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Flashcards in Mixed review 2 Deck (89):
1

What are the generic Bordeaux AOPS?

Cremant de Bordeaux for Mousseaux rose and blanc, Bordeaux AOP for blanc, rose, rouge, blanc moelleux, and Bordeaux Superieur.

2

What style of wine is permitted in Haut-Medoc and Medoc?

Both are rouge only. 11% alcohol, 3g/l, 55hl/ha

3

What percentage of alcohol is the minimum for Bordeaux Superior blanc and rouge?

Blanc is 12%
Rouge is 11%
Regular Bordeaux blanc is 11% and rouge is 10.5%

4

What style of wine may be produced in Listrac-Moulis?

Rouge only

5

Wine style permitted in Graves AOP?

Rouge and Blanc sec. Merlot blanc and columbard are not permitted but all other Bordeaux varietals are used here.

6

What are the communes of Cerons AOP? Wine style?

Wine style sweet white only. Communes are:
Cerons, Illats, Podensac

7

What style of wine may be produced in Graves Superieures AOP?

Sweet white from Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Sauvignon Gris, Muscadelle. 34 g/l RS, Botrytis and harvested in tries.

8

Name the AOPs of Graves that may produce sweet wine?

Graves Superieures
Barsac
Cerons
Sauternes

9

What two notable Chateau will not produce a first wine for the 2017 vintage?

Chateau Corbin in St. Emilion and Chateau Fieuzal in Pessac will not produce a first wine.

10

Name four wines that are classified for both white and red wines in Graves?

Chateau Bouscat
Chateau Carboniuex
Domaine de Chevalier
Chateau Latour-Martillac
Chateau Malartic-Lagraviere
Chateau Olivier

11

What is the classification of Chateau Smith-Haut Lafite, Chateau Pape-Clement and Chateau Couhins?

Chateau Smith-Haut Lafite, Chateau Pape Clement are both classified growths in Graves for red wines. Chateau Couhins is in Graves and is classified for white wine.

12

In which AOPs would you find the subregion of “Haut-Benange”

In Entre-Deux-Mers as well as in the basic Bordeaux AOP

13

What are the AOPs of Entre-Deux-Mers that are permitted to make sweet wine?

Loupiac, Cotes de Bordeaux Saint-Macaire, Saint-Exupéry-Croix-du-Mont, Cadillac, Cotes de Bordeaux St. Foy, and Cotes de Bordeaux Francs, and Premiers Cotes de Bordeaux

14

Wine style and grapes permitted for Blaye AOP?

Rouge only. Min 50% combined Cabernet, Cab Franc, Merlot. 12% alcohol and 3g/l RS.

15

What style of wine is permitted in Bourg/Cotes de Bourg?

Blanc and Rouge. Blanc is Sauvignon Blanc, SG, Semillon, Muscadelle, Colombard, and Rouge is Cab, Cab Franc, Cot and Merlot

16

What style of wine is made in Premieres Cotes de Bordeaux AOP?

Blanc liquoreaux
34g/l RS
45hl/ha

17

What are the regions that can add their name to the Cotes de Bordeaux AOP?

Francs, Cadillac, Castillon, Blaye, Sainte Foy

18

What is the wine style permitted in Sainte-Croix-du-Mont AOP?

Blanc liquoreaux 45g/l
Muscadelle, SB, SG, Semillon

19

What is Bouchet?

Merlot in St. Emilion in known as bouchet.

20

In what year did Chateau d’Yquem sell to LVMH?

1999

21

What year was the classification of St. Emilion? When has it been updated?

1954, it was revised in 1969, 1985, 1996, 2006, 2012

22

What are the St. Emilion satellites?

St. Georges - least exciting
Montagne- largest
Lussac- northernmost
Puisseguin-

23

Where would you find the Isle and Barbanne rivers?

Pomerol. The Dordogne river also runs through here.

24

Describe the difference of the cotes and the graves in St. Emilion

Cotes- limestone debris on a limestone base. All but 2 great growths are located on the cotes

Graves- gravel, less limestone and clay. Cheval Blanc and Figeac are here on the graves

Sables Anciens- old weathered sand- no gravel on a base of limestone. No first growths here.

25

How many first growths or premiers crus are there in Sauternes?

11

26

What are the best vintages in Sauternes in the 1980s? Worst?

1983, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1989 were the best
1984 was the worst.

27

What are the best Sauternes vintages in the 1970s?

1971, 1975, 1976

28

What are the best Sauternes vintages of the 1990s? Worst?

1990, 1997 were the best
1991-1994 were the worst

29

Name the classification of the following:
Chateau Caillou
Chateau Coutet
Chateau Climens
Chateau Broustet

Chateau Caillou- Duxiemes Cru
Chateau Coutet- Premier Cru
Chateau Climens- Premier Cru
Chateau Broustet- Duxiemes Cru

30

What are the Premiers Crus that are not located in Bommes?

Chateau Suideraut is located in Priegnac
Chateau Climens and Coutet are in Barsac
Chateau Rieussec is in Fargues

31

What are the wine styles allowed in Graves de Vayres?

Rouge and Blanc Sec.

32

Soil type of Entre-deluxe-Mers

Loamy and some gravel and limestone

33

What is the soil type is in Sauternes?

Gravelly and heavy clay

34

What are the outstanding Bordeaux vintages for dry wines pre 1970?

1961
1959
1949
1947
1945
1929
1928
1900

35

What was the most successful vintage of the 1970s?

1970

36

What are the most successful vintages on the right bank since 2000?

2016, 2016, 2010, 2009, 2005

37

Name the second wine for the following:
Cos d’Estournel
Chateau Montrose
Chateau Lafon-Rochet

Les Pagodes de Cos
La Dame du Montrose
Les Pelerines de Lafon-Rocket

38

Name the second wines for the following:
Haut Brion
Chateau Duhart-Milon-Rothschild
Chateau Pedesclaux

Le Clarence du Haut Brion
Moulin de Duhart
Fleurieu de Pedesclaux

39

Second wines of:
Chateau Leoville-Barton
Chateau Talbot
Chateau Langoa-Barton
Chateau Branair-Ducru

Reserve Leoville-Barton
Connetable de Talbot
Chateau Lady Langoa
Chateau Duluc

40

Name three classified Chateau in Haut-Medoc

La Lagune
La Tour Carnet
Belgrave
Camensac
Cantemerle
Sociando-Mallet

41

What is the second wine of:
Chateau Ausone
Cheval Blanc
Angelus
Pavie

Chapel Le d’Ausone
Le Petite Cheval
Carillon d’Angelus
Esprit de Pavie

42

Second wines of the following:
Chateau Trotanoy
Chateau La Conseillante
Chateau Lafleur

Esperanza de Trotanoy
Duo de Conseillante
Pensees de Lafleur

43

Name as many Duxiemes crus as possible

There are 15 total:
de Myrat- Barsac
Daisy-Daene- Barsac
Daisy Dubroca-Barsac
Doisy Vendrines-Barsac
D’Arche- Sauternes
Filhot- Sauternes
Broustet- Barsa
Nairac- Barsac
Caillou- Barsac
De Malle- Preignac
Romer- Fargues
Romer de Hayot- Sauternes
Lamothe- Sauternes
Lamothe-Guignard- Sauternes


44

Name as many premier crus of Sauternes as possible- there are 11

La Tour Blanche- Bommes
Lafaurie-Peyraguey- Bommes
Clos Haut-Peragyeuy- Bommes
de Raven-Vigneau- Bommes
Suideraut- Preignac
Coutet- Barsac
Climens- Barsac
Guiraud- Sauternes
Rabaul Proimis- Bommes
Signals-Rabaud- Bommes

45

What are the wards of the Cape Town district?

Constantia
Durbanville
Hout Bay
Philadelphia

46

What are the three regions that make up the Boberg region?

Paarl
Franschhoek Valley
Wellington
Tulbagh

All can produce fortified wines under the Boberg name

47

Walker Bay is most known for which varietals?

Chardonnay and Pinot Noir

48

What are the major geographic influences of the Franschhoek Valley?

The valley is enclosed by three sides by mountains: Groot Drakenstein, Franschhoek, Klein Drakenstein and Simonsberg

49

Where in South Africa is the largest producing area with the most vineyard land?

Worcester within the Beede River Valley

50

What is the southernmost point in South Africa? Which ocean does it touch?

Cape Agulhas which touches the Indian Ocean and also Walker Bay

51

What are the districts of the Western Cape region?

Olifants River
Cape South Coast Region
Breede River Valley
Coastal Region
Klein Karoo

52

What are the districts of Breede River Valley? 3

Breedekloof
Robertson
Worcester

53

In which region/district is the KWV Brandy Cellar located?

In Worcester within the Breede River Valley

54

What are the districts of the Cape South Coast region? 6

Cape Agulhas
Elgin
Overberg
Plettenberg Bay
Swelledam
Walker Bay

55

What are the wards of Walker Bay?

Walker Bay is within the Cape South Coast region. The wards are:
Bot River
Hemel-en-Aarde Ridge
Hemel-en-Aarde Valley
Sunday’s Glen
Upper Hemel-en-Aarde Valley
Stanford Foothills

56

What are the mountains in the Stellenbosch region?

SStellenbosch
Helderbereg
Simonsberg

57

Which region in South Africa is known as “the Black Land”

Swartland

58

What are the 2 districts of Klein Karoo? What style of wine is most common in this region?

Calitzdorp
Langenberg-Garcia

Sweet wines and port style wines and brandies are most common here.

59

What is the soil type in Swartland?

Malmsebury Shale

60

What are the districts of Olifants River?

Lutzville Valley
Citrusdale Valley
Citrusdale Mountain

61

Where would you find St. Helena Bay?

Off the coast of Olifants River in the Western Cape

62

When was Cape Town founded?? By whom?

Founded in 1655 by Jan Van Riebeck

63

When was Constantia founded?

1685

64

When was the first Neiderberg Wine Auction?

1975

65

When was apartide repealed in South Africa?

1994

66

What do the terms “Amakuchi, and karakuchi” mean on a bottle of sake?

Amakuchi means sweet
Karakuchi means dry

67

What does genshu mean?

Undiluted sake- No additional water added.

68

What is the term for a cloudy sake, or sake that is bottled with it’s lees?

Nigori or nogorizake

69

What is Akazake?

Red sake- using red rice varieties

70

What is zenkoji?

Sake made from 100% koji and no steamed rice in the production process.

71

What are the grapes used in Marsala production??

Grillo, Catarratto, Inzolia, Damaschino for Ambra and oro styles
Perricone, Calabrese, Nerello Mascalese for Rubino Wines

72

What white grapes are permitted in port production?

Semillon, Arinto, Cercial, Gouveio, Malvasia Fina, Moscatel Gallegos Branco, Rabbigato, Sercial, Verdelho, Voisino, Vital, Sitia, Folgazao

73

What are the authorized grapes for red port production?

Aragonez, Bastardo, Castelao, Cornifesto, Donzelinho Tinto, Malvasia Preta, Marufo, Rueter, Tinto Barroca, Touriga National, Trincadeira

74

What style of wine is produced n Coteau de Die?

Still white from 100% Clairette. 10.5% alcohol, max 6g/l

75

What are the permitted grapes and aging requirements for Cremant de Die?

Vin Mousseaux Blanc
Clairette plus muscat and Aligote. No more than 10% muscat allowed. Manual harvesting. 9 months on the lees, released after 12 months.

76

What is the name of the river closest to the Coteau de Die AOP?

The Drome River

77

What are the wine styles and grapes permitted in St. Peray?

Blanc & Mousseaux
10.5% alcohol
Marsanne/Roussanne
Mousseaux wines are released 12 months after the date of tirage, no minimum lees time.

78

Describe the wine style in Chatillon-en-Dois?

Blanc, Rose, Rouge
This is south of St. Peray next to Coteau de Die
Blanc: Chardonnay and Aligote
Rouge and Rose are 60% Gamay plus Pinot and Syrah
50hl/ha

79

Name some of the lieu-dits of Cornas

Reynard
Chaillot
La Cote
Les Mazards
Thezier
Le Pigeonnier
La Geynale
Cayret
Sauman
Champelrose
Lessaveaux-Nord & Sud
Les Cotes
Patou
Jouyet
St. Pierre

80

What is the minimum alcohol for Condrieu?

11.5%

81

What are the AOPs of the Northern Rhone that can produce white wines?

Condrieu
Chateau Grillet
Saint Peray
Chatillon-en-Diois
Clairette de Die
Hermitage
Saint Joseph
Coteau de Die
Cremant de Die

82

What are the rules for Clairette de Die AOP?

Styles permitted are Mousseaux & Methode Dioise Ancestrale
Mousseaux: Clairette, 3.5 atmospheres, 9 months on the lees and 15g/k
Methode Dioise: 75% Muscat, 35g/l 4 months on the lees and 3 atmospheres

83

Describe the difference in soil types of Cote Blonde and Cote Brune?

Cote Blonde is Gneiss
Cote Brune is mica and schist

84

What are the communes of Hermitage?

Tain-l’Hermitage
Crozes-Hermitage Hermitage
Larnage

85

What are the major lieu-dits of Hermitage?

L’Hermite
Les Grandes Vignes
Varogne
Les Vercandieres
Les
Bessards
Les Diognieres
Les Beaune
Le Meal
Les Murets
La Croix
Peleat
Les Recoules
Les
Greffieux
L’Homme
Madison Blanche
La Pierelle
Torres et les Garrennes

86

What is the most important lieu-dit of St. Joseph?

Les Roys is the most important, it is close to the Argentine stream.

87

What is the major soil type found in Condrieu?

Arzelles soils which is decomposed granite.

88

Where is Cabardes AOP and what wine styles do they produce there?

Cabardes is in the Western Languedoc and they are permitted to produce rouge and rose wines.
40% combined Cabernet, Merlot and 40% combined Grenache and Syrah. Mediterranean and Bordeaux varietals here.

89

What is the AOP within Corbieres that was created specifically for red wines?

Corbieres Boutenac in 2005. 70% Grenache, Mourvèdre and Carignan. 2 months bottle age. Manual harvest.