What is the symptom of acute pericarditis?
Sharp pain aggravated by inspiration
How is pericarditis relieved?
Sitting up and leaning forward
What are the three kinds of acute pericarditis?
Presents with loud friction rub
From non-infectious inflammatory diseases
Caused by infectious agents
- Most frequent
- Presents with loud friction rub
- From non-infectious inflammatory diseases
- Caused by infectious agents
What is cardiac tamponade?
Compression of heart by fluid in pericardium leading to decreased CO
What are the clinical findings in cardiac tamponade?
Increased venous pressure
Distant heart sounds
- jugularvein distension
What is pulsus paradoxus?
Decreased amplitude of systolic blood pressure by 100mmHg during inspiration
How does syphilis cause heart disease?
Tertiary syphilis disrputs the vasa vasorum of the aorta causing dilation of the aorta and valve ring
Often causes thoracic aneurysm leading to tree-bark like appearance of aorta
What are varicose veins?
Dilated totruous superficial veins due to chronically increased venous pressure
What do varicose veins predispose an indivual to?
Poor wound healing and varicose ulcers
What is Raynaud's disease?
Decreased blood flow to the skin due to arteriolar vasospasm in response to cold temperature or emotional stress
Most often in fingers and toes
When is Raynaud's disease called Raynaud's phenomenon?
When secondary to:
mixed connective tissue disease
- mixed connective tissue disease
- CREST syndrome