Minerals (cofactors) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Minerals (cofactors) Deck (29):
1

used to make hemoglobin/myoglobin and used in ETC

iron

2

defective Hg production resulting in hypochromic, microcytic anemia

iron def

3

constituent of B12 (cobalamin)

cobalt

4

vit B12 def can be caused by a deficiency in what mineral?

cobalt

5

component of many oxidases in ETC and needed for manufacture of NT's and collagen

copper

6

muscle weakness, abnormal collagen cross linking, and microcytic hypochromic anemia

copper def

7

component of many oxidase enzymes, cofactor of carbonic anhydrase, cell mediated immunity and GH

zinc

8

growth retardation, impaired wound healing, hypogonadism, and alopecia

zinc def

9

needed for collagen synthesis

copper

10

cofactor for carbonic anhydrase

zinc

11

component of glutathione peroxidase

selenium

12

contributes to development of cardiomyopathy (Kenshan's disease)

selenium def

13

essential in synthesis of thyroid hormones

iodine

14

cretinism in children and myxedema in adults

iodine def

15

essential in formation of bones and teeth

calcium

16

essential for normal nerve/muscle function and for blood clotting

calcium

17

paresthesia, muscle cramps, tetany, bone fracture, and osteoporosis

calcium def

18

binds to active sites of many enzymes and forms complexes with ATP

magnesium

19

paresthesia, muscle cramps, tetany, and seizures

magnesium def

20

glucose transport into cells

chromium

21

impaired glucose tolerance

chromium def

22

high in red meat

iron

23

high in fish and nuts

cobalt

24

high in prunes

copper

25

high in seafood

zinc

26

high in brazil nuts

selenium

27

high in dairy and collards

calcium

28

high in nuts

magnesium

29

high in oysters

chromium