Module 4: Blood-Borne Pathogens - Hepatitis and AIDS Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 4: Blood-Borne Pathogens - Hepatitis and AIDS Deck (17):
1

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

AIDS

2

part of the cellular immune system; T-helper lymphocytes; turn on the immune response

CD4 cells

3

part of the cellular immune system; regulate the immune system by turning it down when required

T-suppressor lymphocytes

4

scarred liver as a result of chronic inflammation. The hepatocytes are replaced by connective tissue. The symptoms include jaundice, edema in the legs and uncontrolled bleeding.

cirrhosis

5

hepatitis B immune globulin; a product used for passive immunization following exposure to hepatitis B virus

HBIG

6

inflammation of the liver

hepatitis

7

a type of liver cancer involving the functional cells of the liver; often follows hepatitis B and C infections

hepatocellular carcinoma

8

human immunodeficiency virus; the virus causing severe immunosuppression that leads to AIDS

HIV

9

the disease is spread through a population from one infected person to another

horizontal transmission

10

a term sometimes used for hepatitis A; spread by ingestion of food or drink contaminated with feces or saliva

infectious hepatitis

11

a clinical symptom characterized by yellow skin, dark urine and light feces

jaundice

12

cell death in an organ or tissue

necrosis

13

the study of antigen-antibody reactions performed in the laboratory

serology

14

another term for hepatitis B; usually spread by blood and blood products

serum hepatitis

15

transmission of disease from mother to child across the placenta during birth when the mucous membranes of the child come in contact with the infected vaginal secretions of the mother, or through breast milk; (When an infectious disease is passed from the mother to the child during pregnancy or birth; it is called congenital infection.)

vertical transmission

16

a serological test used as a confirmatory test for HIV

Western blot

17

zidovudine; a drug used to slow down viral replication in patients infected with HIV

ZDV