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Flashcards in Movements Deck (23):
1

Abduct thigh

gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, tensor fascias latae
piriformis, obturator internus, (gluteus maximus)

2

Abduct flexed thigh - lateral rotate thigh

all gluteus
piriformis, gemellus superior, obturator internus, gemellus inferior, obturator externus

3

Medial rotate thigh

gluteus medius, gluteus minimus
adductors: longus, brevis, magnus

4

Lateral rotate thigh

GLUTEUS MAXIMUS
lateral rotators of glut: quadratus femoris, piriformis, obturator internus, obturator externus, superior gemellus & inferior gemellus

5

Extend thigh

GLUTEUS MAXIMUS (stand from sitting)
Posterior thigh: semitendinosus, semimembranosus, biceps femoris
vertical fibres of adductor magnus (attach to femur)
piriformis

6

Extend leg at knee

Quadriceps femoris:
rectus femoris
vastus medialis
vastus intermedius
vastus lateralis

7

Keeps pelvis level during locomootion

gluteus medius
gluteus minimus
tensor fasciae latae

8

Steady femoral head in acetabulum

deep gluteus muscles:
piriformis, gemellus superior, obturator internus, gemellus inferior, obturator externus
quadratus femoris

9

Adduct thigh (hip) - bring together

adductor longus, brevis, adductor portion of adductor magnus
gracilis, pectineus, obturator externus
gluteus maximus, quadratus femoris

10

flex leg at knee

hamstrings: semimembranosus, semitendinosus, biceps femoris
sartorius, gastrocnemius, popliteus, gracilis

11

Flex thigh at hip

ILIOPSOAS
sartorius, rectus femoris, tensor fasciae latae - all originate from ASIS
pectineus, (gracilis)

12

medial rotate flexed leg - knee

semimembranosus, semitendinosus (medial posterior thigh)
popliteus (cross knee joint)

13

lateral rotate flexed knee

biceps femoris

14

Inversion of foot

TIBIALIS ANTERIOR
tibialis posterior

15

eversion of foot

lateral leg: fibularis longus & brevis
fibularis tertius

(all the fibularis)

16

dorsiflexion of foot (lift up)

anterior leg muscles
tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus, fibularis tertius

17

plantar flexion of foot

flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus, tibialis posterior (deep posterior leg muscles)
superficial posterior leg muscles: gastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris
lateral leg muscles: fibularis longus & brevis

18

toe flexion (point down)

Lumbricals & interossei (flex MP)
flexor digitorum brevis (flex at metaphalangeal & proximal interphalangeal joints)
flexor digitorum longus (flex distal interphalangeal as well as MP & PIP)

19

Toe extension

lumbricals & interossei - extend PIP & DIP
Extensor digitorum longus & brevis extends all 3 joints

longus extend all 3 & brevis MP & PIP?

20

Hallux flexion

flexor hallucis longus & brevis - flex metatarsophalangeal & interphanalgeal joints

21

Extension of hallux

Extensor hallucis longus & brevis - extend metatarsophalangeal & interphalangeal joints

22

Abduction of toes

away from the 2nd toe
4 Dorsal (top) interossei, abductor hallucis, abductor digiti minimi (both superficial sides of bottom of foot)

23

Adduction of toes

moves towards 2nd toe
3 plantar (bottom) interossei & adductor hallucis (in deep plantar surface, there is NO adductor digiti minimi)