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Flashcards in Mongols Deck (18):
1

Marco Polo

Italian traveler who started travel interest in West after being figure to Chinese gov and writing about his fascination of the Mongols

2

Bubonic Plague

black plague that killed many people, started in China from fleas on rats and spread west with Mongol conquests.

3

Temujin

Genghis Khan's former name, wanted to seek revenge for violent death of father then when he did he started his conquest

4

Genghis Khan

puts together the biggest empire ever (not civilization) that expands to Muslim World, but they assimilate into cultures of people they take over, dies on way to take over China and leaves no successor (like Alexander the Great), and four seperate khanates are created

5

Pony Express/Yam

riders are able to travel vast distances quickly

6

Silk Road

reopened, Paz Mongolia, trade allowed, and passports invented for riders

7

Golden Horde

one of the khanates,off Silk Road, in Russia, not much development

8

Khubilai Khan

founded Yuan Dynasty, grandson of Genghis, defeated Song China

9

Yuan

only dynasty in China not ruled like Chinese

10

Timur/Tamerlane

sees himself as next Genghis Khan and tries to put together new empire, no related but married relative of Genghis to help prove he is like he says, dies on way to China and buried in elaborate church

11

Il-Khan

one of the khanates, become Muslims and take over land of Abbasid Caliphate, very educated

12

Jagadai Khanate

where Timur is from

13

Timurids

Mongol Dynasty established by Timur and composed of the land he took over,

14

Beijing

capital of Yuan China, Forbidden City built

15

Ming Empire

similar to Byzantine Empire and didnt contact with outsiders

16

Zhu Yuanzhang/ Emperor Hongwu

founder of Ming Dynasty, capital Nanjing, from poverty to ruler

17

Yongle

decided to reopen contact outside Ming China

18

Zheng He

court eunuch and explorer that did many expansion and trade explorations during Ming