquired

101

Active natural:
Passive natural:
Active acquired:
Passive acquired:

active natural ( disease makes Ig) , acquired (vaccine)

Passive Natural (mom), acquired: needlestick

102

B cell matures into __ cells that make ______ and are the only _________ cell

b cells mature into plasma cells that make antibodies and develop into memory cells

103

most severe form of erythema multiforme

stevens-johnson