Motor system:neurologist perspective Flashcards Preview

Undeleted > Motor system:neurologist perspective > Flashcards

Flashcards in Motor system:neurologist perspective Deck (27):
1

what is DDx for acute, subacute, and chronic focal deficits

acute: infarct, hemmorage
subacute: inflammatory- abscess, myelitits
chronic: neoplasm

2

what is DDx for acute, subacute, and chronic diffuse deficits

acute: toxic, metabolic
subacute: inflammatory- meningitis, encephalitits
chronic: degenerative

3

what are synonyms for CST

upper motor neuron, pyramidal tract

4

where would a lesion occur that gives total hemiparesis

subcortical motor tract

5

signs of cortical lesions

aphasia, partial seizures, cog changes, neglect, apraxia, anosognosia

6

Sx of post. fossa lesion

diploplia, bilateral motor signs, crossed motor senses, vertigo

7

Sx of cord lesion

radicular pain, neck or back ache, incontinence, cranial nerves spared

8

3 types of cord lesions

1. extra dural - compress cord
2. intradural, extramedullary
3. intradural, intramedullary

9

5 cord syndromes to know

1. cord tranasection
2. brown sequard - lateral hemisection
3. central cord lesion
4. ant. spinal artery syndrome
5. subacute combined

10

Sx of peripheral lesion

1. nerualgic pain
2. dermatomal signs
3. LMN confined to muscle innervated

11

what is amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

progressive degeneration of ant horn cells and corticospinal neurons

12

Sx of spinal root lesion

radiuclar pain, derm sensory loss, atrophy

13

what is mononeuropathy

single nerve damage

14

3 examples of mononeuropathy

1. carpal tunnel
2. meraligia paresthetica
3. femoral nerve - post heparin

15

what is guillain barre syndrome

acute inflammatory demylenating neuropathy

16

diff between myopathy and neuropathy in weakness

myo - proximal
neuro - distal

17

diff between myopathy and neuropathy in bulk

myo - decrease late
neuro - decrease

18

diff between myopathy and neuropathy in reflexes

myo - normal
neuro - loss

19

diff between myopathy and neuropathy in sense

myo - fine
neuro - loss

20

diff between myopathy and neuropathy in NCS

myo - fine
neuro - slowing

21

diff between myopathy and neuropathy in biopsy

myo - diffuse loss of fibers
neuro - group atrophy

22

Sx of pyramidal and extrapyramidal in invol. movement

pyramidal - absent
extra - present

23

Sx of pyramidal and extrapyramidal in tone

pyramidal - spastic
extra - rigid

24

Sx of pyramidal and extrapyramidal in weakness

pyramidal - present
extra - absent

25

Sx of pyramidal and extrapyramidal in reflexes

pyramidal - incr
extra - normal

26

Sx of pyramidal and extrapyramidal in babinski

pyramidal - present
extra - not

27

Sx of pyramidal and extrapyramidal in coordintion

pyramidal - proportional to weakness
extra - bradykinesia

Decks in Undeleted Class (589):