Flashcards in Module 26 Deck (23):
Humans have two -- controlled by different parts of the brain.
distinct memory systems,
encoding failure due to -- and --
age and attention
Course of forgetting is initially rapid, and then levels
off with time
Physical change in the brain occur as memory forms
T/F: we cannot remember what we have not encoded
Eventsandmemoriesarenotavailablebecause these were never --.
Memories have been -- due to stored memory decay.
two types of interference
proactive and retroactive
Occurs when older memory makes it more
difficult to remember new information
Occurs when new learning disrupts memory for older information
Freud: Repressed memories protect-- and
Today: Attempts to forget more likely when information is--, not emotional
T/F: forgetting can occur at any memory stage
As we -- information, we filter, alter, or lose
much of it.
occurs when a memory has been corrupted by misleading information.
occurs when repeatedly imagining fake actions and events can create false memories.
Involves faulty memory for how, when, or where
information was learned or imagined
Source amnesia (source misattribution)
Is sense that “I’ve experienced this before.”
Suggests cues from the current situation may unconsciously trigger retrieval of an earlier experience
-- feel like real memories and can be persistent but are usually limited to the gist of the event.
False memories are often a result of faulty --
- Researchers studied effect of suggestive interviewing techniques
(58 percent of preschoolers produced false stories about one or more unexperienced events.)
Ceci and Bruck