Month 8 Flashcards Preview

Spanish Class Vocab > Month 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Month 8 Deck (282):
1

To please

Agradar
(Can be used like gustar)

2

To amaze / astonish

Asombrar
(Can be used like gustar)

3

To get along / not get along well

Caer bien / mal
(Can be used like gustar)

4

To be hurt / sorrowed by

Dear lastima / pesar
(Can be used like gustar)

5

To hate something

Disgustar
(Can be used like gustar)

6

To make angry

Enojar
(Can be used like gustar)

7

To be excited about something

Entusiasmar
(Can be used like gustar)

8

To be lacking something

Faltar
(Can be used like gustar)

9

To be fascinating to ...

Fascinar
(Can be used like gustar)

10

To be funny to someone

Hacer gracia
(Can be used like gustar)

11

To make angry / indignant

Indignar
(Can be used like gustar)

12

To be interesting to

Interesar
(Can be used like gustar)

13

To irritate

Irritar
(Can be used like gustar)

14

To be a bother

Molestar
Fastidiar
(Can be used like gustar)

15

To offend

Ofender
(Can be used like gustar)

16

To appear to be

Parecer
(Can be used like gustar)

17

To itch

Picar
(Can be used like gustar)

18

To worry

Preocupar
(Can be used like gustar)

19

To be left over / remain

Quedar
(Can be used like gustar)

20

To surprise

Sorprender
(Can be used like gustar)

21

To be someone's turn

Tocar
(Can be used like gustar)

22

To be 'crazy about'

Volver loco
(Can be used like gustar)

23

To bore

Aburrir
(Can be used like gustar)

24

Perhaps

Acaso

25

To rebuke

Reprochar
Reprender

26

To convince

Convencer

27

To convince

Convencer

28

Adviser

Asesor
Consejero

29

Arrangement
(Eg 'The Elizabethan Arrangement'

Arreglo
Acuerdo (also agreement)

30

According to ...

Conforme a ...

31

Trajctory

Trayectoria

32

Restoration

Restauración

33

Dynamics

Dinámicas

34

Current (eg water / electricity etc)

Corriente

35

Notes

Apuntes

36

To move away from
To deparate

Apartar

37

To move away from
To deparate

Apartar

38

To move away from
To deparate

Apartar

39

Compassion

Compasión
Compasivo: compassionate
Compadecer: to be sorry for

40

By the way...

A propósito

41

To lack

Carecer

Also:

Carece hacerlo:
we/you have to do it
it is necessary to do it

Carece no dejarla we must not let her

42

One another

Unos de otros

43

To redeem / pay

Redimir
Redención: redemption
Redentora: redemptive?
Redentor: redeemer

44

Earthly

Terrenal

45

To move away from
To deparate

Apartar

46

Elections

Comicios

47

Experience

[n] Experiencia
[v] Experimentar

48

To distinguish

Distinguir

Distinguible: Distinguishable
Distinto: Distinct
Distintivo: Distinctive

49

To restrict / to limit

Restringir
Limitar

50

Rejoice

Regocijar

51

Unless

Salvo que
[also: a menos]

52

At least

A los menos
Por los menos

53

Assimilate

Asimilar

54

Destroy / overthrow

Derrotar

55

Foment
Encourage

Fomentar

56

Flee / escape

Arrancar
Huir
Escapar

57

Fluent

Fluido
Fluidez: Fluency

58

To grasp

Aferrar

59

Threshold

Umbral

60

Big leap forward

Salto cuántico

61

To put into practice

Poner en práctica

62

To bear with / put up with

Soportar

63

Expectation

Expectativa

64

To arrest

Arrestar
Detener

Also
Encarcelar:
Retención:

65

To bear with / put up with

Soportar

66

Addressed
[That issue is not addressed...]

Dirigido / a
or could use 'abordar' with voz passivo:
'...no se aborda...

67

Distrust

Desconfianza

68

Aparece
Parecer
Parecerse

Aparece: Appear

Parecer: Seems / looks like +adj or noun
eg: Ella parece una actriz

Parecerse: To be alike / to be similar to
eg: Ella se parece a Angelina Jolie
Te pareces mucho a tu papá cuando tenía tu edad

69

Demolish

To demolish:
Demoler [Demuelo ...]

To knock down:
Derrumbar

70

Overthrow

Derrocar: Oust
Derribar: Demolish / bring down

71

Get to the bottom of something
Dig deeper

Entrar a picar
Picar: to dig

72

Chills

Escalofrio

73

Suggest an idea

Plantear
[Plantar: Plant a seed]

74

Shovel

La pala

75

Woodshaving

Viruta

76

Tenants

Arrendatorios

77

Suggestive

Sugerente

78

To juggle

Malabar

79

To band together

Abanderar

80

Isolated

Aislado

81

To beat [heartbeat]

Latir

82

To chew

Mascar
Masticar

83

To persuade

Persuadir

84

Yet more / still more

Aun mas
Adicionalmente

85

Forward

Delantaro

86

Redundancy

Redundancia

Redundante
Superfluo

87

Difference between

Ya

Sí: Agreement / information known
Ya: Acceptance / information not known

88

Whale

Ballena

89

Broom

Escoba
Escobar: Sweep

90

Follower

Discípulo
Seguidor / a

91

To waste

[opportunity] Desperdiciar
[Mis-spend] Malgastar
Derrochar: To squander

92

Necessarily

Necesariamente
Forzosamente

93

To discourage

Disanimar
Desalentar

94

Scorn / contempt

Desprecio

95

To improve / revise a text

Redactar

96

To repent

Arrepentirse

97

To reach an agreement

Acordar

98

Cambiar un sistema
Cambiarse un sistema

Cambiar un sistema:
Change within the system / how it works

Cambiarse un sistema:
Change the system itself / to new system

99

Authoritarian

Autoritario

100

To justify

Justificar

101

From time to time

De vez en cuando

102

Spicy

Picante

103

String / cord

Cuerda
El cordel

104

Row [line of things]

Hilera

105

Nightmare

Pesadilla

106

Nominate

Nombrar
Designar

107

Apply for

Postular
Yo no me voy a postular para presidente

108

To puncture / prick / pierce

Pinchar

109

Barter exchange

Hacer un trueque

110

Advantageous

Ventajoso

111

To convince

Convencer

112

Sponsor

[n]: Auspicio
[v]: Auspiciar

113

TO make it work

Hacerlo funciona

114

Flawed

Defectuoso
Estropeado
Viciado
Dañado

115

Dose / Doses

Dosis [s+pl]

116

Portable

Portatil

117

Protests

Potestas

118

No matter how much, however much

Por muchos

119

Subtleties

Sutilezas
Matices

120

Subtleties

Sutilezas
Matices

121

To support

Apoyar

122

To contribute

aportar

123

To apply

Solicitar
Presentarse

124

Hail

Granizo

125

To get up

Ponerse de pie
Parase

126

To deliver

Entrgar

127

The result / outcome

Resultado

128

Inhibit

Inhibir
Impedir

129

Minority

Minoría

130

Intermitant

Intermitente
Inconstante

131

To back up / reverse

Retroceder

132

Pavement / Sidewarlk

Acera
Vereda

133

Gain / profit

Ganancia

134

To appreciate

Apreciar

135

Reflection

Reflejo

136

Vanity

Vanidad
Vanidoso

137

To make bigger

Agrandar
Aumentar
Ampliar

138

To shine

Brillar

139

Reciprocity

Reciprocidad

140

Rhetoric

La retorica

141

To row [a boat]

Remar
Oar: Remo

142

Exhaustion

Agotamiento

143

Desk

Escritorio
Popitre

144

To soften

Suavizar

145

Tuning
'Tuning in' to program
To be 'in tune' with someone

Sintonía
Estar en sintonía con alguien: To be in tune with someone

146

Celebrities

Farándula
Lit: the theatre / the stage

147

Increase / boom

Auge

148

To prevail

Prevalecer

149

Host
at party / TV show

Anfitrione

150

Interference / influence

Injerencia

151

Slogans / chants

Consignas

152

To undermine
To dig under

Socavar

153

Removal

Remoción

154

To veto

Vetar

155

Footprints

Huellas

156

Havoc / struggle

Estragos

157

Gag [over mouth]

Mordazas

158

To lack

Faltar
Carecer

159

Most of all

Sobre todo...
Más que nada

160

'Out of shape'

Fuera de forma

161

To grant / give

Conceder

162

To dwell / live / inhabit

Morar

163

To start / initiate / enter into

Entablar

164

To press / squeeze

Apretar

165

Irreproachable

Irreprensible

166

Sober

Sobrio

167

Carry out

Llevar a cabo

168

Step / rung

Peldaño

169

To catch

Pillar
Agarrar
Atrapar

170

To uncover / reveal

Destapar
Revelar
Descubrir

171

To extend / lengthen

Alargar

172

Milestone

Hito

173

To attack

Agredir
Atacar

174

Thankful / grateful

Agredecido
Me sentí agradecido de estar vivo mientras veía el amanecer sobre el valle.

175

To thank

Agredecir
Solo quería agradecerte por todo lo que has hecho por nosotros

Also Agredecerse: To be welcome / pleasant
El sol siempre se agradece tras muchos días de lluvia

176

Leadership

Liderazgo

177

Leadership

Liderazgo

178

To train

Entrenar
Capacitar

Capacitación: training

179

Walled [walled city]

Amurallado

180

To acces

Acceder

181

Waterfall

Salto
Cascada

182

Southerly
Northerly

Austral
Boreal
[implication of extreme]

183

Volume
Flow

Caudal
[also fig: wealth]

184

'Pocket' of for eg of poverty

Bolsón

185

Affectionate

Afectuoso

186

Impatient

Apurón

187

Fussy

Regodeón
v: Regodear

Quisquilloso

188

Phenomenon

Fenómeno

189

To apply [for eg for a visa]

Postular a ...
Estoy postulando a visa...

[nb for jobs it is 'para']

190

In the same way that

Así como
Tal como

191

To grant / concede

Otorgar
Otorgante: grantor

192

To take charge / responsibility

Hacerse cargo

193

To take notice

Tomarse nota

194

Darse

To occur / happen

195

Social climber / careerist

Arribista

196

Greedy

Avaro
Goloso [for food]

197

Good natured

Bonachón

198

Grumpy / bad tempered

Cascarrabias

199

Cautious / careful

Cauto

200

Confident

Seguro de sí mismo

[confiado: in Chile gullible/ quick to believe]

201

Vain / conceited

Presumido

202

Sane / sensible

Cuerdo

203

Depressing

Deprimente
Depressed : deprimido
Depressive : depresivo

204

Suspicious

Desconfiado
Sospechoso

205

Lit: Detached
Fig: Generous

Desprendido

206

To show off

Fanfarronear
Fanfarrón: a show-off

207

Rude

Grosero

208

Hungry

Hambriento

209

Sullen

Hosco

210

Upright / honourable
Whole / entire

Integro

211

Intriguing

Intrigante

212

A bully

Matón

213

Talkative

Locuaz

214

Prudent / far sighted

Previsor

215

Neat / tidy

Pulcro

216

Rebellious

Rebelde

217

To retain, to hold, to keep

Retener

218

Intransigent

Intransigente

219

Hypocrite

Cinico

220

Sensible [ENG]

Sensato
Also:
Prudente
Razonable

221

Sensitive

Sensible
Delicado

222

Underhand / Devious

Solapado

Solapar: To cover-up / conceal
Solapa: Lapels [Image of ducking inside collar of coat]

223

Miserly / stingy

Tacaño

224

Saintly
[sometimes sarcastic]

Santurrón

225

Crying / weeping

Llanto

226

To chop / carve wood

Tallar

227

To sculpt

esculpir

228

Self-image

Auto-imagen

229

Idiom for not willing to let go of idea or change mind

un perro no suelta hueso

230

Idiom for single-minded commitment - not stopping

un caballo sin dueño

231

In batter

Rebozado

232

Wood

Madera
Leña [esp firewood]

233

Idiom for cynical

Buscar la quinta pata al gato

234

To sow
To reap

Sembrar
Cosechar [n: Cosecha]

235

Thunder

Trueno

236

To season
Seasoning / dressning

To season: Aliñar
Seasoning / dressing: Aliño

237

[x] transformed into / became [y]

[x plural] se transformaron en [y]

238

To put on weight

Engordar

239

To grow / get bigger

Agrandar

240

To swell

Hincharse
My sinuses swelled from infection and I couldn't breathe for weeks.
Mis senos se hincharon por una infección y no pude respirar por semanas
[To swell another thing: 'Hinchar' the direct object]

241

To shorten

Acortar

242

To loose weight / slim

Adelgazar

243

To reduce

Reducir
Achicar
Disminuir
Rebajar [esp price]

244

Ponerse
Volverse
Llegar a ser
Hacerse

Ponerse se usa con adjetivos, para un cambio que suele ser transitorio: Cuando hablo en público me pongo nervioso. El jefe se pone furioso con algunos empleados.

Volverse es similar a ponerse, pero tiene el sentido de una cambio mas permanente: Después de la muerte de su novia se volvió adicto a las drogas. Nadie sabe porque se volvió alergico a los gatos.

Llegar a ser se usa con sustantivos (cargos, profesiones) y se refiere a un proceso que requiere cierto tiempo: Era analfabeto pero llegó a ser Presidente de la República. Era muy inteligente y llegó a ser el primer premio nobel de su país.

Hacerse tiene un sentido de cambio más inmediato: Se hizo rico de la noche a la mañana. Se hizo famoso luego de la película.

245

Change / Become ...
Sense of temporary: for example mood

Ponerse

246

Change / Become ...
Sense of more permanent
Esp with regard to 'state of being'

Volverse
[often used negatively though for eg 'went crazy']

247

Change / Become ...
Process over time

Llegar a ser
Often with substantives and implies a process of change over time:
Era analfabeto pero llegó a ser Presidente de la República.
Era muy inteligente y llegó a ser el primer premio nobel de su país.

248

Change / Become ...
Immediate but permanent

Hacerse
Se hizo rico de la noche a la mañana.
Se hizo famoso luego de la película.

249

Change in profession

Convertirse

250

Stopped being [x] ...

Terminar + Gerund of [x]

251

Indebted

Endeudados

252

Leisure
Idleness

Ocio

253

Pattern

Patron

254

Suddenly

Repentinamente

255

To fall headlong to the ground

Caer / dar de bruces

256

Leisure
Idleness

Ocio

257

Pattern

Patron

258

Suddenly

Repentinamente

259

To fall headlong to the ground

Caer

260

To long for
Whim / craving

Ansiar
Antojo
Antojarse: have a craving for

261

To emancipate
To free

Emancipar

262

To tie / lace / bind

Amarrar

263

Mortgage

Hipoteca

264

Self-sufficient [economically/agriculturally]

Auto sustentable

265

Self sufficient
[negative implication of selfishness]

Autosuficiente

266

Self sufficient
[negative implication of selfishness]

Autosuficiente

267

Self-sufficient [economically/agriculturally]

Auto sustentable

268

Fairy

Hada

269

To join / participate in

Sumarse
Sumar: To add [normally in mathematics]

270

To postpone / delay

Aplazar
Posponer
Postergar

271

Overwhelmed
Dispirited

Aplastada

272

Draw
Sketch
Outline

Trazar

273

'Wear and tear'
Erosion
Exhaustion

Desgaste

274

Feature
Trait
Characteristic

Rasgo

275

In the distance

A lo lejos ...

Often has sense of movement
Can be used fig to indicate action which don't often do:
'Tomo cervezas a lo lejos'

276

To be situated / located

Encontrarse
Can be used to express 'can be found'
Can function in this context like 'estar'

277

Followers

Seguidores

278

Can be used / seen / said

Puede ser usado / visto / dicho etc

279

Supposedly

Supuestamente

280

Flash / spark

Centella
Chispa

281

Leak

v: Gotear
n: Gotera
La gotera en el techo sigue creciendo

n: Agujero [hole]
El cubo está vacío porque tiene un agujero

v: Gotear

282

To find out

Enterarse
Enterar: To tell / inform