Mod D Tech 2 Introduction to the Body Tissues Flashcards Preview

Technician Course MOD D 2016 > Mod D Tech 2 Introduction to the Body Tissues > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mod D Tech 2 Introduction to the Body Tissues Deck (15):
1

The adult body is made up of approx:

37 trillion cells

206 bones

600 muscles

22 internal organs

2

Cell Structure

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Every cell in the human body must be supplied with-:

•OXYGEN - essential for efficient metabolism

•NUTRITION - carbohydrates, fats & protein plus vitamins and minerals

•WATER - the medium for all chemical activity within the body.

4

What are Tissues -

A combination of cells which function together to perform a specialised activity

5

Name the Tissues types-

 

 A combination of cells which function together to perform a specialised activity

4 types:

1.Epithelial

2.Connective

3.Nervous

4.Muscle

6

Tissues - Epithelial

What does Epitelial tissues do

Epithelium is a tissue made up of cells that line the cavities and surfaces of structures throughout the body.

Many glands are also formed from epithelial tissue.

In humans, epithelium is classified as a primary body tissue

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Tissues - Connective

what does Connective tissues do

Protects and supports the body & organs.

8

 Label diagram

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Tissue – Muscle – 3 Types

Name the 3 Types

1.Skeletal muscle or "voluntary muscle”

2.Smooth muscle or "involuntary muscle" is found within the walls of organs, it is not under conscious control.

3.Cardiac muscle is also an "involuntary muscle" but is more akin in structure to skeletal muscle, and is found only in the heart.

10

Tissue - Nervous

What does Nervous Tissue do and its compostion

Nervous tissue is the main component of the nervous system.

It is composed of neurons, which transmit impulses, and the neuroglia, which assist propagation of the nerve impulse as well as provide nutrients to the neuron

11

What are Organs

In biology and anatomy, an organ is a tissue that performs a specific function or group of functions within an organism.

12

What are the Major organ systems

1.Circulatory

2.Respiratory

3.Digestive

4.Excretory

5.Nervous

6.Endocrine

7.Reproductive

8. Musculoskeleta

13

Name Epithelial membranes :-

 

 

 

  • Mucous membranes
  • Serous membranes

 

14

Name Connective Tissue membranes :-

 

•Synovial membranes

•Meninges

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