Flashcards in Molecules of Biology Deck (26):
Strings of repeated units.
The individual units of polymers.
Monomer of Protein
A protein is also called a __________
How peptide bonds are linked, a molecule of water is removed.
How peptide bonds are broken, a water molecule is added.
Monomer of Carbohydrates.
What are carbohydrates made of?
Made only of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
What is the ratio between the carbon, hydrogen and oxygen?
Both are C6 H12 O6
What is the ratio between the carbon, hydrogen and oxygen molecules?
Both are C12 H22 O11 (made through dehydration)
glucose + glucose - water = maltose
glucose + fructose - water = sucrose
All polymers of glucose, only different in the way glucose molecules are linked.
Form in which animals store glucose
Form in which plants store glucose.
Forms the plant's cell walls (strong and rigid)
Monomer of lipids.
Hydrophobic is also known as _________
Thee types of lipids
Three fatty acids (a long hydrocarbon chain with a carbonyl group) bonded to a glycerol molecules.
Two fatty acids (a long hydrocarbon chain with a carboxyl group) and one phosphate group bonded to a glycerol molecule.
Lipid Bilayers form what
Hydrocarbons form rings found in animal cells and cell membranes
Steroid hormones in body are derived from what?
Monomer of Nucleic Acid
A string is nucleotides is what?
Nucleotide Base Pairings
A < > T (held by two hydrogen bonds)
C < > G (held by three hydrogen bonds)