Flashcards in Minerals Deck (84):
where are minerals found?
soil and rock of earth
how much of body weight it mineral matter?
4-5% (mist in skeleton)
where are minerals present in body?
tissues, enzymes, organs, blood, some vitamins
how do we obtain minerals?
are minerals difficult to absorb?
yes, and there is more competition for uptake between minerals
75% of all minerals in our body are... ?
calcium and phosphorus
what are minerals essential to?
physical and mental health
do minerals provide energy and calories?
no, but they assist in production of energy
which minerals help to regulate fluid and acid balance in the body?
sodium, potassium and chloride
what do minerals help in, in the body?
blood and tissue formation
why is it important to get a full spectrum of minerals?
minerals absorb in lower amounts and many compete with each other
what is the healthiest approach to obtaining optimum mineral levels?
diet of whole foods
what are the 4 categories of minerals?
possibly essential trace minerals
toxic minerals and heavy metals
what are the macrominerals?
what are the microminerals?
what are the possibly essential trace minerals?
what are the toxic minerals and heavy metals?
what are electrolytes?
ionized constituents of a living cell, blood, and organic matter
what macrominerals are electrolytes?
what are the antioxidants?
A, C, E, zinc and selenium
which minerals have reduced absorption when there is too much calcium?
which mineral is needed in growth, maintenance and repair of tissues and cells and for the production of DNA and RNA?
which minerals build strong bones and teeth?
calcium, phosphorus, fluoride
which mineral is most abundant in the body?
how much calcium is stored in bones?
what is needed for calcium to be absorbed and used properly?
magnesium, phosphorus, vitamin D and vitamin K
what factors affect calcium absorption?
age, stress, disease, and medicatins
which mineral is needed for the functions in blood, nerves, muscles, tissues, regulating heart and muscle contractions and nerve conduction
what can enhance absorption of calcium and what can decrease it?
coffee and smoking decrease
which mineral is part of the plaque that forms atherosclerosis?
which foods are rich in calcium?
cheese, dairy, tofu, dark leafy greens, almonds, cabbage, brewers yeas, broccoli
which mineral is a component in the production of hydrochloric acid?
which mineral is crucial to heart function and plays a key role in skeletal and smooth muscle contraction making it important for normal digestive and muscular function?
which mineral is helpful in allowing the liver to clear waste?
which mineral is known as the "anti-stress mineral?
what foods are high in chloride?
table salt, sea salt, seaweed, olives and some vegetables
which mineral is essential in chlorophyll?
what mineral does magnesium act along with in body functions
which mineral is needed for hundreds of enzymatic reactions in energy production?
which mineral works with potassium to regulate water and pH balance?
is potassium an intracellular or extracellular electrolyte?
intracellular... potassium goes in cell, sodium goes out
where _____ goes, water goes
which mineral is an extracellular electrolyte?
which mineral is present in keratin, that is need for health of hair, skin, nails
which sulfur bearing amino acids is sulfur present in?
methionine, cystine, taurine, and vitamins biotin and thiamin
which mineral is associated with blood sugar?
which mineral is a component of B12, which supports the RBC production and formation of myelin sheath around nerves
which vitamin is associated with thyroid?
which mineral has a deficiency symptom of anemia?
which mineral can be toxic because its excess cannot be excreted?
which mineral helps absorb iron and vitamin C
if taking zinc, which mineral should be supplemented with?
which mineral acts as a coenzyme?
what are the 2 types of iron?
heme (animals) and non-heme (plants)
which type of iron is more easily absorbed?
which vitamin helps the absorption of non heme iron?
which mineral is used for picky eaters, anorexia, increases taste and hydrochloric acid?
which mineral is associated with bones?
Which mineral is associated with connective tissue?
Which trace mineral is used to treat bipolar and depression?
If there are high amounts of aluminum what can it be a precursor to?
Alzheimer's and other brain senility syndromes
Which 4 minerals can chelation be used on to help with toxicity?
Aluminum, arsenic, lead, mercury
What toxic mineral levels increase with age?
What vitamins and minerals help eliminate cadmium from body?
Iron, copper and vitamin C
What is most common toxic metal ?
What toxic minerals are a neurotoxin that affects brain and nerve function and are also a immunosuppressant
Lead and mercury
What sulfur bearing amino acids remove lead
Methionine and cysteine
What are detox methods of mercury!
Vitamin C, selenium and fiber
What do toxic minerals do to the body?
Affect metabolic enzymes, brain, nervous system and many other body functions
Which mineral is associated with hemoglobin and is an oxygen carried ?
Which minerals are metalloenzymes ?
Manganese and zinc
Which mineral is associated with lipid metabolism ?
Which mineral is important in detoxification process?
What % of magnesium is in our bones and teeth?
Chloride is found in ______ fluid?
Which mineral is a big part of bodies detoxification process?
Which amino acid has an odor?
Which mineral does phosphorus compete with?
A SAD diet contains _____ phosphorus and _____ calcium ?
Too much , too little
What is the term for elevated potassium levels?
Which mineral can help with pernicious anemia?
Which mineral is Wilson's disease associated with?
Which vitamin works synergistically with vitamin E?