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Flashcards in Motivation and Work Deck (24)
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1
Q

sexual response cycle

A

the four stages of sexual responding described by Masters and Johnson-excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution.

2
Q

flow

A

a completely involved, focused state of consciousness, with diminished awareness of self and time, resulting from optimal engagement of one’s skills.

3
Q

refractory period

A

a resting period after orgasm, during which a man cannot achieve another orgasm.

3
Q

set point

A

the point at which an individual’s “weight thermostat” is supposedly set. When the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight.

3
Q

structured interviews

A

interview process that asks the same job-relevant questions of all applicants, each of whom is rated on established scales.

4
Q

motivation

A

a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.

4
Q

sexual orientation

A

an enduring sexual attraction toward members of either one’s own sex (homosexual orientation) or the other sex (heterosexual orientation).

5
Q

task leadership

A

goal-oriented leadership that sets standards, organizes work, and focuses attention on goals.

6
Q

achievement motivation

A

a desire for significant accomplishment; for mastery of skills or ideas; for rapidly attaining a high standard.

7
Q

glucose

A

the form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues. When its level is low, we feel hunger.

7
Q

testosterone

A

the most important of the male sex hormones. Both males and females have it, but the additional testosterone in males stimulates the growth of the male sex organs in the fetus and the development of the male sex characteristics during puberty.

8
Q

homeostasis

A

a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level.

8
Q

social leadership

A

group-oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict, and offers support.

11
Q

incentive

A

a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior.

12
Q

estrogens

A

sex hormones, such as estradiol, secreted in greater amounts by females than by males and contributing to female sex characteristics. In nonhuman female mammals, estrogen levels peak during ovulation, promoting sexual receptivity.

13
Q

personnel psychology

A

a subfield of I/O psychology that focuses on employee recruitment, selection, placement, training, appraisal, and development.

15
Q

drive-reduction theory

A

the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need.

17
Q

human factors psychology

A

a subfield of I/O psychology that explores how people and machines interact and how machines and physical environments can be made safe and easy to use.

18
Q

organizational psychology

A

a subfield of I/O psychology that examines organizational influences on worker satisfaction and productivity and facilitates organizational change.

19
Q

instinct

A

a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned.

20
Q

industrial-organizational (I/O) psychology

A

the application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces.

22
Q

hierarchy of needs

A

Maslow’s pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active.

23
Q

basal metabolic rate

A

the body’s resting rate of energy expenditure.

24
Q

sexual disorder

A

a problem that consistently impairs sexual arousal or functioning.