Module 26 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 26 Deck (23):
1

Humans have two -- controlled by different parts of the brain.

distinct memory systems,

2

encoding failure due to -- and --

age and attention

3

Course of forgetting is initially rapid, and then levels
off with time

storage decay

4

Physical change in the brain occur as memory forms

memory trace

5

T/F: we cannot remember what we have not encoded

true

6

Eventsandmemoriesarenotavailablebecause these were never --.

acquired

7

Memories have been -- due to stored memory decay.

discarded

8

two types of interference

proactive and retroactive

9

Occurs when older memory makes it more
difficult to remember new information

proactive

10

Occurs when new learning disrupts memory for older information

retroactive

11

Freud: Repressed memories protect-- and
minimize anxiety

self-concept

12

Today: Attempts to forget more likely when information is--, not emotional

neutral

13

T/F: forgetting can occur at any memory stage

true

14

As we -- information, we filter, alter, or lose
much of it.

process

15

occurs when a memory has been corrupted by misleading information.

misinformation effect

16

occurs when repeatedly imagining fake actions and events can create false memories.

imagination effect

17

Involves faulty memory for how, when, or where
information was learned or imagined


Source amnesia (source misattribution)

18

Is sense that “I’ve experienced this before.”

déjà vu

19

Suggests cues from the current situation may unconsciously trigger retrieval of an earlier experience

déjà vu

20

-- feel like real memories and can be persistent but are usually limited to the gist of the event.

False memories

21

False memories are often a result of faulty --

eyewitness testimony.

22

- Researchers studied effect of suggestive interviewing techniques
(58 percent of preschoolers produced false stories about one or more unexperienced events.)

Ceci and Bruck

23

Children often accurately recall events and actors because they are --

neutral