Flashcards in Module 14- cleft, surgery, psychiatric disorders Deck (45):
What is the prevalence of cleft lip/palate?
Cleft lip occurs more frequently in ________ and cleft palate occurs more frequently in _______
When does a cleft lip/palate occur?
The lip forms between what weeks in utero?
Cleft lip becomes apparent by the end of the ______ month in utero?
The palate forms between what weeks in utero?
Cleft palate is evident by the end of the _____ month in utero?
Cleft lip and palate are caused by ______ ______ and _______ factors?
When is the significant time for the environment to influence the development of cleft lip and palate?
early in 1st trimester
what vitamins (if deficient) can play a role in cleft lip and palate
What is a class 1 cleft?
tip of uvula
What is a class 2 cleft?
A cleft of the soft and hard palates is a class?
A cleft of the soft palate only is a class?
C cleft that continues through the alveolar ridge on ONE side is a class?
A class ___ cleft is when the muscle union is imperfect across the soft palate
A cleft that continues through alveolar ridge on BOTH sides is a class?
A pt. with clefts has a greater chance of what characteristics related to the teeth?
Missing teeth in pts. with clefts are usually presented on what side of the mouth?
the side the cleft is on
An open palate provides direct communication with the ______ ____?
A cleft lip makes it difficult for a child to?
Cleft lip/palate or both are features of over _____ other disorders?
A pt. with cleft lip/palate will have a deficiency of the _______ lip? It is usually short and ______?
Cleft lip/palate pts. have a predisposition towards ______ respiratory and _____ ear infections?
What is a common speech problem seen in a patient with clefts?
What are the 2 common appliances used in cleft patients?
speech Aid prostheses
An _______ is a removable device to close the palatal opening?
A speech aid prosthesis is _______ and is used to complete the ______ _______ required for speech?
Orthodontic treatment may begin as early as ____ yrs. old?
What is the rule of 10's with cleft lip surgery?
10 wks old
10mg/ml hemoglobin count
The main purpose of early surgical treatment of a cleft is to help with ______ closure of the palate?
Primary surgery to fix a cleft lip is at what age?
Primary surgery to close a cleft palate is done at what age?
18 mo or earlier
Pts with clefts are known to be "______ _____"
Why is halitosis a problem for pts. with clefts?
due to mucous from nasal cavity entering the mouth
biofilm accumulation on prostheses
After a pre-surgery scaling appointment you would instruct a pt. to rinse with?
chlorhexidine for tissue conditioning
What vitamins are essential in promoting healing after oral surgeries?
A, C, riboflavin
Having a cleaning before oral surgery may make it less likely for ______ _____ post surgically?
Having a cleaning before oral surgery may make improve the ______ of tissues and lessen the ________ at time of surgery?
Irrigation should be performed for how long after oral surgery?
first few days
What type of mouth-rinses are used for irrigation following oral surgery?
Is a cleaning carried out on a patient who is undergoing an acute exacerbation of schizophrenia?
What is tardive dyskinesia?
involuntary movements of mouth, lips, tongue, jaws
When would you see a pt. with tardive dyskinesia?
long term antipsychotic meds (schizophrenia)