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Flashcards in Missed Test Questions Deck (76):
1

DRO based on

combination of extinction and reinforcement

2

Increasing test length affects _______ more?

will affect reliability more than validity

3

In comparing the relationshp betwen satisfaction and performance, and satisfaction and length of employmnet

the first correlation is weak and positive, the second moderate and positive

4

Following an incident of spousal abuse, the intervention with the lowest recidivism rate would be

imprisoning the perpetrator

5

Ability to conserve

Concrete operations (7-11)

6

Preoperational Child (Piaget)

  • Use symbolic activity
  • egocentrism
  • intuitive thinking

ages 2 - 7

7

Individuals with antisocial personality disorder are most influenced by

$$$$

8

In order to extinguish a classically conditioned response, one should omit the

Unconditioned stimulus

Present the conditioned stimulus w/o the unconditioned stimulus.

 

Present the food without the bell over and over and over.

9

Addictive behaviors and treatment failures

They are self-reinforcing. , but not necessarily operatantly and classical reinforced.

10

Sleep-wake patterns controlled by

suprachiasmatic nucleus

11

Job enrichment is a valuable intervention for what theory?

Two-factor

 

Builds motivators or satisfiers into job content. 

12

Phenobarbital withdrawal

  • hallucinations
  • muscle tremors

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Restlessness

  • Fatigue

  • Flu-like symptoms (aches, fever, runny nose, watery eyes)

13

Self-in-relation theory

Women develop a sense of self through relationships with others

14

In psychotherapy outcome researh, the factors tha appear most responsible for lack of improvement are

client factors

15

a person earns idiosycncrasy credits by

initially conforming to group norms

16

a child with a specific learning disorder with impairment in reading is most likely to 

continue to have impairment in reading as an adult

17

Radiation tx for kids with tumors in cerebellm may result n

learning problems

18

A profession psychologist has...

has a doctorare in psychoogy from a regionally accredited school

19

The frequency of sex in later life is most highly correlated with

availabilty of partners

20

Criterion contamination occurs...

when criterion are subjectively scored and the rater has knowldge of employees predictor scores.

21

Relationship between mental illness & socioeconomic status

SES & mental illness = negatively correlated

22

Masters & Johnson's technique of sensate focus is based on 

counterconditoning 

 

bc person learns a new response that is incompatible with problematic response

23

Nerotransmitter associated with voluntary movement

acetylcholine

24

Approach-Approach conflict

Must choose between 2 desirable alternatives, which devalues the one you didnt choose.

25

Approach-avoidance conflict

Both drawn to and repelled by same alternative.

26

which predominates the state of relaxed wakefullness

alpha waves

27

social anxiety disorder

fear of one or more situations in which person is exposd to potential scrutiny by others

28

group norm (group therapy

standard of behavior that group members follow.

29

Jungian consider part of the personal and collective unconscious that is projected out to be

transference

30

Design least likely to be threatened by history

ABAB

31

you conduct 2-way ANOVA with significant differences. What happens next?

Look for main effects & interactions.

32

3 key variables that affect incremental validity:

  • base rate
  • selection reation
  • criterion-related validity

33

Base Rate

rate of successful hiring without using a test

34

Selection ratio

ratio of number of openings to number of applicants

35

What does low selection ratio mean?

optimizes incremental validity

36

criterion-related validity

correlation bewteen scores on test and scores on some outcome measure of performance or producitivity

37

what are taylor-russel tables used for

incremental validity

38

racial/cultural identiy development model (Sue)

culturally different person most likely to be critical of dominant culture durng which stage

resistance and immersion

39

racial/cultural identiy development model (Sue)

culturally different person most likely to be increasingly aware that not all values of dominant culture are beneficial and certain aspects of minority culture begin to have appeal

dissonance

40

patient has back pain secondary to a serious accident at work 6 months ago. psychologist should

use hypnotherapy

 

Treats chronic pain

 

could use CBT

41

Adult Attachment Interview - preoccupied adult 

what kind of kid

ambivalent 

42

4 categories of the Adult Attachment Interview

  1. secure/autonomous (secure infants)
  2. insecure/dismissing (avoidant infants)
  3. insecure/preoccupied (ambivalent/anxious infants)
  4. disorganized/unresolved adult (disorganized infants

43

From operant learning perspective, best to manage child tantrums through

extinction

44

neo-freudians emphasize

social interactions

45

mediated generalization

stimulus generalization

46

Can a subpoena be ignored

no

47

Interference Theory of Memory

We remember best when we minimize interference immediately after we learn something (sleep can count)

48

Parenting: theoroist who recommends use of natural, logical consequences and focus on the goals of misbehavior?

Adler

Individual Psychology

STEP. helps parents structure family life so that children experience natural and logical consequences of both good and bad behavior. Looks at the goals of misbehavior.

49

Premack priniciple

use high frequency behavior to reinforce low frequency behavior

50

APA Ethics: relationship between standars and general principles

standards are enforceable, gen prince = aspirational

51

Work sample tests prevent

discrimination opposed to biodata , multiple-aptitude batteries, and norm-reference testing

52

Correlated with successive aging

higher level of activity

53

respondent conditioning

classical conditioning phenomenon of pairing initially neutral stimulus with an aversive unconditioned stimulus

54

instrumental conditioning

operant conditioning

55

when you have a severely restricted range, correlations tend to equal

0

56

who holds privilege in court-ordered tx

client

57

concordance rate of identical twins for bipolar I 

75%

58

comparing job enrichment to job enlargment

job enrichment involves more responsibility while job enlargement increases variety

59

Range of standard error of measurement is always

0 to standard deviation of the test.

60

range of validity coefficient is

-1 to +1

61

range of reliability coefficient

0 to +1

62

range of standar error of estimates

0 to standard deviation of criterion

63

sending info by modem you have to 

mark it as confidential

64

test data (raw and scaled scores) may be released to

whomever the patient requests with a release

65

average effect size of psychotherapy outcome research is

.9

66

culturally encapsulated therapist

generalizes based on race/culture

67

High LPCs do best in _________ while low LPCs do best in ____________

 

Fiedlers LPC theory

moderately favorable

either highly favorable/unfavorable situations

68

preadolescent sibling relatonships are characterized by

conflict/friendship

69

standard Error of Estimate - effected by 2 variables

  1. Standard deviation of the criterion
  2. criterion-related validty

It is a measure of accuracy of preditions made with a Regression Line

70

Catharsis 

(psychoanalyst & behaviorist)

Psycho: involves talking about anxiety-provoking situations and purging the associated emotions

Behavior: works to reduce anxiety by process of classical extinction. (Flooding with response prevention)

71

Flooding with response prevention

Individual is exposed to feared conditioned stimulus w/o unconditioned stimulus being present until the fear response is extinguished

72

Assimilation

See a bird and call it a plane.

involves incorporating new experience into an already established mental structure.

73

Accomodation

 

Modifying or expanding a cognitive structure to take in new info.

 

74

paradoxical intention

prescribe the Sx

75

The feature of speech that would normally be remembered best by a listener is

semantic (meanings)

76

Chi Square

  1. Catagorical or nominal data
  2. Differences between groups
  3. Can have more than 1 independent variable (multiple sample chi square)

CANNOT be run when repeated observations are made.