MSK/SKIN/Connective Tissue Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in MSK/SKIN/Connective Tissue Deck (88):
1

fractured surgical neck of the humorous or anterior dislocation of the humorous causes what

axillary nerve problems

2

presentation of the axillary nerve tear

flat deltoid
loss of aBduction
loss of sensation over the deltoid

3

upper trunk compression causes what

MSK nerve problems

4

how do MSK nerve problems present

loss of flexion and supination of the forearm
loss of sensation over the lateral forearm

5

mid shaft fracture to the humerus causes what

radial nerve problems

6

how do radial nerve problems present

wrist drop
loss of elbow, fingers or wrist extension
decrease grip strength
loss of sensation to the posterior arm.forearm and dorsal hand

7

supracondylar fracture of the humerus causes what

median nerve problems

8

median nerve problems present how

ape hand
pope's blessing
loss of wrist flexion
loss of sensation of the thenar eminence

9

fracture of the medial epicondyle of the humerus causes what nerve problem s

ulnar

10

how does ulnar nerve problem present

ulnar claw
radial deviation of the wrist upon flexion

11

superficial laceration of the palm causes what nerve injury

recurrent branch of the median nerve

12

reccurant brand of the median nerve injury causes what

loss of thenar eminence muscle group
loss of sensation

13

C5-T1

RECURRENT BRANCH OF THE MEDIAN NERVE

14

C8-T1

ULNAR

15

C5-T1

MEDIAN/RADIAL

16

C5-C7

MSK NERVE

17

C5-C6

AXILLARY

18

traction of the upper trunk C5-C6 nerve roots presents as what

Erb;s Palsy

19

what causes Erbs in infants? adults?

lateral traction on the neck during delivery

trauma

20

Muscles not working in Erb's Palsy

Deltoid
Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus
Biceps Brachii

21

arm hanging bu the side
arm medially rotates
arm extended and pronated

Erbs

22

traction of the lower trunk C8-T1 nerve root problem

Klumpke

23

how do infant get Klumpke? adults?

sudden upward jerk on the hand during delivery

trauma, grabbing a tree branch while they are fallin

24

muscles affected in Klumpke

intrinsic hand muscles

25

flexed MCP and extended DIP and PIP, total claw hand

klumpke

26

why can Klumpke also present with corners syndrome

because T1 is close to the sympathetic trunk

27

compression of the lower trunk and subclavian vessels

thoracic outlet syndrome

28

causes of thoracic outlet syndrome

Pan coast tumor or cervical rib

29

muscle defect in thoracic outlet syndrome

intrinsic muscle of the hand

30

atrophy of intrinsic hand muscles, ischemia, pain and edema due to vascular compression is seen in what

thoracic outlet syndrome

31

lesion of the long thoracic nerve causes what

winged scapula

32

causes of winged scapula

- axillary node dissection

33

muscle deficit in winged scapula

serrates anterior

34

the radial nerve runs with what artery along the mid shaft of the humerus

deep brachial artery

35

clawing is seen its distal lesions of what nerves

median and ulnar

36

ape hand is associated with what

atrophy of the thenar eminence and is seen with median nerve lesions

37

dorsal interosseous does what

abduct the fingers

38

palmar interosseous does what

addict the fingers

39

pelvic surgery canc cause what nerve problem

obturator

40

presentation of obturator nerve problem

decreased thigh sensation in the middle and decreased aDduction

41

pelvic fracture can cause what nerve problem

femoral

42

presentaiotn of femoral nerve problem

decreased thigh flexion and leg extension

43

trauma to lateral aspect of the leg, fibular neck fracture can cause what nerve problem

common peroneal

44

presentation of common peroneal nerve fracture

foot drop
inverted and plantar flexed at rest
loss of sensation to the botton of the foot
Steppage gait

45

knee trauma, backer cyst or tarsal tunnel syndrome can cause what nerve problem

tibial

46

tibia nerve problem presentation

inability to curl toes and loss of sensation of the sole of the foot
everted foot at rest

47

L2-L4

obturator/femoral

48

L4-S2

common peroneal

49

L4-S3

tibial

50

L4-S1

superior gluteal

51

L5-S2

inferior gluteal

52

posterior hip dislocation can cause nerve problems in what

inferior gluteal nerve

53

presentation of inferior gluteal nerve injury

hard time rising from seated position and trouble climbing the stairs

54

what disc are affected if there is weakness of knee extension and decreased patellar reflecx

L3-L4

55

weakness of dorsiflexion and difficult heel walking is associated with what disc problem

L4-L5

56

weakness of plantar flexion and problems walking on the tippy toes is a disc problem where

L5-S1

57

artery that runs with long thoracic nerve

lateral thoracic artery

58

artery that runs with axillary nerve

posterior circumflex artery

59

artery that runs with radial never

deep brachial artery

60

artery that runs with median nerve

brachial artery

61

artery that runs with the tibial nerve

politeal / posterior tibial

62

RA+pneumoconiosis

Caplan Syndrome

63

RA+ neutropenia
+ splenomegaly

Felty Syndrome

64

three common causes of septic arthitits

S. Aureus
Strep
N. Gon.

65

pencil in cup deformity is seen in what disease

psoriatic arthritis

66

5 infections that can cause Reiters Syndrome

Shigella
Salmonella
Yerisina
Campylobacter
CHlamydia

67

what is a specific antibody for SLE that is direct against snRNPS

Anti-Smith AB

68

history of thrombosis and spontaneous abortion and anticardiolipin AB are associated with what

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

69

ani U1 RNP AB

mixed connective tissue disease

70

what test should you always do when someone has Lambert Eaton Disease

a chest x ray to rull out small cell lung cancer

71

most common cause of death in people with Scleroderma

sclerosis of the lungs

72

treat raynaud with?

calcium channel blockers ( prevents the vasospasm in the small vessels)

73

zona occludens is what and what does it do

tight junction, keeps things from moving between cells

74

what p[romtos electrical and chemical communication between cells

gap junctions

75

what is acantholysis

separation of epidermal cells seem in pemphigus vulgaris

76

hyper pigmentation associated with pregnancy or OCP useis called

Melasma

77

autoimmune destruction of melanocytes

vitaligo

78

decreased melanocytes

albino

79

stuck on lesions

seborrheic keratosis

80

sudden appearance of multiple seborrheic keratosis indicating that there is an underling malignancy ( gi or lymphoid) is what

Leser Trelat sign

81

hepatic angiosarcoma is associated with what

vinyl chloride and arsenic

82

cavernous lymphangioma of the neck associated with turners

cystic hygroma

83

antibodies around epidermal cells in a reticula net like pattern is associated with

pemphigus vulgaris

84

linear pattern at epidermal dermal junction on IM is seen in

Bullos Pemphigoid

85

deposits of IgA at the tips of the dermal papillae associated with celiac disease is seen in

dermatitis herpatiformis

86

treat dermatitis herpatiformies with what

dapsone

87

actinic keratosis shows a risk for what

squamous cell carcinoma

88

s-100 is a marker for what

melanoma