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Flashcards in Module 0 Deck (33):
1

Axils

Arm pits

2

Brachium

Arm (biceps brachii)

3

Ante branchium

Forearm

4

Cubits

Anterior elbow region
E.g. cubical fossa median cubical vein

5

Bones of the Pectoral girdle

Clavicle + scapula
Joins upper limb to axial skeleton

6

Carpus

Wrist

7

Manus

Hand

8

Pollex

Thumb

9

Digiti minimi

Little fingers

10

Scapula

T1-2/T7
Two posterior fossa
Spine and acromiom
Costal subssacpular fossa
Lateral Glenoid fossa

11

Ligaments of pectoral muscle

Acromioclavicular ligament
Coracoclavicular ligament
Coracoacrominal ligament - stop dislocation

12

Common pectoral girdle injury

AC joint dislocation
Ligament rupture
Clavicle fracture
Impingement Syndrome

13

Weakest point of glenohumeral joint

Inferiorly - no tendon

14

Bursae of glenohumeral joint

Subscapular and subacromial

15

Area most likely to fracture on humerous

Surgical neck

16

Important glenohumeral stabilsers

Rotator cuff muscles
- Supraspinatus = initiates abduction
- infraspinatus
- teres minor

17

Common pathology of glenohumeral pathology

Shoulder dislocation
Humeral fracture - surgical head
Trauma
Nerve and artery damage

18

Articulation of elbow and superior radioulnar joint

Principle articulation = Hinge
Secondary articulation = Pronation /Supination

19

Muscles of supination

Bicep brachii

20

Muscles of pronation

Pronator quadralus
Pronator teres

21

Ligament binding the radius and ulna

Annular ligament

22

Ligaments of the elbow

Annular ligament
Collateral ligament
- Radial or ulna

23

Radial deviation in wrist

Abduction

24

Ulnar deviation in wrist

Adduction

25

Muscle composition of the anterior compartment

Flexors + pronators
flexor carpi radialus and ulnarus + longus and brevis

26

Muscle composition of the posterior compartment

Extensor + supination
- extensor carpi radialus and ulnarus
Radius n. = all extensor

27

Snuff box composition

Extensor pollicis longus
- can feel scaphoid and trapezius
- can feel radial a

28

Dorsal interossei

Abducts remember -DAB

29

Palmar interossei

Adducts remember PAD

30

Lumbricals

Flexs MCPs and extends PIP

31

Common pathology of wrist

Carpal tunnel
Radial fracture = Colles fracture (distal radial)
Scaphoid fracture
Bennett's fracture = base of 1st metacarpal joint
Arthritis and associated deformities
Tendon and nerve repair
Dupuytren's contracture

32

Nerve impairment of UL

Medial - Carpal tunnel
Radial - back of elbow
Axilla

33

Motor roles of nerves and their test

cris crossing fingers = ulnar nerve
making ok sign = median nerve
pointing gun sign = radial