Flashcards in Mood disorders Deck (13):
Given the patient's current social and occupational situation he or she emotionally feels:
Dysthymia = Somewhat worse than would be expected.
Depression = Very much worse than would be expected.
Hypomania = Somewhat better than would be expected.
Mania = Very much better than would be expected.
DSM-IV-TR categories of primary mood disorders:
1. Major depressive disorder.
2. Bipolar disorder.
3. Dysthymic disorder.
4. Cyclothymic disorder.
Secondary mood disorders:
1. Due to general medical condition.
2. Substance-induced mood disorder.
Major depressive disorder:
Recurrent episodes of depression, each continuing for AT LEAST 2 WEEKS.
Bipolar I = Episodes of BOTH mania (for at least 1wk) + depression.
Bipolar II = BOTH hypomania (for at least 4 DAYS) + depression.
Continuing over a 2-year period (1 year in children) with no discrete episodes of illness.
Hypomania and dysthymia occurring over a 2-year period (1yr in children) with no discrete episodes of illness.
Epidemiology of mood disorders:
NO DIFFERENCES associated with:
3. Marital status.
The lifetime prevalence of mood disorders - Major depressive disorder:
Men = 5-12%.
Women = 10-20%.
The lifetime prevalence of mood disorders - Bipolar disorder:
1% overall, no sex difference.
The lifetime prevalence of mood disorders - Dysthymic disorder:
6% overall - Up to 3 TIMES MORE COMMON in women.
The lifetime prevalence of mood disorders - Cyclothymic disorder:
Less than 1% overall - No sex difference.