Mobility/Immobility & Activity/Exercise Flashcards Preview

Amy's Nursing 50B > Mobility/Immobility & Activity/Exercise > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mobility/Immobility & Activity/Exercise Deck (18):
0

Define Lordosis.

Increased curve of lumbar spine

1

Define Kyphosis.

Increased curve of thoracic spine

2

Define Scoliosis.

Lateral "S" or "C" shaped spinal column

3

Define footdrop.

Inability to dorsiflex and invert foot due to peroneal nerve damage

4

What are the main respiratory concerns due to immobility?

Atelectasis (collapse of alveoli) and hypostatic pneumonia (inflammation of the lung from stasis or pooling of secretions)

5

What is the purpose of ROM exercises & how often should they be done?

To reduce the risk of contractures and aid in preventing thrombi; should be done hourly while awake

6

Define CPM.

Continuous passive ROM machine; moves an extremity to a prescribed angle for a prescribed period of time

7

How often should you perform a respiratory assessment for patients with restricted activity?

Every 2 hours

8

Define isotonic contraction.

Active movement

9

Define isometric contraction.

Increase in muscle tension or muscle work but no shortening or active movement of muscle

10

How long does it take for pressure ulcers to develop?

3 hours

11

BR

Bed rest

12

BRP

Bathroom priveleges

13

BSC

bedside commode

14

OOB

Out of bed

15

PROM

Passive range of movement

16

TCDB

Turn cough deep breathe

17

What degree should a patient's elbow be flexed at when using crutches? What instrument is used to measure the degree?

30 degrees; goniometer