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Flashcards in Military Deck (17):
1

Quick kill training

Targets of sillihettes pop up and soldier must quickly decide to fire or not

-introduced feedback on performance to help promote target accuracy

2

2 goals of military training

1. To equip recruit with some mastery of the skills necessary

2. To prepare the recruit for conditions of war

3

Our hearing system tells us about three things

Wavelength
Amplitude
Location

4

Beta (B)

Measure of level of certainty needed to decide if a sound is the target noise instead of background noise

-referred to as our criterion and typically discussed in terms of being lax or strict

5

Signal detection theory

Operates on the assumption that people detect a target (warning sound) from a background of non target sounds, as a consequence of two processes:

-one relies on differences between sensory features of target and non target

-second has to do with how we are able to accept that the sound we are hearing is he target

6

Multimodal

Environment with different sounds, lights, background noises that came with new war tech

7

Psychoacoustics

Combines experimental methodologies developed from psychology with an understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the ear

8

Gestalt Theory

(Three lines) we take the sensory information present and actively impose some organization or structure in order to see/perceive something meaningful

9

d'

The overlap between the sensory features of the target and Non target - is the ratio that reflect the difference between target and background

-ranges from zero to one

10

Spectral Characteristics

Any complex sound is a combo of many simpler sounds, each component will have particular frequency of cycle to make of spectral characteristic

11

War room

Exists in the real world when're there is conflict, truce between two or more groups

12

Task analyses

Used to ensure right soldier is selected

13

Military psychology

Much more general than war psychology

-the application of psychological principles and methods to military needs, not so much a separate field of psychology but defined by its area of application

14

Frequency

The wavelength in sound, the time it takes for sound wave to complete one cycle - measured in hertz

15

Tempermant

Bartlett said many factors should be considered when selecting including temperament, which does not reflects single trait but determine by variety of personality factors

16

Amplitude

The side of a sound wave, measured by loudness. Intensity is referred to as decibels

17

Vicarious learning

In WWI the major model for training a soldier through this form of apprenticeship - however only successful when person has repeated opportunities to learn and not under stress