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Flashcards in monomers and polymers Deck (16)
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1

What is a monomer?

A smaller molecule from which larger molecules are made

2

What is a polymer?

A large molecule made up of a number of monomers joined together

3

Give three examples of monomers

Monosaccharides, amino acids, nucleotides

4

What type of reaction joins monomers?

Condensation reaction

5

What type of reaction breaks polymers into monomers?

Hydrolysis reaction

6

What is eliminated in a condensation reaction?

water

7

What is used in a hydrolysis reaction?

water

8

Give three examples of polymers

Cellulose, polypeptide, DNA

9

what is the process of adding monomers to a growing chain called and what type of reaction is involved?

the process of polymerisation involves a condensation reaction

10

what is the process of removing monomers from a chain and what type of reaction is involved?

depolymerisation is the process of removing monomers from a polymer chain using hydrolysis

11

what type of bond does a condensation reaction form between two monomers?

covalent bonds

12

what is polymerisation?

polymerisation is the process of adding monomers to a growing chain

13

what are the four major macromolecules?

proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids

14

what is a macromolecule?

a large organic compound made up of smaller molecules (monomers)

15

what is a disaccharide?

a disaccharide is a carbohydrate made up of two monomers joined in a condensation reaction

16

what components are involved in a hydrolysis reaction that forms an amino acid?

polypeptide and water