Flashcards in Misc Dog/Cat Repro Problems Deck (25)
Which dog breeds are predisposed to dystocia and why?
Brachycephalics (Boston terriers) d/t puppies w/large heads and mothers w/flat pelvic inlets
What can you give to a dystocia to encourage expulsion of the next fetus?
What % of mammary tumors are considered malignant in cats?
What causes mammary carcinoma growth?
How do you ddx mammary carcinoma from mammary hyperplasia in cats?
How do you treat a mammary carcinoma in a cat?
Radical bilaterally mastectomy and spay
What % of mammary masses in dogs are malignant?
Where do mammary tumors metastasize to?
How do you prevent mammary tumor development?
Spay cat before 6mo
What size of mammary tumor in a dog is considered a poor prognostic indicator?
What size of mammary tumor in a cat is considered a poor prognostic indicator?
How much does spaying a cat before 6mo of age reduce its risk of mammary carcinoma development?
What is ovarian remnant syndrome?
Spayed animals exhibiting signs of being in heat
Does ovarian remnant syndrome occur more often in cats or dogs?
How do you diagnose ovarian remnant syndrome?
Vaginal cytology will show cornified epithelial cells
What hormone influences a pyometra?
What is the most common causative agent of a pyometra in dogs?
This condition involves progressive thickening of the endometrium and hypertrophied glands as a result of repeated exposure to P4 in dogs
Cystic endometrial hyperplasia (CEH)
What age is pyometra more common in dogs?
Older than 8y (but can happen to any age)
How is CEH related to pyometra?
CEH predisposes to pyometra
Which mammary glands are most commonly affected by tumors?
How do you treat a pyometra?
How can you medically manage an OPEN pyometra?
Prostaglandin and abx
Why can't you medically manage a closed pyometra?
Could rupture uterus