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Flashcards in Motivation Deck (25):
1

Give the 5 theorists?

Taylor, Herzberg, Mayo, Maslow, Vroom porter and lawler

2

Give 3 main ideas of Taylor’s theory?

Motivation is based on financial rewards, focuses on efficiency and productivity, scientific management

3

Give a strength and weakness of Taylor’s theory?

Good for factories, not everyone is motivated by money

4

Give 3 points about Herzbergs theory?

2 factor theory of hygiene factors and satisfaction, motivation only happens if both are present, jobs should be enriched

5

Give a strength and weakness of Herzberg?

Job enrichment allows progression, not everyone likes responsibility

6

Give 3 points about Mayos theory?

Hawthorne effect (motivated when social needs are met), motivation from being valued, team working and groups

7

Give a weakness of Mayos theory?

Might not like the people you work with

8

Give 2 points about Maslow’s theory?

5 levels needed, work from bottom to top

9

What are the 5 levels in Maslow’s hierarchy of needs?

Physiological, safety , social , esteem and self actualisation

10

Give 2 weaknesses of Maslows hierarchy of needs?

Not realistic as people don’t reach the top, not everyone has the same needs

11

Give a point about Vroom, Porter and Lawler?

People act in their best interests

12

What are the 3 components of Vrooms expectancy theory?

Valance, instrumentally and expectancy

13

What is Valance?

Where they do a task if they think they will get a good reward (financial and non)

14

What is Instrumentality?

An individual needs to believe that an action will lead to a certain result

15

What is Expectancy?

The individuals belief in the likelihood of them being able to achieve the target

16

What are intrisric rewards?

Positive feelings after a task

17

What are Extrinstic rewards?

Material rewards like money

18

Give a weakness of vrooms theory?

May struggle to be further motivated if they have all benefits

19

What is Motivation?

The will and desire to work harder

20

What is a Movement?

Rewards and punishment (temp)

21

What is labour turnover and how do you calculate it?

Rate that people leave
Number leaving / number of staff x 100

22

What is productivity?

Output per worker

23

What is efficiency?

Producing at a low cost, using few resources

24

What are the 3 variables that influence the motivation of staff?

Company culture, managing staff, financial rewards

25

What is company culture?

An accepted set of attitudes, values and habits of an organisation