2018 MS Theory Review Flashcards Preview

2018 MS > 2018 MS Theory Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2018 MS Theory Review Deck (230):
1

Name the two valleys that make up the Atacama region

Copiapo and Valle de Huasca

2

How many villages can append their names to Coteau du Layon and what are they?

There are 7 total villages that can append their name.
Chaume 1er cru
Fay d’Anjou
Rochefort-Sur-Layon
Rablay-Sur-Layon
Beaulieu-Sur-Layon
Auburn de Luigne
St. Lambert du Lattay

3

What type of wine is Chignin-Bergeron and where would it come from?

From Savoie- it’s a white wine from Roussanne

4

What are the DOPs of Terras do Dao?

Lafoes and Dao are the two DOPs of the Terras do Dao

5

What is shinpaku?

The starchy heart of the rice used in sake production

6

What are the subregions of Cognac? (5)

There are 5 subregions
Grand Champagne
Petite Champagne
Bon Bois
Fin Bois
Bois Ordinaires

7

What are some of the most recent villages that have been upgraded from Cote-du-Rhone villages? How many total are there?

Currently there are 20. Cairanne was the most recent upgrade in 2016. Before that was Duche d’Uzes in 2013 and Vinsobres in 2006. Vacqueyras and Gigondas in 1971.

8

Kaefferkopf was the first or last Alsace Grand Cru? Allows for blends dominated by which grape?

It was the last grand cru in 2007. Allows blends based on Gewurtztraminer 60-80%. Varietal wines must be 100% of the stated variety (same for all grand crus).

9

How much Sangiovese is mandated for Chianti Classico?

80-100% Sangiovese which is more than the 70% minimum for regular Chianti.

10

Name the grand cru villages that are for Chardonnay only and Pinot Noir only.

Chouilly
Tous-Sur-Marne

11

Best Vouvray vintages since 2000, and worst?

2006 was very hot and 2011 very rainy so both bad. 2015 is considered the vintage of the century.

12

What is France’s only AOP for Vermouth?

Chambery AOP is in the Savoie region. Dolin is the most famous producer here. Chambery is produced by taking base wines from the Midi and treating them with herbs and plants. It is then combined with plant-derived alcohol to create the final blend.

13

What are the three subregions of the Maule Valley?

Valle de Claro, Valle de Tutuven, Valle del Loncomilla

14

In what region would you find the Choapa Valley?

Coquimbo Valley in Chile

15

Name two premier cru vineyards in Montagne de Reims, Cote de Blancs and Valle de la Marne

Montagne: Bezanes, Villers am Nodes, Les Mesneux, Reilly-la-Montagne, Chigny-Les Roses, Ludes, Beaumont-Sur-Vesle, Villers-Marmery, Trepail, Billy-Le-Grand, Vaudemanges, Tauxieres Mutry, Avernay Val d’Or, Louvois

Cote de Blancs: Cui’s, Grauves, Villeneuve-Renneville Chevigny, Volpreux, Vertus, Bergeron-les-Vertus, Etrechy, Colingy

Valle de la Marne: Cumiers, Vrigny, Pierry, Mareuil-Sur-Ay, Bisseuil,

16

What year were the boundaries of the Douro appellation formerly put into place? By whom?

1756 by the Campania Gerel dos Vinho do Alto Douro (Douro Wine Company)

17

Best Vouvray vintages since 2000, and worst?

2006 was very hot and 2011 very rainy so both bad. 2015 is considered the vintage of the century.

18

What is France’s only AOP for Vermouth?

Chambery AOP is in the Savoie region. Dolin is the most famous producer here. Chambery is produced by taking base wines from the Midi and treating them with herbs and plants. It is then combined with plant-derived alcohol to create the final blend.

19

What are the three subregions of the Maule Valley?

Valle de Claro, Valle de Tutuven, Valle del Loncomilla

20

In what region would you find the Choapa Valley?

Coquimbo Valley in Chile

21

Name two premier cru vineyards in Montagne de Reims, Cote de Blancs and Valle de la Marne

Montagne: Bezanes, Villers am Nodes, Les Mesneux, Reilly-la-Montagne, Chigny-Les Roses, Ludes, Beaumont-Sur-Vesle, Villers-Marmery, Trepail, Billy-Le-Grand, Vaudemanges, Tauxieres Mutry, Avernay Val d’Or, Louvois

Cote de Blancs: Cui’s, Grauves, Villeneuve-Renneville Chevigny, Volpreux, Vertus, Bergeron-les-Vertus, Etrechy, Colingy

Valle de la Marne: Cumiers, Vrigny, Pierry, Mareuil-Sur-Ay, Bisseuil,

22

What year were the boundaries of the Douro appellation formerly put into place? By whom?

1756 by the Campania Gerel dos Vinho do Alto Douro (Douro Wine Company)

23

What is Coteaux Bourguignons?

An AOP created that allowed the inclusion of other grapes besides Chardonnay and Pinot Noir, namely Gamay.

24

Name the 4 lieut dits of the Bourgogne AOP?

La Chapelle Notre DAme
Le Chapitre
Montrecul
Cote Saint-Jacques

25

What is Bourgogne Mousseaux AOP?

A rare AOP for traditional method sparkling reds

26

Name the 2 lieu dits of Montmains

Forest/Forest
Butteaux

27

What is the largest Grand Cru in Chablis?

Les Clos

28

What is the capacity of a Burgundy piece?

228L

29

Name all the grand crus of Morey St. Denis and which ones are monopoles?

Clos St. Denis
Clos des Lambrays
Bonnes Mares
Clos du Tart (monopole)
Clos de la Roche

30

Who owns La Romanee?

Comte Liger Belair

31

Who owns La Grand Rue?

Domaine Francois Lamarche

32

Who made Cros Parantoux 1er cru famous? Name a producer who now makes this.

Henri Jayer- Emmanuel Rouget now makes this also

33

What is the smallest white grand cru?

Criots -Batard Montrachet-

34

What is Cocteau Bourguignons?

An AOP created that allowed the inclusion of other grapes besides Chardonnay and Pinot Noir, namely Gamay.

35

Name the 4 lieut dits of the Bourgogn AOP?

La Chapelle Notre DAme
Le Chapitre
Montrecul
Cote Saint-Jacques

36

What is Bourgogne Mousseaux AOP?

A rare AOP for traditional method sparkling reds

37

Name the 2 lieu dits of Montmains

Forest/Forest
Butteaux

38

What is the largest Grand Cru in Chablis?

Les Clos

39

What is the capacity of a Burgundy piece?

228L

40

Name all the grand crus of Morey St. Denis and which ones are monopoles?

Clos St. Denis
Clos des Lambrays
Bonnes Mares
Clos du Tart (monopole)
Clos de la Roche

41

Who owns La Romanee?

Comte Liger Belair

42

Who owns La Grand Rue?

Domaine Francois Lamarche

43

Who made Cros Parantoux 1er cru famous? Name a producer who now makes this.

Henri Jayer- Emmanuel Rouget now makes this also

44

What is the smallest white grand cru?

Cri Rouge and rose- was upgraded to AOP in 2017f

45

Describe the soils of northern and southern Beaujolais?

Granite slopes in the north, clay and limestone in the south.

46

Name the 11 communes of the Barolo region- north to south

Verduno
Roddi
La Morra (tortonian)
Grinzane Cavour
Cherasco (smallest)
Castiglione Faletto
Diano d’Alba
Serralunga d’Alba (serravallien)
Barolo (tortonian)
Novello
Montforte d’Alba (serravallien)

47

What are the two rivers in the Langhe region?

The Po River and the Tanaro River which runs right between Roero and Barolo.

48

Which of the subregions of the Pais Vascos touches the Bay of Biscay?

Getariako Txakolina
Bizkaiko Txakolina

Arabako is inland

49

What was the first DO Pago?

Dominio de Valdepusa in La Mancha

50

What are the subregions of Hawke’s Bay?

Esk Valley
Darmoor Valley
Gimlett Gravels
Havelock North
Bridge Pa Triangle

51

Name the grand cru villages of the Montagne de Reims.

Sillery
Puiseux
Mailly-Champagne
Verzenay
Verzy
Bouzy
Ambonnay
Louvois

52

Name as many premier cru villages of Montagne de Reims as possible:

Ecuil
Sacy
Villers au Noeuds
Bezanes
Les Mesneux
Villers Allerand
Reilly-La-Montagne
Chigny-Les-Roses
Ludes
Coulombs-la-Montagne
Les Mesneux
Beaumont-sur-Vesle
Villers-Marmery
Trepail
Billy-le-Grand
Vaudemanges
Louvois
Tauxieres Mutry
Ave nay Val d’Or

53

What wine style would you find in Graves de Vayres AOP?

Rouge and Blanc sec

54

Where are Chateau Latour and Chateau Lafite located specifically in Pauillac?

Lafite and Duhart are both on the St. Estephe side while Latour is on the border of St. Julien.

55

What is the minimum RS for Loupiac?

45 g/l- Blannc liquoreaux style. Must be hand harvested in tries 40hl/ha.

56

What are some premier cru vineyards of the Valle de la Marne?

Hautvillers
Dizy
Cumieres
Ay
Mutigny
Mareuil-Sur-Ay
Bisseuil

57

please list the sweetness levels permitted for Champagne

Brut Nature- under 3g/l
Extra Brut- 0-6
Brut- up to 12
Extra dry- 12-17
Sec- 17-32
Demi-sec- 32-50
Doux 50g/l and up

58

What does RC stand for on a Champagne bottle?

Recolant-cooperateur: a grower selling wine made by a co-op

59

What are the premier cru villages of the Cote des Blancs?

Cuis
Grauves
Villeneuve-Renneville Chevigny
Vertus
Volpreux
Bergeres-les-Vertus
Etrechy
Colingy

60

What countries does the Mosel Valley border?

Luxembourg, Belgium

61

Which is the southernmost anbaugabiet of Germany?

Baden

62

True or false, the Rhein river runs through Baden

True

63

Where would you find the Coteaux du Morin?

In the Champagne region next to the Cote de Sezanne- just south of the Cote des Blancs. The village of Congy is here and Ulysses Colin produces a wine from here.

64

What is the term for old vines in Austria??

Alta Reben

65

What do the terms Shaumwein and Perlwein indicate?

Both are terms used for Austrian sparkling wine. Perlwein is a minimum of 9% alcohol and is 1-2.5 ATM. Can be sparkling from any method including carbonation. Shaumwein is sparkling at 8.5% alcohol and 3 atmospheres of pressure.

66

What is strohwein? What are the requirements for this?

Strohwein is from Austria and is a sweet wine made from dried grapes. Grapes must be dried for three months, without any sussresereve or capitalization (illegal). Minimum 25 degrees KMW

67

What is the minimum must weight for Eiswein in Germany? Minimum alcohol?

110-125
Alcohol of 5.5%

68

What are the requirements for British Columbia VQA certified liqueur wines?

Styles permitted: Icewine, late harvest wine, select late harvest wine, special late harvest wine, vin de cure wine

Liqueur wine requirements:
May not be fortified
Dry- max 30g/l
Medium dry- 30-65g/l
Sweet- 65g/l and up

Icewine must come from Vitis Vinifera or Vidal Blanc and must be naturally frozen at -8 C, no Cryo-extraction. Fortified and liqueur wines do not need to be vintage dated. 85% varietal. Minimum RS for Icewine is 100g/l

69

How does Ontario liqueur wines differ from British Columbia?

Sussreserve is permitted at a max of 15%. The minimum RS is also higher at 125g/l

70

Describe Commandaria and how is is made?

Commandaria is a sweet wine from Cyprus. It is made from sun dried grapes (Mavro and Xynisteri). It may be fortified but this is not mandatory. It is aged for four years in oak barrels.

71

What is slamno vino?

It is the Slovenian term for dried grape wine

72

What are the terms for late harvest Slovenian wines?

Terms include the following:
Ponza- 91 degrees oechsle
Izbor-102 degrees
Jagodni icbor- 127
Suhi jagodni izbor- 154
Ledeno (Icewine)- 127

73

What is the minimum must weight for TBA wines in Germany?

150-154

74

What is the minimum RS for Aszu wines?

Minimum 120g/l

75

What is Jegbor?

Hungarian term for Icewine- can be made in red or white styles.

76

What does the term “Kesoi Szuretelesu” mean?

It’s the Hungarian term for late harvest wines.

77

What changed as of 2014 in regards to wines produced in the Tokaj region?

As of 2014 enrichment, sweetening and bottling outside of the Tokaj PDO was banned for all wine styles- previously it was just for the sweeter styles of wine.

78

What does pezsgo mean?

Sparkling wine in Hungary.

79

Which styles have the highest required KMW of the following:
Eswein
Strohwein
Ausbruch
TBA

Ausbruch and TBA are both 30 KMW while Eiswein and Strohwein only are at 25 KMW

80

In which year was Y’quem not produced?

2012
1992
1974
1972
1964
1951
1930
1915
1910

81

What is the sole DOCG of Abruzzo?

Montepulciano d’Abruzzo Coline Termane DOCG
Rosso and Rosso Riserva- 2 years in oak or chestnut and 6 months in a bottle. Riserva is 3 years with one in oak and 6 months in a bottle.

82

What are the DOCGs of the Marche?

Conero DOCG/ riserva (Montepulciano)

Vernaccia di Serrapetrona DOCG 0 85% vernaccia, min 40% dried grapes used. Rosso Spumante

Offida DOCG- Bianco/Rosso- rosso is aged 12 months in wood, 24 months total

Verdiccio de Matelica Riserva DOCG- 85% Veredicchio
Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG- 85% Verdicchio

83

When was the Italian IGTs first created?

1963- Veneto was #1, Puglia was #2

84

What were the first DOCs to be upgraded to DOCG?

Barolo, Brunello and Vino Nobile were all upgraded in 1980

85

What are the three DOCGs of Lazio?

Cannellino di Frascati DOCG- Bianco late harvest
Cesanese del Piglio DOCG- rosso normal/superiore/riserva
Frascati Superiore DOCG- Bianco superiore normale and riserva (Malvasia, Bombino bianco)

86

What are some of the requirements for VIGNO wines-

Vignadores de Carignan
Created to preserve old vine Carignan in Maule
-deliminated geographic area
Dry farmed vines which are 30 years and older
65% Carignan
Aged 2 years

87

Describe the 2017 vintage in Chile

Damaging fires. Overall it was a warm year with jammy reds.

88

Name some cool vintages in Chile since 2000

2013
2012
2011
2010

89

Best Chilean vintages since 2000

2003, 2005, 2009, 2014 (frost loss but good quality)

90

What was the first winery in Chile?

Vina Ochagavia

91

Where would you find the Tinguirica River?

In Chile in Apalta

92

What are the two subregions of the Cotes des Bar?

Divided into the Barsequanais, and the Bar-Sur-Aubois

93

Two most noteable producers of the the Cotes des Bar?

Cedric Bouchard and Vouette & Sorbe

94

What is the most planted grape in the Cote de Sezanne?

Chardonnay

95

Major producer in Montgueux?

Lassaigne - Clos Sainte-Sophie is his best parcel. Produces Colline Inspiree and Le Cotet blanc de Blancs

96

What is the soil type in the Cotes des Bar?

Kimmeridgean marl from the Jurassic period and some portlandian as well. Same soil type as Chablis which is a Chardonnay area while cotes des bars was planted primarily Pinot noir.

97

What is “blanc vrai?”

Local name for Pinot Blanc in the Aube

98

Who makes La Boloree?

Roses de Jeanne- 100% Pinot Blanc Champagne grown on chalk soils in the Cotes des Bar

99

When was ruinart founded?

1729

100

Who were the first to dig cellars in Champagne?

Chanoine in 1730

101

When was Taittinger founded?

1734 as Forest-Fourneaux- because known as Taittinger since 1931.

102

When was Moet founded?

1743

103

When was Cliquot founded?

1772- Barbe0 Nicole Ponsardin took over in 1805

104

Port vintages declared in the 1990s and which were the best years?

1991, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1997

The best years were 1994 and 1997

105

What were the declared port vintages of the 1980s? Which were the best and worst years?

1980, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1987

1985 was the best year. 1984 was a terrible year here. 1980 was not an amazing year either.

106

Declared port vintages of the 1970s

1970, 1975, 1977, 1978

1977 was the best, 1970 was exceptional quality also.

107

Declared port vintages of the 1960s

1960
1963- classic
1966
1967

108

Declared port vintages of the 1950s

1950, 1955, 1958

109

Declared port vintages of the 1940s

1942
1945- classic vintage
1947- exceptional quality

110

Declared port vintages of the 1930s

1931- one of the best of the century along with 1927
1934
1935

111

Declared port vintages of the 1920s

1920
1922
1924
1927- one of the best of the century

112

Declared port vintages 1900-1920

1900
1904
1908
1911
1912- classic
1917

113

Where is Porto Santo?

It is in the Madeira archipelago- it is the only other island that is allowed to produce Madeira.

114

What is a socalcos?

A traditional narrow terrace in the Douro

115

What is Vinos ao Alta?

The vertical rows going up the hill in the Douro- rather than terrace. This is not commonly used anymore.

116

What are Poios?

Stone terraces on the island of Madeira.

117

Define latadas and levadas

Both are on the island of Madeira. Latadas are low trellises- levadas are the canals that drain the rainwater down the hills.

118

What is the regulatory board of Madeira wines?

The IVBAM- the Wine, Embroidery and Handicraft Institute regulates the Madeira wine laws.

119

When did Phylloxera come to Madeira?

1872

120

What does “Colheita” mean on a bottle of Madeira?

Aged for a minimum of 5 years and made from a single varietal (85%)

121

What does “Seleccionado” indicate on a bottle of Madeira?

It is a blended wine of 3 years old minimum. Made in the estufagem and usually Tina Negra grape.

122

What does “Reserve” indicate on a bottle of Madeira?

The wine is 5 years or older but not older than 15 years. Often made with a single variety in the. Canteiro method.

123

When did Sherry become an appellation?

1933

124

Where would you find the Guadalquivir & Guadalete Rivers?

In Jerez

125

What are some of the most well known Pagos in Jerez?

Macharnudo is the largest, and then Anina and Carrascal are the other two best known.

126

What is the press yield for Sherry?

72.5l may be pressed from 100kg of grapes

127

What is “primera yema?”

Primera yema is 60-70% of the total press, usually mostly free-run juice.

128

What is “mosto prensa?”

It is the last part of the sherry pressing and the worst quality. Used for distilling.

129

What is “Segunda yema?”

This is the press wine

130

What is listan?

Another name for Palamino in Jerez

131

What are the names of the two winds that affect the Jerez area and help to create the flor?

The Levant wind comes from the east and is very hot. The Poniente wind comes from the Atlantic.

132

What is “sobretablas?”

It is the intermediary stage in the aging of sherry where the wine’s evolution can be re-directed and classified a second time.

133

What law changed in 2010 in Jerez?

The minimum aging time in Solera went from three years to two years.

134

Name all the styles of generoso wines

Fino, Amontillado, Oloroso, Paolo Cortado
Manzanilla fina, Manzanilla Pasada, Manzanilla olorosa

135

What was added to the labeling laws in Sherry in the year 2000?

The VOS and VORS categories

136

What are the rules for VOS and VORS in Jerez?

VOS- 20 years average age. For every 1 liter removed 20 liters must remain
VORS- aged 30 years- for every 30 liters remaining 1 liter may be drawn

137

Who made the first Marsala wine and when?

John Woodhouse in 1773

138

What styles are permitted in Marsala? From what grapes?

Ambra, oro and Rubino
Ambra and oro: Grillo, Inzolia, Damaschino
Rubino: Perricone, Calabrese, Nerello Mascalese

139

What is the minimum RS for Secco Marsala? How about for Semiseco and dolce?

Secco: 40g/l
Semisecco: 40-100
Dulce: 100g/l

140

What are the aging requirements for Marsala?

Fine: 1 year on cask
Superiore: 2 years
Superiore Riserva: 4 years
Vergine: 5 years
Vergine Stravecchio- 10 years

141

What is Mosto Cotto?

Cooked must that is added to Marsala to sweeten and fortify Marsala. The Sifone method is also used (mistelle produced by fortifying the unfermented must of grapes).

142

Name several premier crus of Puligny-Montrachet

There are 20 total:
Le Cailleret
Les Chalumaux
Champ Canet
Champs Gain
Clavaillon
Clos de la Garenne
Clos des Meix
Clos de la Mouchere
Les Combettes
Les Demoiselles
Ez Folatieres
La Garenne
Hameau de Blagny
La Jacquelotte
Les Perrières
Les Pucelles
Les
Reverts
Sous le Courthil
Sous le Puits
La Truffiere

143

What are the GIs of British Columbia?

British Columbia GI
Fraser Valley GI
Gulf Islands GI
Okanagan GI
Similkameen Valley GI
Vancouver Island GI

144

What are the DO’s of the Canary Islands?

There are 5 on Tenerife and the rest are all on their own islands:
Tenerife: Ycoden-Daute-Isore, Abono, Valle de la Orotava, Tacoronte-Acentejo, Valle de Guimar

El Hierro
Gran Canaria
La Gomera
La Palma
Lanzarote

145

What are the five age categories for Malaga?

Palido- max 6 months
Malaga- 6-24 months
Malaga Noble- 2-3 years
Malaga Anejo- 3-5 years
Malaga Transanejo- minimum 5 years.

146

What are the subzones of the Niagara Peninsula?

Vinemount Ridge
Creek Shores
Lincoln Lakeshores

147

What are some premier crus of Meursault?

Les Boucheres
Les Caillerets
Les Charmes
Les Cras
Les Genevrieres
Les Gouttes d’Or
Les Perrières
Les Plures
Santenots
Les Santenots Blancs
Les Santenots du Millieu
Sous Blagny
Sous le Dos d’Ane

148

What are the unofficial subregions of Tasmania?

Northern Tasmania:
Pipers River
Tamar Valley
North West Coast

Southern Tasmania:
Derwent Valley
Huon Valley
Coal River
The East Coast

149

Name the regions within the Port Philip Zone of Victoria

Geelong
Macedonia Ranges
Mornington Peninsula
Sunbury
Ybarra Valley

150

Where would you find the regions of King Valley, Glenrowan and Alpine Valleys?

In North East Victoria. Rutherglen and Beechworth are also in this area.

151

What are the GI’s of Greater Perth?

Peel
Perth Hills
Swan District- Swan Valley within

152

What are the subregions of the Limestone Coast?

Coonawara
Mount Benson
Padthaway
Robe
Wrattonbully
Mount Gambier

153

Where would you find the Shoalhaven Coast?

In New South Wales in the South Coast subzone

154

What are the two subregions of Umpqua?

Elkton and Red Hill Douglas County

155

What is the subzone of the Rouge Valley?

Applegate Valley

156

What are the four major solid types of the Willamette Valley?

Willakenzie (marine sediments)
Jory, Nekia (volcanic)
Laurelwood (loess)
Woodburn (Missoula Flood deposits)

157

In what AVA would you find the Bien Nacido Vineyard?

Santa Maria Valley within Santa Barbara County

158

Where would you find the Gabilan Mountains?

In Monterey - Santa Cruz Mountains

159

What are the 7 sub AVAs of Lodi?

Alta Mesa
Borden Ranch
Mokelumme River
Consumnes River
Jahant
Sloughhouse
Clements Hills

160

What are the AVAs of the Sierra Foothills?

Fair Play
El Dorado
Fiddletown
North Yuba
Shenandoah Valley

161

Where would you find the AVAs of Merrit Island and Capay Valley?

In the Central Valley of California

162

Where would you find the AVAs of Dunnigan Hills and Clarksburg?

Central Valley

163

Where would you find the Tidal Bay appellation?

Nova Scotia- since 2011

164

What are the GI’s of Quebec?

Eastern Townships
Monteregie
Ouest du-Quebec
Center-du-Quebec
EST-du-Quebec

165

What are the subregions of the Niagara Enscarpment?

Short Hills Bench
Beemsville Bench
Twenty Mile Bench

166

What is the main grape of Buceles?

75% Arinto- can produce Branco and Spumante styles. This is a region within Lisboa.

167

Wine styles/grapes permitted in Colares?

Branco and Tinto from Ramisco and Castelao grapes

168

Where would you find the region of Pamela? What are the permitted grapes?

Pamela is a DO within Peninsula de Setubal. Branco, Rosado, Tinto and Espumante, Licoroso styles. 66%
Castelao for red wines.

169

What are the aging requirements for LBV port?

LBV port must be aged in cast for 4 years and bottled the 6th year after harvest.

170

How long must a vintage port be aged before release?

may be bottled the 3rd year after harvest July 30th.

171

What does “Envelhicidio em Garrafa” mean on a bottle?

Port term for bottle matured

172

What does “Muito Velho” mean on a bottle of port?

Very old- aged 40 years or more

173

What are the crus of Cannubi?

There are 5:
Cannubi
Cannubi Moscatel
Cannubi San Lorenzo
Cannubi Valletta
Cannubi Boschis

174

What are the most important crus in the commune of Barolo?

Cannubi
Brunate
Bussia
Fossati
Cerequio
Liste

175

Name a few producers who make a Brunate?

Elio Altare, Borgogno, Ceretto, Vietti, Both Rinaldis, Oddero

176

Where would you find the crus of Fiasco, Monprivato, and Bricco Boschis?

Castiglione Faletto

177

Bricco Roche is an important cru in which commune of Barolo?

Castiglione Faletto

178

What is the most planted grape in Diano d’Alba?

Barbera

179

Where would you find the Cerequio vineyard?

Part is in Barolo and part is in Monforte d’Alba

180

The Brunate vineyard is shared between which two crus?

Barolo and Monforte d’Alba

181

Which is the largest cru in Monforte d’Alba?

Bricco San Pietro

182

What were the first two crus to be declared on labels in 1961?

Bussia and Roche di Castiglione

183

Where would you find the Ginestra cru?

Monforte d’Alba

184

Who is the owner of the Faletto vineyard?

Bruno Giacosa

185

What are the most important crus of Serralunga d’Alba?

Ceretta
San Rocco
Prapo
Falletto
Francia

186

In which commune would you find the Prapo vineyard?

Serralunga d’Alba

187

Which of the Barolo communes are known for their Tortonian soils?

La Mora and Barolo- Tortonian soil is calcareous marl

188

Serralunga d’Alba and Monforte d’Alba have which type of soil?

Serravallien soil which is sandstone

189

What are the major soil types of the Barolo region?

Tortonian (calcareous marl), and Serravalien (sandstone)

190

What is the Giacomo Conterno monopole and where is it located?

Cascina Francia in Serralunga d’Alba

191

What is jeripigo? Hanepoot?

Sweet wines from South Africa

192

Arzelles soil is found where?

In Condrieu

193

Gore soil is found where?

In Cornas

194

Best vintages of the Southern Rhone

1981, 1988, 1989

195

What were the worst vintages in the Southern Rhone?

1987, 1984

196

What were the best vintages of the Southern Rhone from the 1990s?

1990, 1995, 1998

197

Worst vintages in the Southern Rhone in the 1990s?

1991–1994, and also 1996

198

Which three major producers did not declare a Port vintage in 1977

Cockburn
Martinez and Quinta do Noval

199

What is the proposed 8th AVA of Willamette?

Van Duzer Corridor

200

What style of beer comes from Düsseldorf?

Altbeer

201

What is the difference between a wash still and a spirit still?

Wash still is the first distillation and the spirit still is the second?

202

Where would you find Genever?

Holland

203

What is moromi?

Koji plus rice plus yeast plus water

204

What is krausening?

The foam from fermenting beer, to corporate bottled beer or start a stuck fermentation.

205

What is lagering?

The process of bottom fermenting beer

206

What is the maximum amount of pear in Calvados Pays d’Auge?

Maximum 30%

207

What is nama chozo?

Pasteurized in the bottle

208

What is namazume?

Pasteurized in tank prior to bottling

209

Name some whiskey based liqueurs?

Drambueie
Southern Comfort
Irish Mist

210

What is the second distillation of Cognac called?

Bon Chauf- max alcohol is 72%

211

What are the requirements for an American spirit?

Must be at least 50% alcohol and must be stored in a licensed warehouse for two years?

212

What does SMV mean on a bottle of Sake?

Sake Value Meter?

213

What is the range on a Sake Value Meter?

The range goes from -20 to positive 20.

214

What is Krupnick?

Honey and herb flavored vodka from Poland

215

What is Sabra?

Chocolate orange liqueur from Israel

216

What is a feuillatte?

A smaller traditional barrel used in Chablis. Raveneau uses

217

What does the term “Vhrunsko” mean in Slovenian

It is the term for the Premium category of wine. Table wine is called “Namizno”

218

Which Grand Cru of the Montagne de Reims is known for Chardonnay over Pinot Noir?

Sillery

219

Where is goldriesling a specialty?

Sachsen

220

Where would a schillerwein and schielerwein be from?

Both are rotlings (Rosé) from Wurttemberg and Sachsen respectively

221

Which region of Australia is known for Tempranillo plantings?

Southern Highlands GI on the coast of New South Wales

222

Where would you find the Hunstruck Hills?

The Nahe

223

Which region is directly to the east the Nahe?

Rheinhessen

224

Which region is directly south of the Rheinhessen?

The Pfalz

225

Soil type for Muscadet Côtes de Grandlieu

Schist and granite

226

Soil type for basic Muscadet AOP

Primarily silt and sand

227

Why are the DOCGs of Veneto?

There are 14
Bardelino Superiore
Amarone Della Valpolicella
Reciotto Della Valpolicella
Conegliano-Valdobiadene Prosecco
Asolo Prosecco
Recioto di Soave
Soave Superiore
Recioto di Gambellera
Lison
Piave Malanotte
Colli Euganei Fior d’Arancio
Colli di Conegliano
friularo di Bagnoli
Montello Rossi

228

What are the names of the terraces in Greece?

Pazoules

229

What are the names of the terraces in Porto?

Socalcos, patmares, vino a alto

230

Where is the Dora Baltea river?

Valle d’Aosta