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Flashcards in Module 5 Drugs Deck (103)
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1

Liquor - Opioids - barbiturates - meprobamate (the carbamate drug Miltown) - the "ludes"--Quaalude (methaqualone) - benzodiazepines (Valium, Xanax, Versed) - antihistamines (hydroxyzine) - herbal remedies (valerian) - *medical marijuana

Antianxiety drugs (anxiolytics)

2

hydantoin (Dilantin) - sodium channel stabilizers (Tegretol) - barbiturates (phenobarbital, Pentotha) - benzodiazepines (Versed)

Antiseizure drugs

3

TCAs--tricyclic and tetracyclic drugs (amitriptyline) - MAIOs - SSRIs (Prozac, Paxil) - SNRIs (cymbalta)

antidepressants for "regular" (Unipolar) depression

4

lithium - antidepressants (many newer ones for long term anxiety) - atypical anitpsychotics (Abilify, Risperdal)

drugs for Bipolar (Manic) Depression

5

antidepressants - Sedative-Hypnotics (like the benzodiazepine Xanax) - beta blockers (like Inderal)

drugs for Social Phobias, compulsions, PTSD, etc.

6

typical ones like chlorpromazine (Thorazine--phenothiazine class) - atypical ones like newer risperidone (Risperdal)

Antipsychotics

7

barbiturates (historically, like Seconal) - short acting benzodiazepines (Halcion) - nonbenzodiazepines (Ambien, Lunesta) - melatonin rc agonists (Rozerem) - OTCs like NyQuil - herbal remedies (natural melatonin, Valerian, etc.)

drugs for Insomnia

8

stimulants (Ritalin, Adderall)

drugs for ADHD

9

ethyl alcohol is by far themost widely used anxiolytic, the "social lubricant" for the world

liquor (as an antianxiety drug)

10

historical use--opium dens, tincture called laudanum

Opioids for antianxiety

11

used historically; i.e. Veronal (barbital), phenobarbital for seizures

Barbiturates

12

the carbonate drug that was the 1st blockbuster psychotropic drug in US history; best selling anxiolytic for a while

meprobamate (Miltown)

13

briefly relied on in the 60s and 70s but "luding out" came to an end when it became a schedule 1 drug in 1984

the "ludes"--Quaalude (methaqualone)

14

still a widely used group of drugs: diazepam, alprazolam, midazolam

benzodiazepines

15

some of the 1st generation anti H1 drugs with good anxiolytic properties; i.e. hydroxyzine (Vistaril, Atarax)

Antihistamines as anxiolytics

16

chamomile tea, St. John's Wort, medical marijuana (pot), kava kava, Valerian root

herbal remedies as anxiolytics

17

the hydantoin drug phenytoin

Dilantin

18

the sodium channel stabilizer carbamazepine

Tegretol

19

the barbiturate used as a back up oral drug to Dilantin & Tegretol

phenobarbitol

20

the barbiturate drug thiopental used as an I.V. drug that will stop an acute seizure

Pentothal

21

the benzodiazepine midazolam used for emergency I.V. control of seizures (better than Valium because it can be given I.V. as well as I.M and also down an endotracheal tube if needed)

Versed

22

the prototype TCA group--not used much for depression anymore but for pain management

Elavil

23

amitriptyline

Elavil

24

antidepressants used in many different conditions: depression, pain, anxiety, psychosis; older class

MAOIs--Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors

25

1st antidepressant of SSRI class

Prozac

26

2nd antidepressants of SSRI class

Paxil and Zoloft

27

fluoxetine

Prozac

28

paroxetine

Paxil

29

sertraline

Zoloft

30

SNRI still heavily advertised on TV

Cymbalta