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AAA BIOLOGY EXAM > Mitosis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mitosis Deck (12)
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What are the three components of the cell theory?

• living things are made up of cells
• new cells come from preexisting cells
• cells are the basic unit of living things

1

What is mitosis?

Type of cell division that results in two identical daughter cells

2

Why does mitosis occur? (4 reasons)

• growth
• healing injuries
• reproduction
• replace old cells

3

What are chromosomes?

Thread-like structures found in the nucleus. They are made of DNA.

4

What is the cell cycle and what are the 4 parts of it?

Life cycle of the cell
• G1 — cell growth
• S — DNA replication
• G2 — prep for mitosis
• M — Mitosis

5

What is cytokinesis?

Division of cytoplasm

6

Describe Interphase…

• G1
• S
• G2
WHILE DOING REGULAR CELL ACTIVITIES

7

Describe Prophase…

- nucleus disappears
- centrioles and spindle fibers appear

8

Describe Metaphase…

Chromosomes line up in the middle (metaphase, middle)

9

Describe Anaphase…

Chromosomes split in half

10

Describe Telophase…

- spindle fibers disappear
- nucleus reappears
- cell about to split

11

What type of cells undergo mitosis?

Somatic cells