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Flashcards in Misc Dog/Cat Repro Problems Deck (25)
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1

Which dog breeds are predisposed to dystocia and why?

Brachycephalics (Boston terriers) d/t puppies w/large heads and mothers w/flat pelvic inlets

2

What can you give to a dystocia to encourage expulsion of the next fetus?

Oxytocin

3

What % of mammary tumors are considered malignant in cats?

70-90%

4

What causes mammary carcinoma growth?

Hormones

5

How do you ddx mammary carcinoma from mammary hyperplasia in cats?

Biopsy

6

How do you treat a mammary carcinoma in a cat?

Radical bilaterally mastectomy and spay

7

What % of mammary masses in dogs are malignant?

50%

8

Where do mammary tumors metastasize to?

Lungs

9

How do you prevent mammary tumor development?

Spay cat before 6mo

10

What size of mammary tumor in a dog is considered a poor prognostic indicator?

>3cm

11

What size of mammary tumor in a cat is considered a poor prognostic indicator?

>2cm

12

How much does spaying a cat before 6mo of age reduce its risk of mammary carcinoma development?

7x

13

What is ovarian remnant syndrome?

Spayed animals exhibiting signs of being in heat

14

Does ovarian remnant syndrome occur more often in cats or dogs?

Cats

15

How do you diagnose ovarian remnant syndrome?

Vaginal cytology will show cornified epithelial cells

16

What hormone influences a pyometra?

Progesterone

17

What is the most common causative agent of a pyometra in dogs?

E. coli

18

This condition involves progressive thickening of the endometrium and hypertrophied glands as a result of repeated exposure to P4 in dogs

Cystic endometrial hyperplasia (CEH)

19

What age is pyometra more common in dogs?

Older than 8y (but can happen to any age)

20

How is CEH related to pyometra?

CEH predisposes to pyometra

21

Which mammary glands are most commonly affected by tumors?

Caudal glands

22

How do you treat a pyometra?

OHE

23

How can you medically manage an OPEN pyometra?

Prostaglandin and abx

24

Why can't you medically manage a closed pyometra?

Could rupture uterus

25

What are benefits of castration?

Decreases roaming, aggression, and marking