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Flashcards in Monasticism and language Deck (18):
1

Abbot/abbess

The head of the monastery/nunnery. Would often be a noble who had not inherited land - entering the church was a way to advance socially

2

Almoner

A person in charge pf giving alms or charitable donations to the poor people living nearby. Alms are money/goods given to the poor

3

Benedictine

An order of monks founded at Monte Cassino by St Benedict about 530AD

4

Chastity

A promise to not get married and to remain celibate

5

Cluniacs

Members of the Cluny Abbey in France who had lived under Cluniac Monasticism

6

Habit

A long, loose garment worn by a monk or a nun

7

Liturgy

The customary public worship of a religious group (eg. church services)

8

Monasticism

The religious way of life practiced by monks or nuns

9

Monastic orders

Rules followed by monks or nuns governing their life together

10

Monks/nuns

A full member of the Church community who had taken their vows

11

Novices

Monks/nuns who had not taken their vows. They were overseen by the novice master

12

Obedientaries

The holder of a position of responsibility in a monastery or convent under a superior

13

Prior/prioress

They would run the monastery when the abbot was away

14

Sacrist

An official in charge of the sacred vessels, vestments, etc. of a church or a religious house

15

Scriptorium

A room where manuscripts are stored, read or copied

16

Tonsure

Shaving of the head or of some part of it as a religious practice or rite

17

Vernacular

The native language of a place

18

Constitution

These were a new set of rules brought in by Lanfranc in 1077. he aimed to improve standards in monastic life