Mock Revision (Theme 2&3) Flashcards Preview

Business Studies - Theme 3 > Mock Revision (Theme 2&3) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mock Revision (Theme 2&3) Deck (68):
1

what are 5 problems with growth?

1. coordination and control
2. communication
3. motivation
4. internal politics
5. overtrading

2

what are 5 things that can be done to prevent overtrading?

1. invest in capital intensive systems
2. fully assess financial health (Gearing, ROCE, acid tests)
3. lease rather than buying equipment or use hire purchase
4. manage growth strategy carefully
5. manipulate receivables/ payables

3

what is the definition of overtrading?

when a business grows too quickly they may experience cash flow problems

4

what is the formula for productivity?

total output/ no. of employees

5

what is organic growth?

internal growth

6

what is inorganic growth?

external growth (using takeovers/ mergers)

7

what are some examples of growing using organic growth? (3)

1. open more stores
2. employee more staff
3. franchising

8

what are some examples of growing using inorganic growth? (3)

1. takeover
2. merger
3. acquisition

9

what is a takeover?

1 business purchases a controlling interest in another 50% + 1 share

10

what is a merger?

2 businesses agree to join to form a larger business

11

what is an acquisition?

a company buys most, if not all, of another firm's ownership stakes to assume control of it

12

what are 3 advantages of organic growth?

1. can control growth (so lowers the risk of overtrading)
2. easier to sustain culture
3. maintain quality

13

what are 3 disadvantages of organic growth?

1. can be slow - if competitors are growing fast you can lose market share
2. don't have financial buying power
3. could become introspective (can't see whats wrong with the business)

14

give 2 positives of takeovers?

1. quick and can have positive impact quickly
2. eliminate a competitor

15

give 2 negatives of takeovers?

1. conflicts can occur - hard to get cultural cohesion
2. resistance from staff

16

give 2 positives of mergers?

1. less resistance (synergies and expertise)
2. agree how control will work

17

give 2 negatives of mergers?

1. can cause confusion
2. duplicate roles - may have to reapply for job

18

what is the definition of growth?

increase in size/ status of a business

19

what are 4 benefits of growth?

1. increases profitability
2. gain market share
3. increase brand recognition
4. achieve economies of scale

20

what is economies of scale?

factors which cause the acpu to decrease as output increases

21

what is the definition of capacity utilisation?

outline to the extent to which assets and resources are being used in relation to the maximum possible output

22

capacity utilisation formula:

current capacity level/ total capacity x100

23

what are 3 issues with high capacity utilisation?

1. no spare capacity for repair/ maintenance
2. impact on staff - overworked/ stressed (could lead to high labour turnover)
3. may need to outsource

24

what are three issues with low capacity utilisation?

1. if demand increases there may not be enough stock
2. high waste
3. unit costs increase

25

what is the best thing about a merger?

synergies

26

what are three reasons business objectives are useful?

1. provides direction/ purpose
2. efficient allocation of resources
3. measure performance

27

what are corporate objectives?

objectives for the whole business

28

what are functional objectives?

objectives for each department/ function

29

what are the 8 categories of objectives? *

1. social objectives
2. employee welfare
3. survival
4. market share
5. cost efficiency
6. profit maximisation
7. sales maximisation
8. customer satisfaction

30

what are social objectives:

the business focuses on social/ environmental objectives

31

what is employee welfare objectives/?

considering impact of business activity on staff wellbeing - motivation, high retention, low absenteeism

32

what are survival objectives?

business sets a target to maximise resources to ensure survival

33

what are market share objectives?

increase the proportion of sales one business has in a market

34

what is cost efficiency objectives?

minimise costs is the sole focus

35

what is profit maximisation objectives?

many profits as quickly as possible

36

what is sales maximisation objectives?

many sales as quickly as possible

37

what are customer satisfaction objectives?

ensuring customers stay loyal

38

give 4 internal factors which influence whether or not objectives are fulfilled?

1. leadership
2. stage of lifecycle
3. leadership change
4. finances available

39

give 4 external factors which influence whether or not objectives are fulfilled?

1. competition
2. tastes/ trends
3. unforeseen events
4. economic climate

40

what is profit satisficing?

lifestyle business/ social enterprise

41

what is a stakeholder?

any individual/ organisation who has vested interest in the activities/ decision making of the business

42

what are the two types of stakeholders? and then give brief description:

1. internal. employed within the organisation/ invested in it
2. external. organisation outside the business

43

are shareholders long termist or short termist?

short termist

44

are stakeholders long termist or short termist?

long termist

45

what are often shareholders objectives? (3)

1. return on investments
2. share value increases
3. profit maximisation

46

what is the stakeholder approach to business?

where a business tries to satisfy as many different stakeholders as possible

47

what are 2 advantages to the shareholder approach to business?

1. quick return on investment
2. can secure additional investment in the form of share capital to fund expansion to get profit maximisation

48

what are 2 disadvantages to the shareholder approach to business?

1. hard to develop a customer base/ staff recruitment
2. short termist and could sell their shares rapidly

49

what are 2 advantages of a stakeholder approach to business?

1. more motivated workforce - staff welfare massively improves
2. customer loyalty

50

what are 2 disadvantages of a stakeholder approach to business?

1. long termist approach takes much longer
2. very costly

51

what 3 things do leaders do?

1. inspire staff
2. build relationships
3. take risks

52

what 3 things do managers do?

1. manage resources
2. official position of responsibility
3. delegate the work out

53

what are the four leadership styles?

1. authoritarian
2. paternalistic
3. democratic
4. laissez-faire

54

what leadership styles regard staff as a cost?

authoritarian

55

what leadership styles regard staff as an asset?

paternalistic
democratic
laissez-faire

56

What are 3 internal causes of change?

1. change in structure
2. change in leadership
3. moral/ change in staff wellbeing

57

what are 3 external causes of change?

1. economy changes
2. competitors actions
3. changes in tastes/ trends

58

what is a transformational leadership?

a leader who transforms the business which they work for

59

what are 5 features of strong cultures?

1. high morale
2. vision
3. communication effective
4. consistency
5. culture usually based around history/ tradition

60

what are 4 features of weak cultures?

1. poor HR performance
2. diseconomies of scale
3. confusion from staff - demotivation
4. very bureaucratic and lack flexibility

61

what are hands four classes of culture?

power
role
person
task

62

what are 4 factors which influence a culture?

- CEOs
- normal routines
- type of business
- working practice/environment

63

what is a power culture? (4)

1. central figure who makes decisions
2. power is concentrated among a few
3. quick decisions are possible
4. few rules and procedures

64

what is the leadership style in a power culture?

autocratic leadership style

65

what is a role culture? (3)

- decisions are made through established roles and procedures
- power to make decisions comes from job title
- clearly delegated authorities

66

what is the leadership style in a role culture?

bureaucratic leadership

67

what is task culture? (4)

- the focus is a project which needs to be completed
- power comes from those who can accomplish the tasks and have the expertise
- involves teamwork on a project, team of experts working together
- no single power source

68

what is person culture? (4)

- grouping of similarly skilled people to share expertise and knowledge
- work on a client by client basis - not project by project
- people believe themselves superior to the business
- power lies in each group of individuals