MOT 1 Medical terminology Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > MOT 1 Medical terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in MOT 1 Medical terminology Deck (425):
2

A- an-

Not, without, less

3

Ab-/abs

From, away from, off

4

#NAME?

Pertaining to

5

Acou/acu

hearing

6

Acro

extremity

7

Ad-

Increase, adherence, motion towards, very

8

#NAME?

Toward, in the direction of

9

Adeno/o

Gland

10

Adip/adipo

fat

11

Aero

air

12

#NAME?

pertaining to

13

Albo

white

14

Algesi/algio/algo/alge-/-algia

pain

15

allo

Other/different

16

ambi

around, on (both) sides, on all sides, both

17

ambly/amblyo

dull

18

amni/o

the amnion, innermost membranes enveloping the embryo in utero

19

#NAME?

relating to

20

an/o

not, without, less

21

ana-

up, toward. apart

22

Andro-

male

23

Angi/o

vessel

24

ankylo

crooked

25

ante-

before

26

anter/o

before

27

anti-

against, opposing, curative, antibody

28

apo

separated from, derived from

29

appendo/o appendic/o

an appendage

30

aque/aqueo

water

31

#NAME?

pertaining to

32

#NAME?

beginning

33

arteri/arterio

artery

34

arthr/o

joint/articulation

35

#NAME?

pertaining to

36

#NAME?

an enzyme

37

#NAME?

salt or ester of an "ic" acid

38

#NAME?

pasty, fatty

39

#NAME?

process, state condition

40

audi/audio

hearing

41

abdomen/o

abdomen

42

aur/auri/auro

ear

43

aut/auto

self, same

44

axill/axillo

armpit

45

bacteri/bacterio

bacteria

46

balano

penis

47

bi

twice, double, two

48

bi/o

life

49

blasto

budding by cells or tissue

50

brachi/brachio

arm

51

brady

slow

52

bronch/o bronchi/o

bronchus

53

carcin/carcino

cancer

54

cardi/cardio

heart, esophageal opening of stomach

55

carp/o

wrist

56

cata

down

57

caud/caudo

tail, lower part of body

58

#NAME?

hernia, swelling

59

celio

abdomen

60

#NAME?

surgical puncture

61

centi

one hundredth

62

cephal/cephalo

the head

63

cerebr/cerebro

brain

64

cervic/cervico

neck, uterine cervix

65

cheir/cheiro

hand

66

chem/chemo

chemistry, drug

67

chir/chiro

hand

68

chloro

green, chlorine

69

chol

bile

70

chondro/chondrio

cartilage, granular, gritty

71

chrom/chromat/chromo

color

72

chron/chrono

time

73

#NAME?

killing, destroying

74

cis/o

on this side, on the near side

75

#NAME?

breaker

76

#NAME?

washing

77

co-/col-

with, in association, very, complete

78

colic

large intestines

79

colp/colpo

vagina

80

com/con

with, in association, very, comlete

81

contra

against

82

cor

with, in association, very complete

83

coreo

pupil

84

brachy

short

85

cost/costo

rib

86

crani/cranio

cranium, skull

87

#NAME?

secretion

88

#NAME?

separation

89

cry/cryo

cold

90

crypt/crypto

hidden

91

cutane/cutaneo

skin

92

cyan/cyano

blue, cyanide

93

cycl

circle, cycle, ciliary body

94

cyst/cysto/cysti

bladder, cyst, cystic duct

95

cyt-/-cyte/cyto-

cell

96

#NAME?

cell

97

dacry/dacryo

tears

98

dactyl/dactylo

finger, toe

99

de-

away from, cessation

100

deca/deka

10

101

deci

one tenth

102

dent/denti

tooth

103

dermat/derma/dermato/dermo

skin

104

#NAME?

binding

105

dextr/o

right, towards or on the right side

106

di/dif

separation, taking apart, reversal, not, un-, two

107

dia

through

108

#NAME?

thirst

109

dir/dis

separation, taking apart, reversal, not, un-

110

duo

two

111

duodeno

duodenum

112

#NAME?

pain

113

dynamo

force, energy

114

dys

bad, difficult

115

#NAME?

pertaining to

116

ect-

outer, on the outside

117

#NAME?

dilation, stretching

118

ecto-

outer, on the outside, without, away

119

#NAME?

excision

120

#NAME?

obstruction

121

electr/o

electricity

122

#NAME?

blood condition

123

#NAME?

vomiting

124

en-

into, or within

125

encephal/o

brain

126

end/o

within, inner, inside

127

enter/o

intestine

128

ent/ento

inner, within

129

epi

upon, following, subsequent to

130

ergo-

work

131

erythr/o

red, redness

132

eso

inward

133

esthesio

sensation, perception

134

eu

good, well

135

esophagi/o

esophagus

136

ex-

out of, from, away from

137

exo-

exterior, external, outward

138

extra-

outside of, without

139

ferri/ferro

ferric/ferrous ion

140

fibr/o

fiber

141

#NAME?

in the form or shape of

142

gastr/o

stomach, belly

143

gen-/-gen

producing, coming to be, precursor

144

genesis

beginning

145

ger/o

old age

146

gloss/o

tongue

147

gluco/glyco

glucose, sugars

148

Gon-

seed, semen

149

gonio-

angle

150

gono

seed, semen

151

#NAME?

a recording, record

152

granu/lo

granular, granule

153

#NAME?

recording instrument

154

gyneco/gyne/gyno

women

155

hecto

one hundred

156

hem/hemo/hema & hemat/o

blood

157

hemi

one half

158

hepat/o/ hepatico

liver

159

hept/a

seven

160

hetero

different

161

hidr/o

sweat

162

hist/io/o

tissue

163

homeo/homo

same, constant

164

hydr/o

water

165

hyper-

excessive, above normal, high

166

hypo-

beneath, diminution, deficiency, the lowest

167

hyster/o

uterus, hysteria, late, following

168

#NAME?

a condition

169

#NAME?

condition, state

170

ic

pertaining to

171

ics

organized knowledge, practice, treatment

172

ileo-/ilio

ileum

173

in-

in, not

174

#NAME?

chemical suffix

175

infra

below

176

inguino

groin

177

inter-

between, among

178

intra/intro

within

179

ischi/o

ischium

180

#NAME?

condition, disease, practice, doctrine

181

ismus

spasm, contraction

182

iso-

equal to, isomer, sameness

183

#NAME?

specialist

184

#NAME?

the nature of, resembling

185

#NAME?

-y, -like

186

#NAME?

inflammation, plural inflammation

187

#NAME?

pertaining to

188

kal/i

potassium

189

karyp

nucleus

190

kerat/o

cornea

191

kilo

one thousand

192

kin/kine-/kinesio-/kineso-/kino-

movement, motion

193

labio-

lip

194

lacrim/o-

tears

195

lact-/lacti-/lacto-

milk

196

laparo-

abdomen, abdominal wall

197

laryng-/o

larynx

198

lateri-/latero

lateral, to one side, side

199

#NAME?

seizure

200

lepto-

light, slender, thin, frail

201

leuk-/leuko

white

202

linguo

tongue

203

lip-/lipo

fat, liquid

204

lith-/litho

stone, calculus, calcification

205

-log/log-/logo-

speech, words

206

#NAME?

study of, collecting

207

lymph-/lympho

lymph

208

lys-/lyso

lysis, dissolution

209

macr/o

large, long

210

mal-

bad, deficient

211

#NAME?

softening

212

mamm/o/a

breast

213

mania

excessive preoccupation

214

mast/o

breast

215

meg-

Large, oversize

216

mega

large, oversize, one million

217

megal/o-

large

218

#NAME?

enlargement, large

219

melan/o-

black

220

mening-/o-

meninges

221

ment-/mento

chin

222

#NAME?

member of a series

223

mes-/o-

middle, mean, intermediate, attaching membrane

224

Meta-

after, behind, joint action, sharing

225

#NAME?

measurement, measuring device

226

metr-/o

uterus

227

#NAME?

measurement

228

micr-/o

small, microscopic

229

milli-

one thousandth

230

mon-/o-

single

231

morph-/o-

form, shape, structure

232

my-/myo-

muscle

233

myel-/o-

bone marrow, spinal cord

234

myx-/o-

mucus

235

nano-

dwarf, one millionth

236

nas-/o-

nose

237

natr-/i-

sodium

238

nat/o

birth

239

necr/o

death, necrosis

240

neo-

new

241

nephr/o

kidney

242

neur/o/i-

nerve, nervous system

243

norm/o

normal

244

obsttr/bostero

childbirth

245

octo-

eight

246

oculo-

eye, ocular

247

odont/o

tooth

248

odyn/o

pain

249

#NAME?

resemblance to

250

olig/o

few, little

251

#NAME?

tumour, neoplasm (ata + plural)

252

onco-/oncho

tumour, bulk, volume

253

#NAME?

ketone

254

onych/o

fingernail, toenail

255

oo-

egg, ovary

256

oophor/o

ovary

257

opthalm/o

eye

258

opt/o optic/o

eye

259

#NAME?

vision

260

or-/ori-/oro

mouth

261

orchi-/orchid-/orchio

testis

262

orth/o

straight, normal, in proper order

263

#NAME?

excessive bleeding

264

#NAME?

hemorrhage

265

#NAME?

suture

266

#NAME?

flow, discharge

267

#NAME?

rupture

268

#NAME?

sugar

269

#NAME?

process, condition, state

270

oste/o ost- ossi osseo

bone

271

#NAME?

incision

272

#NAME?

pertaining to

273

ovai-/ovario-

ovary

274

ovi- ovo-

egg

275

oxa- oxo-

oxygen

276

oxy-

sharp, acid, acute, shrill, quick, oxygen

277

pachy-

thick

278

pan-

all, entire

279

pant- panto-

all, entire

280

para-

abnormal, involvement of two like parts

281

pari-

equal

282

path- patho-

disease

283

#NAME?

disease

284

ped/o/i-

child, foot

285

#NAME?

deficiency

286

penta-

five

287

per-

through, thoroughly, intensely

288

peri-

around, about

289

#NAME?

fixation, usually, surgical

290

phaco-

lens

291

#NAME?

eating, devouring

292

phako-

lens

293

phanero-

visible, evident

294

pharmaco-

drugs, medicine

295

pharyng/o-

pharynx

296

phil/o- -philia

attraction, chemical affinity

297

men/o-

menstruation

298

oto

ear

299

#NAME?

incision

300

phleb/o-

vein

301

#NAME?

fear

302

phon/o-

sound, speech

303

phor-/phoro-

carrying, bearing

304

phos- phot/o-

light

305

phren/i-

diaphragm, mind, phrenic

306

#NAME?

protection

307

phyll/o-

leaf

308

physi/o-

physical, natural

309

physo-

swelling, inflammation, air, gas.

310

phyt/o-

plants

311

plan/i/o

flat

312

#NAME?

formation

313

#NAME?

plasma

314

#NAME?

surgical repair

315

platy-

wide, flat

316

#NAME?

paralysis

317

pleo-

more

318

plesio-

near, similar

319

pleur- pleura- pleuro-

rib, side, pleura

320

pluri-

several, more

321

-pnea pneo-

breath, respiration

322

peum/a/at/ato

air, gas lung, breathing

323

pod- -pod podo-

foot, foot-shaped

324

#NAME?

production

325

poikilo-

irregular, variable

326

polio-

grey

327

poly

multiplicity, polymer, more

328

post-

after, behind

329

pre-

anterior, before

330

presby-

old

331

pro-

before, forward, precursor

332

proct/o

anus, rectum

333

prot/o-

first

334

pseudo-

FALSE

335

psych/o/e

mind

336

#NAME?

sagging, falling, prolapse

337

pyel/o-

pelvis

338

pykn/o-

dense, compact

339

pyo-

pus

340

pyreto-

fever

341

#NAME?

of mind

342

phrenico- phreno

diaphragm, mind, phrenic

343

pyro-

fire, heat, fever

344

quadr/i-

four

345

rachi/o-

spinal column

346

radio-

radiation, x-ray, radius

347

re-

again, backward

348

ren/o

kidney

349

rhin/o-

nose

350

#NAME?

discharge

351

#NAME?

flow

352

#NAME?

rupture

353

sacr/o-

flesh, muscle

354

schisto- schiz/o-

split, cleft, division

355

sclera- / sclero-

hardness (indurations- fibrous), sclerosis, ocular sclera

356

scolio-

crooked

357

#NAME?

instrument for viewing

358

#NAME?

viewing

359

scot-/scoto-

shadow, darkness

360

semi-

one-half, partly

361

sept/o-

seven, septum, sepsis/infection

362

septi-

seven

363

sial/o-

saliva, salivary gland

364

sider/o-

iron

365

sigmoid/o-

s-shaped or sigmoid colon

366

sin/o- sinu-

sinus

367

somat/o- somatic-

body, bodily

368

somno-

sleep

369

son/o-

sound, ultrasound

370

spasmo-

spasm

371

sphygmo-

pulse

372

spir/o-

breathing

373

spleen- spleno-

spleen

374

staphyl/o-

grape, bunch of grapes, staphylococci

375

#NAME?

stopping

376

#NAME?

arresting change or movement

377

#NAME?

narrowness, constriction

378

stereo

solid

379

stheno

strength, force, power

380

stomat/o stom/a

mouth

381

sub-

beneath, less than normal, inferior

382

recto/o

rectum, straight

383

retro-

backward, behind

384

salping/o-

tube

385

sarco-

flesh, muscle

386

super-

in excess, above, superior, in the upper part

387

supra-

above

388

sy-/ syl-/sym-/syn-/sys-

together, joined, fused

389

tachy-

rapid, over

390

tel/e-

distant

391

ten/din- teno- tenont- tenonto-

tendon

392

tetra

four

393

thel/o-

nipple

394

thera

therapy

395

therm/o-

heat

396

thesis

put, place

397

thorac/o thoracico

chest, thorax

398

thromb/o-

blood clot

399

thyr/o

thyroid gland

400

#NAME?

put, place

401

toco-

childbirth

402

#NAME?

cutting instrument

403

#NAME?

cutting, operation

404

tono

tone, tension, pressure

405

top/o

place, topical

406

tox/i- toxico- toxo-

toxin, poison

407

trache/o-

trachea

408

trans-

across, through, beyond

409

tri- tris-

three

410

trich/i/ia -trichia

hair

411

tropho- trophic- -trophy

food, nutrition, development

412

#NAME?

turning

413

#NAME?

turning towards, affinity

414

ultra-

beyond

415

uni-

one, single

416

uri- -uric/o

uric acid

417

#NAME?

urine, urination

418

uro

urine, urinary tract

419

vas-

duct, blood vessel

420

vasculo-

blood vessel

421

vas/o-

duct, blood vessel

422

vesic/o-

urinary bladder, vesicle

423

xanth/o-

yellow, yellowish

424

xero-

dry

425

zo- zoo-

animal, life

426

zym- zymo-

fermentation, enzymes