Flashcards in Mixed review 2 Deck (89):
What are the generic Bordeaux AOPS?
Cremant de Bordeaux for Mousseaux rose and blanc, Bordeaux AOP for blanc, rose, rouge, blanc moelleux, and Bordeaux Superieur.
What style of wine is permitted in Haut-Medoc and Medoc?
Both are rouge only. 11% alcohol, 3g/l, 55hl/ha
What percentage of alcohol is the minimum for Bordeaux Superior blanc and rouge?
Blanc is 12%
Rouge is 11%
Regular Bordeaux blanc is 11% and rouge is 10.5%
What style of wine may be produced in Listrac-Moulis?
Wine style permitted in Graves AOP?
Rouge and Blanc sec. Merlot blanc and columbard are not permitted but all other Bordeaux varietals are used here.
What are the communes of Cerons AOP? Wine style?
Wine style sweet white only. Communes are:
Cerons, Illats, Podensac
What style of wine may be produced in Graves Superieures AOP?
Sweet white from Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Sauvignon Gris, Muscadelle. 34 g/l RS, Botrytis and harvested in tries.
Name the AOPs of Graves that may produce sweet wine?
What two notable Chateau will not produce a first wine for the 2017 vintage?
Chateau Corbin in St. Emilion and Chateau Fieuzal in Pessac will not produce a first wine.
Name four wines that are classified for both white and red wines in Graves?
Domaine de Chevalier
What is the classification of Chateau Smith-Haut Lafite, Chateau Pape-Clement and Chateau Couhins?
Chateau Smith-Haut Lafite, Chateau Pape Clement are both classified growths in Graves for red wines. Chateau Couhins is in Graves and is classified for white wine.
In which AOPs would you find the subregion of “Haut-Benange”
In Entre-Deux-Mers as well as in the basic Bordeaux AOP
What are the AOPs of Entre-Deux-Mers that are permitted to make sweet wine?
Loupiac, Cotes de Bordeaux Saint-Macaire, Saint-Exupéry-Croix-du-Mont, Cadillac, Cotes de Bordeaux St. Foy, and Cotes de Bordeaux Francs, and Premiers Cotes de Bordeaux
Wine style and grapes permitted for Blaye AOP?
Rouge only. Min 50% combined Cabernet, Cab Franc, Merlot. 12% alcohol and 3g/l RS.
What style of wine is permitted in Bourg/Cotes de Bourg?
Blanc and Rouge. Blanc is Sauvignon Blanc, SG, Semillon, Muscadelle, Colombard, and Rouge is Cab, Cab Franc, Cot and Merlot
What style of wine is made in Premieres Cotes de Bordeaux AOP?
What are the regions that can add their name to the Cotes de Bordeaux AOP?
Francs, Cadillac, Castillon, Blaye, Sainte Foy
What is the wine style permitted in Sainte-Croix-du-Mont AOP?
Blanc liquoreaux 45g/l
Muscadelle, SB, SG, Semillon
What is Bouchet?
Merlot in St. Emilion in known as bouchet.
In what year did Chateau d’Yquem sell to LVMH?
What year was the classification of St. Emilion? When has it been updated?
1954, it was revised in 1969, 1985, 1996, 2006, 2012
What are the St. Emilion satellites?
St. Georges - least exciting
Where would you find the Isle and Barbanne rivers?
Pomerol. The Dordogne river also runs through here.
Describe the difference of the cotes and the graves in St. Emilion
Cotes- limestone debris on a limestone base. All but 2 great growths are located on the cotes
Graves- gravel, less limestone and clay. Cheval Blanc and Figeac are here on the graves
Sables Anciens- old weathered sand- no gravel on a base of limestone. No first growths here.
How many first growths or premiers crus are there in Sauternes?
What are the best vintages in Sauternes in the 1980s? Worst?
1983, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1989 were the best
1984 was the worst.
What are the best Sauternes vintages in the 1970s?
1971, 1975, 1976
What are the best Sauternes vintages of the 1990s? Worst?
1990, 1997 were the best
1991-1994 were the worst
Name the classification of the following:
Chateau Caillou- Duxiemes Cru
Chateau Coutet- Premier Cru
Chateau Climens- Premier Cru
Chateau Broustet- Duxiemes Cru
What are the Premiers Crus that are not located in Bommes?
Chateau Suideraut is located in Priegnac
Chateau Climens and Coutet are in Barsac
Chateau Rieussec is in Fargues
What are the wine styles allowed in Graves de Vayres?
Rouge and Blanc Sec.
Soil type of Entre-deluxe-Mers
Loamy and some gravel and limestone
What is the soil type is in Sauternes?
Gravelly and heavy clay
What are the outstanding Bordeaux vintages for dry wines pre 1970?
What was the most successful vintage of the 1970s?
What are the most successful vintages on the right bank since 2000?
2016, 2016, 2010, 2009, 2005
Name the second wine for the following:
Les Pagodes de Cos
La Dame du Montrose
Les Pelerines de Lafon-Rocket
Name the second wines for the following:
Le Clarence du Haut Brion
Moulin de Duhart
Fleurieu de Pedesclaux
Second wines of:
Connetable de Talbot
Chateau Lady Langoa
Name three classified Chateau in Haut-Medoc
La Tour Carnet
What is the second wine of:
Chapel Le d’Ausone
Le Petite Cheval
Esprit de Pavie
Second wines of the following:
Chateau La Conseillante
Esperanza de Trotanoy
Duo de Conseillante
Pensees de Lafleur
Name as many Duxiemes crus as possible
There are 15 total:
de Myrat- Barsac
De Malle- Preignac
Romer de Hayot- Sauternes
Name as many premier crus of Sauternes as possible- there are 11
La Tour Blanche- Bommes
Clos Haut-Peragyeuy- Bommes
de Raven-Vigneau- Bommes
Rabaul Proimis- Bommes
What are the wards of the Cape Town district?
What are the three regions that make up the Boberg region?
All can produce fortified wines under the Boberg name
Walker Bay is most known for which varietals?
Chardonnay and Pinot Noir
What are the major geographic influences of the Franschhoek Valley?
The valley is enclosed by three sides by mountains: Groot Drakenstein, Franschhoek, Klein Drakenstein and Simonsberg
Where in South Africa is the largest producing area with the most vineyard land?
Worcester within the Beede River Valley
What is the southernmost point in South Africa? Which ocean does it touch?
Cape Agulhas which touches the Indian Ocean and also Walker Bay
What are the districts of the Western Cape region?
Cape South Coast Region
Breede River Valley
What are the districts of Breede River Valley? 3
In which region/district is the KWV Brandy Cellar located?
In Worcester within the Breede River Valley
What are the districts of the Cape South Coast region? 6
What are the wards of Walker Bay?
Walker Bay is within the Cape South Coast region. The wards are:
Upper Hemel-en-Aarde Valley
What are the mountains in the Stellenbosch region?
Which region in South Africa is known as “the Black Land”
What are the 2 districts of Klein Karoo? What style of wine is most common in this region?
Sweet wines and port style wines and brandies are most common here.
What is the soil type in Swartland?
What are the districts of Olifants River?
Where would you find St. Helena Bay?
Off the coast of Olifants River in the Western Cape
When was Cape Town founded?? By whom?
Founded in 1655 by Jan Van Riebeck
When was Constantia founded?
When was the first Neiderberg Wine Auction?
When was apartide repealed in South Africa?
What do the terms “Amakuchi, and karakuchi” mean on a bottle of sake?
Amakuchi means sweet
Karakuchi means dry
What does genshu mean?
Undiluted sake- No additional water added.
What is the term for a cloudy sake, or sake that is bottled with it’s lees?
Nigori or nogorizake
What is Akazake?
Red sake- using red rice varieties
What is zenkoji?
Sake made from 100% koji and no steamed rice in the production process.
What are the grapes used in Marsala production??
Grillo, Catarratto, Inzolia, Damaschino for Ambra and oro styles
Perricone, Calabrese, Nerello Mascalese for Rubino Wines
What white grapes are permitted in port production?
Semillon, Arinto, Cercial, Gouveio, Malvasia Fina, Moscatel Gallegos Branco, Rabbigato, Sercial, Verdelho, Voisino, Vital, Sitia, Folgazao
What are the authorized grapes for red port production?
Aragonez, Bastardo, Castelao, Cornifesto, Donzelinho Tinto, Malvasia Preta, Marufo, Rueter, Tinto Barroca, Touriga National, Trincadeira
What style of wine is produced n Coteau de Die?
Still white from 100% Clairette. 10.5% alcohol, max 6g/l
What are the permitted grapes and aging requirements for Cremant de Die?
Vin Mousseaux Blanc
Clairette plus muscat and Aligote. No more than 10% muscat allowed. Manual harvesting. 9 months on the lees, released after 12 months.
What is the name of the river closest to the Coteau de Die AOP?
The Drome River
What are the wine styles and grapes permitted in St. Peray?
Blanc & Mousseaux
Mousseaux wines are released 12 months after the date of tirage, no minimum lees time.
Describe the wine style in Chatillon-en-Dois?
Blanc, Rose, Rouge
This is south of St. Peray next to Coteau de Die
Blanc: Chardonnay and Aligote
Rouge and Rose are 60% Gamay plus Pinot and Syrah
Name some of the lieu-dits of Cornas
Lessaveaux-Nord & Sud
What is the minimum alcohol for Condrieu?
What are the AOPs of the Northern Rhone that can produce white wines?
Clairette de Die
Coteau de Die
Cremant de Die
What are the rules for Clairette de Die AOP?
Styles permitted are Mousseaux & Methode Dioise Ancestrale
Mousseaux: Clairette, 3.5 atmospheres, 9 months on the lees and 15g/k
Methode Dioise: 75% Muscat, 35g/l 4 months on the lees and 3 atmospheres
Describe the difference in soil types of Cote Blonde and Cote Brune?
Cote Blonde is Gneiss
Cote Brune is mica and schist
What are the communes of Hermitage?
What are the major lieu-dits of Hermitage?
Les Grandes Vignes
Torres et les Garrennes
What is the most important lieu-dit of St. Joseph?
Les Roys is the most important, it is close to the Argentine stream.
What is the major soil type found in Condrieu?
Arzelles soils which is decomposed granite.
Where is Cabardes AOP and what wine styles do they produce there?
Cabardes is in the Western Languedoc and they are permitted to produce rouge and rose wines.
40% combined Cabernet, Merlot and 40% combined Grenache and Syrah. Mediterranean and Bordeaux varietals here.