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Flashcards in misc 2 Deck (26):
1

Corneal reflex

V1 --> VII

2

Lacrimation reflex

V1 --> VII

3

Jaw jerk

V3 (sensory) --> V3 (motor)

4

Pupillary reflex

II --> pretectal nucleus (fibers travel with optic tract, then split before LGN) --> bilateral EW nuclei --> III

5

Gag reflex

IX --> X`

6

optic canal

CN II, ophthalmic artery, central retinal vein

7

Superior orbital fissure

CN III, IV, V1, VI, opthalmic vein, sympathetic fibers

8

Foramen Rotundum

CN V2

9

Foramen Ovale

CN V3

10

Foramen spinosum

middle meningeal artery, middle meningeal vein, meningeal (recurrent) branch of V3)

11

Internal auditory meatus

CN VII, VN VIII

12

Jugular foramen

CN IX, X, XI, jugular vein

13

Hypoglossal canal

CN XII

14

Foramen magnum

CN XI, brainstem, vertebral arteries

15

PICA syndrome

lateral medulla:

contralateral pain and temperature, ipsilateral horner's, ipsilateral paralysis of CN V, IX, X, XI

16

AICA syndrome

medial pontine:
vomiting, vertigo, nystagmus, facial paralysis, decr pain/temperature, ipsilateral horners, ipsilateral hearing loss

17

ASA syndrome

Medial medullary:
contralateral spastic paralysis, ipsilateral XII (tongue)

18

ApoA-I

LCAT activation (cholesterol esterification)

19

ApoB-48

Chylomicron assembly by intestinal cells

20

ApoB-100

LDL uptake by extrahepatic cells

21

ApoC-II

LPL actiation

22

ApoE3, E4

VLDL and chylomicron remnant uptake by liver

23

gout vs pseudogout

pseudo - rhomboid crystals positive birefringence (calcium pyrophosphate)
gout -- negative birefringence (MONOSODIUM urate)

24

Essential amino acids

Glucogenic: Met, Val, His
Gluco/ketogenic: Ile, Phe, Thr, Trp
Ketogenic: Leu, Lys

25

tubular adenomas vs villous adenomas

tubular: smaller, pedunculated. gland structures
villous: larger, sessile, cauliflower. micro: villi projecting from surface to stroma. (more likely malignant)

26

pathophys osteoporosis

decr estrogen --> incr RANKL --> incr clasts --> decr blasts