Midyear Review Flashcards Preview

English Literature > Midyear Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Midyear Review Deck (54):
0

Acerbic (adj.)

Harsh or severe, as of temper or expression

1

Amorous (adj.)

Showing or expressing love

2

Avaricious (adj.)

Characterized by greedy

3

Convivial (adj.)

Friendly; agreeable

4

Credulous (adj.)

Willing to believe or trust too readily

5

Foibles (n.)

Slight flaw or defect

6

Pernicious (adj.)

Causing insidious harm

7

Superfluous (adj.)

Being more than is sufficient or required; excessive

8

Degrade (v.)

To reduce (someone) to a lower rank

9

Destitution (n.)

Utter poverty

10

Elude (v.)

To avoid or escape by speed, cleverness, trickery

11

Interminable (adj.)

Incapable of being terminated; unending

12

Itinerancy (n.)

The act of traveling from place to place

13

Lethargic (adj.)

Drowsy; sluggish

14

Officious (adj.)

Objectionably aggressive in offering one's unrequested services, or help

15

Panacea (n.)

A remedy for all disease or ills; cure-all

16

Sanctimonious (adj.)

Making a hypocritical show of religious devotion

17

Sagacious (adj.)

Having or showing acute mental discernment and keen practical sense

18

Sardonic (adj.)

Mocking; cynical; sneering

19

Synesthesia (n.)

Descriptions of one kind of sensation in terms of another; color attributed to sounds, bright sounds, sounds to odors

Ex: bright sounds, sweet music

20

Vilify (v.)

To speak ill of; defame; slander

21

Absalom

Alludes to paternal grief and to a lost and faithless son

22

Atalanta

The archetype of speed, strength and daring foiled by a trick of the intellect

23

Cassandra

Represents an accurate but unheeded prophet of doom

24

Damocle, sword of

The term indicates impending disaster

25

Nirvana

Ideal condition of harmony

26

Procrustes

The term "Procrustean bed" connotes a rigid standard to which exact conformity is enforced

27

Prometheus

The champion of men against the gods

28

Proteus

Protean means versatile

29

Pyrrhus

A Pyrrhic victory is one that was won at much too high a price

30

Satyrs

The satyr play treated serious matters in a grotesquely comic way

31

Sisyphus

He serves as a constant metaphor for the never-ending struggle to complete one's task, only to be thwarted by still more hurdles

32

Abraham and Isaac

-Symbolic of man's willingness to make the ultimate sacrifice to demonstrate his faith and trust in God
-Symbolic of the idea that faith and trust in God shall be rewarded.

33

Daniel

"Read the handwriting in the wall"

34

Heap coals of fire

"Be kind to your enemy"

35

Jacob and Esau

A literary reference to the pair may allude to discord between siblings, to the politics of the birthright, or to the idea of the fortunate or favored son

36

Jezebel

A seductive woman who leads the hero astray

37

Philistines

Connotes an ignorant, crude, and rude person lacking in culture

38

Ruth

Her intertribal marriage to Boaz also represents openness to the world

39

Sodom and Gomorrah

Symbols of debauchery

40

Tower of Babel

The diversity of languages in the world

41

Cast the first stone

Warning against hypocrisy

42

Four horsemen of the apocalypse

Symbolic of powerful destructive forces

43

Garden of Gethsemane

A place of great physical or psychological suffering

44

Mammon

Personifies the evils of greed and wealth

45

Pharisees

A negative connotation; hypocrites

46

Thane

A warrior who followed his lord, member of the contraries

47

Comitatus

Loyalty to the chosen leader

48

Gleeman

A minstrel singer

49

A scop

A poet or story teller

50

Caesura

A pause in a line of verse, usually near the middle, used to add variety to a regular beat

51

In medias res

In the middle of things

52

Kenning

A metaphorical compound word

Ex:
King - ring giver
Rough sea - whale road
Calm sea - swan road

53

Wyrd

Word used by Anglo-Saxons to represent one's lot in life; personal fame attained through heroic action