Module 4 Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 4 Vocabulary Deck (25):
1

Allergy

Acquired hypersensitivity to a substance that does not normally cause a reaction

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Antibody

Specific chemical produced to lock on to specific antigens to prevent disease

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Antigen

A substance such as bacteria the body recognizes as foreign

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Blood borne pathogen

Disease causing microorganisms that are present in blood

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Chief complaint

Reason the patient is seeing the physician, including symptoms

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Communicable

Contagious; capable of being transmitted from one person to another either directly or indirectly

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Debris

Remains of broken down or damaged cells or tissues

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Disinfection

Use of chemicals or boiling water to free an item from infectious materials but not its spores

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Endemic

Disease that occurs continuously

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Epistaxis

Nosebleed

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Exudate

Accumulated fluid in cavity

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Immunity

Ability of the body to resist specific pathogens and their toxins

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Infection control

Methods to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious microorganisms

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Invasive procedures

Surgical procedure that penetrates healthy tissue

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Isolation

Separating a patient with certain infectious diseases from individuals

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Morbidity

Number of diseases in a population

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Objective

A patient sign that is visible, palpable, or measurable by an observer

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Purulent

Forming or containing pus

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Sanitization

Cleaning or scrubbing contaminated instruments or formites to remove tissue, debris, or other contaminants

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Scabies

Infectious skin disease caused by the itch mite

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Subjective

Symptom that is felt by the patient but not observable by others

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Universal precautions

Guidelines developed by the CDC for the protection of healthcare workers from infectious diseases

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Vaccine

Pharmacologic agent capable of producing artificial active immunity

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Vector

A carrier of disease (usually an insect)

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Virulence

Organisms power and degree of pathogenicity