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Anatomy and Physiology > Muscles > Flashcards

Flashcards in Muscles Deck (42):
1

Depressor anguli oris

1d
Pulls corners of the mouth down

2

mentalis

5d
elevates and protrudes lower lip, shapes lips during speech

3

Platysma

8d
Draws lower lip downward and backwards

4

masseter

11d
elevates and protrudes mandible

5

Temporalis

12d
elevates and protrudes mandible

6

Sternocleidomastoid

1t
Flexation and rotation of the head

7

Pectoralis minor

3t
pulls scapula anteriorly

8

Trapezius

8t
Elevates, adbucts and depresses scapula

9

deltoid

10a
adducts and extends arm

10

latissimus dorsi

17a
abducts arm

11

pectoralis major

2t
adducts humerus

12

teres minor

8a
rotates arm laterally; extends and adducts arm

13

Subcapularis

6s
rotates arm medially

14

Supraspinatus

6a
abducting arm

15

Infraspinatus

7a
rotates arm laterally, adducts arm

16

Brachialis

14a
flexes forearm

17

Brachioradialis

19a
flexes forearm

18

Biceps brachii

11, 12 &13 a
flexes forearm, supinates

19

Rectus abdominis

6t
compresses and flexion of abdominal area

20

Transverse abdominis

7t
compresses and flexion of abdominal area

21

Internal oblique

9t
compresses and flexion of abdominal area

22

external oblique

7t
compresses and flexion of abdominal area

23

extensor digitorum

30a
extends phalanges

24

Palmaris longus

24a
weak flexors of the wrist

25

rectus femoris

20L
extends leg, elevates thigh

26

vastus medialis

23L
extends leg

27

vastus lateralis

21L
extends leg

28

vastus intermedialis

22L
extends leg

29

Semimembranosus (hamstring)

29L
flexes leg, and extends thigh

30

semitendinosus (hamstring)

30L
flexes leg and extends thigh

31

Biceps femoris (hamstring)

31 &32L
flexes leg and extends thigh

32

psoas major

25L
flexes and lateral rotation of thigh

33

Gluteus maximus

11L
extends and rotates thigh

34

gluteus meddddius

12L
abduction of thigh

35

adduction longus

26L
adducts and rotates thigh medially

36

adductiion magnus

28L
adducts and rotates the thigh medially

37

gracillis

27L
adducts the thigh

38

sartorius

24L
flexes leg, flexes thigh and rotates it laterally (crossing your legs)

39

Tensor Fasciae latae

18L
flexes and abducts thigh

40

Tibialis anterior

33L
dorsifexes and inverts foot

41

Gastrocnemis

37 &36L
plantar flexes foot

42

soleus

39L
plantar flexes foot