Role of meninges
Covers the outside surface of the brain, offering protection
What are the three layers of meninges that cover the brain ? (The layers are the same as in the spinal cord)
Dura mater - outter layer
Arachnoid mater - middle layer
Pia mater - Clings tightly to the surface of the brain
What are the four chambers of the brain called?
What is the name of the clear colourless fluid bathing the brain and spinal cord, and what is its role?
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) - Acts as a cushion for the brain, and constantly flows through the CNS, providing nourishment and helping to remove metabolic wastes
How is cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) produced?
Formed from blood by the choroid plexus
What are the four major regions the brain is divided into?
Cerebrum, diencephalon, cerebellum, brainstem
What divides the cerebrum into right and left cerebral hemispheres?
A deep groove called longitudinal fissure
What connects the two hemispheres of the cerebrum?
What is the role of the gray matter within the cerebrum?
Play a role in the control of movement
Why are there surface folds on the brain?
Allow more gray matter to be packed into the small area of the skull
Your ability to think, remember, feel, use judgment, and move can be credited to the
What is the role of the frontal lobe?
Governs voluntary movements, memory, emotion, decision-making, reasoning and aggression
What is the role of the parietal lobe?
Receives and interprets bodily sensations, and proprioception (awareness of the body’s position)
What is the role of the temporal lobe?
Hearing, smell, learning, memory, emotional behavior, and visual recognition
What is the role of the insula?
Perception, motor control, self-awareness, and cognitive functioning
What is the role of the cerebellum?
Motor functions - balance, coordination, and posture
Sensory, cognitive, and emotional functions
A region deep inside the brain, the diencephalon consists of what 2 chief structures?
Thalamus and hypothalamus
In regards to what it’s responsible for, the right side of the brain’s is known as
The creative side
In regards to what it’s responsible for, the left side of the brain’s is known as
The analytical side