Mod 4 Respiratory emergencies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Mod 4 Respiratory emergencies Deck (16):
1

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

-Progressively makes it hard to breathe. Blackening of the lungs.
-Common in Middle age or older.
-Common cause from smoking.
-Bronchiole lining inflamed and excess mucus.

2

Asthma

-Affects at irregular intervals.
-Airway swells produces excess mucus.
-Causes include insect stings, air pollution, infection, strenous exercise, emotional stress.

3

Pulmonary Edema

-Abnormal Accumulation of fluid in alveoli of lungs.
-Occurs when left side of heart is damaged.
-laying down= Fluid moves back into circulation.
-Administer O2 via CPAP.

4

Congestive Heart Failure

-Excessive fluid build up in the lungs due to inadequate pumping of the heart.
-Causes are from diseased heart values, Hypertension, obstructive pulmonary disease (Emphysema).

5

Pneumonia

-Caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi infecting the lungs.
-Signs and Symptoms include coughing, fever, chest pains, severe chills.
-Use CPAP

6

Spontaneous Pnemothorax

-Collapsed lung
-Sharp, pleuritic chest pain
-Tire easily
-Tachycardic
-Breathe fast
-Low oxygen saturation
-Cyanosis
-Administer O2 via CPAP.
-Common in tall thin people or smokers.

7

Pulmonary Embolism

-Blood clot, air, or fat in artery in the lungs
- Chest pains, shortness of breath, anxiety, cough, sweaty, pale, cyanotic skin.

8

Epiglottitis

-Infection that swells around or above the epiglottis.
-Sore throat, difficulty swallowing, stridor.
-Administer high concentration oxygen.

9

Cystic Fibrosis

-Causes thick sticky mucus in lungs.
-Genetic
-Appears in childhood
-Coughing large amounts of mucus or blood, Fatigue, abdominal pain and distension, nausea, weight loss.

10

Small Volume Nebulizer

- Produces a continuous flow of aerosolized medication that can be taken in during multiple breaths.
-Can cause increased heart rate, jitters, nervousness.

11

CPAP (Continuous positive airway pressure)

-Device blows oxygen continuously into a mask at low pressure providing positive pressure.

12

Inadequate VS adequate breathing

-Inadequate breathing is not sufficient to supporting life.
-Adequate breathing for adults 12-20 per min, child 15-30 per min, infant 25-50 per min.

13

Signs or respiratory problems in pediatrics

-Wheezing, Stridor, Grunting, Increased breathing, Nasal flaring, Pale or cyanotic lips or mouth.

14

Abnormal lung sounds

-Wheezes, Crackles, Rhonchi, Stridor

15

Deep vein thrombus (DVT)

-Blood clot that starts in leg or pelvis.

16

Inspiration VS Experation

-Inspiration is an active process where chest rises causing air flow to lungs. Causing a negative pressure (Inhalation)
-Expiration is a passive process that allows chest to relax (Exhalation)