Module 4 Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 4 Vocabulary Deck (20)
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1

Extracellular Digestion

Digestion that takes place outside the cell.

2

Mycelium

The part of a fungus responsible for extracellular digestion and absorption of digested food.

3

Hypha

A filament of fungal cells.

4

Rhizoid hypha

A hypha that is imbedded in the material on which the fungus grows.

5

Aerial hypha

A hypha that is not imbedded in the material on which the fungus grows.

6

Sporophore

Specialized aerial hyphae that produces to make more filaments.

7

Stolon

An aerial hypha that asexually reproduces to make more filaments.

8

Haustorium

A type of parasitic fungus that enters the host's cells absorbing nutrition directly from the cytoplasm.

9

Chitin

A chemical that provides both toughness and flexibility .

10

Membrane

A thin covering of a tissue.

11

Fermentation

The anaerobic breakdown of sugars into smaller molecules.

12

Zygospore

A zygote surrounded by a hard, protective covering.

13

Zygote

The result of sexual reproduction when each parent contributes half of the DNA necessary for the offspring.

14

Antibiotic

A chemical secreted by a living organism that kills or reduces the reproduction rate of other organisms.

15

Basidiomycota

Form sexual spores on clublike basidia.

16

Ascomycota

Form sexual spores in saclike asci.

17

Zygomycota

Form sexual spores where hyphae fuse.

18

Chytridiomycota

Form spores with flagella.

19

Deuteromycota

Fungi with no known method of sexual reproduction.

20

Myxomycota

Fungi that look like protozoa for much of their lives.