Muscles Grouped by Action Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Muscles Grouped by Action Deck (54)
1

Shoulder Flexion

*Deltoid (anterior)
Pec Major (upper fibers)
Biceps
*Coracobrachialis

2

Shoulder Extension

*Deltoid (post)
*Lats
Triceps (long head)
Teres Major
Pec Major (lower fibers)

3

Shoulder Horizontal Abduction

posterior deltoid

4

Shoulder Horizontal Adduction

Anterior deltoid
Pectoralis major (upper fibers)

5

Shoulder Abduction

*Deltoid
*Supraspinatus

6

Shoulder adduction

*Lats
Teres major
Infraspinatus
Teres minor
*Pectoralis major (all fibers)
Triceps- long head
coracobrachialis

7

Shoulder ER

posterior delt
*infraspinatus
*teres minor

8

Shoulder IR

anterior deltoid
*lats
teres major
subscapularis
*pectoralis major (all fibers)

9

Scapular elevation

*Trapezius (upper fibers)
Rhomboids
*Levator scapula

10

Scapular depression

Lower Trapezius
serratus anterior (with origin fixed)
Pectoralis minor

11

Scapular adduction/retraction

middle trapezius
*Rhomboids

12

Scapular abduction/protraction

*serratus anterior (with origin fixed)
pec minor

13

Scapular upward rotation

upper and lower trapezius
serratus anterior

14

Scapular downward rotation

rhomboids
levator scapula
pec minor

15

Elbow flexors

*biceps brachii
*brachialis
brachioradialis
flexor carpi radialus
flexor carpi ulnaris
palmaris

16

Elbow extension

*triceps (all heads)
anconeus

17

Forearm supination

*biceps brachii
*supinator
brachioradialis

18

Forearm pronation

*pronator teres
*pronator quadratus
brachioradialis

19

Wrist Flexion

*flexor carpi radialis
*flexor carpi ulnaris
palmaris longus
flexor digtorum superficialis
flexor digitorum profundus
flexor polliis longus

20

Wrist extension

*extensor carpi radialis longus
*extensor carpi radialis brevis
extensor carpi ulnaris
extensor digitorum
extensor indicis

21

Radial deviation

*extensor carpi radialis longus
*extensor carpi radialis brevis
extensor pollicis longus
extensor pollicus brevis
flexor carpi radialis
abductor pollicis longus

22

Ulnar deviation

*extensor carpi ulnaris
*flexor carpi ulnaris

23

Extension of fingers 2-5

Extensor digitorum
Lumbricals
Dorsal interossei (2-4)
Palmar interossei (2, 4, 5)
Extensor indicis

24

Flexion of fingers 2-5

Flexor digitorum superficialis
Flexor digitorum profundus
Flexor digiti minimi brevis (5th)
Lumbricals
Dorsal interossei (2-4)
Palmar interossei (2, 4, 5)

25

Thumb flexion

Flexor pollicis longus and brevis
Adductor pollicis
Palmar interossei (1st)

26

Thumb extension

Extensor pollicis longus and brevis
Abductor pollicis longus
Palmar interossei (1st)

27

Thumb opposition

opponens pollicis
Flexor pollicis brevis
Abductor pollicis brevis

28

Hip flexion

*iliopsoas
*TFL
Sartorius
Rectus femoris
Gluteus medius (anterior fibers)
Gluteus minimus
Adductor longus, bravis, magnus -assists
Pectineus -assists

29

Hip extension

*Gluteus maximus- all
*Hamstrings- all
Adductor magnus (posterior fibers)
Gluteus medius (posterior fibers)

30

Hip IR

*Gluteus medius (anterior fibers)
*Gluetus minimus
*TFL
Adductor magnus, longus & brevis
Pectineus
Gracilis
Semitendinosus -assists
Semimembranosus -assists

31

Hip ER

Gluteus maximus -all fibers
Piriformis
*Quadratus femoris
*Obturator internus
*Obturator externus
*Gemellus superior
*Gemellus inferior
Iliopsoas
Sartorius
Biceps femoris (long head) -assists

32

Hip abduction

Gluteus maximus (all fibers)
*Gluteus medius (all fibers)
*Gluteus minimus
TFL
Sartorius
Piriformis (when the hip is flexed)

33

Hip adduction

Adductor magnus
Adductor longus
Adductor brevis
Gracilis
Pectineus
Gluteus maximus (lower fibers)

34

Knee flexion

*hamstrings
gracilis
sartorius
gastrocnemius
popliteus
plantaris -weak

35

Knee extension

*quads femoris

36

Tibial IR

*semitendinosus
*semimembranosus
*popliteus
gracilis
sartorius

37

Tibial ER

biceps femoris

38

Ankle PF

*Gastrocnemius
*Soleus
Tibialis posterior
Peroneus longus and brevis -assists
Flexor digitorum longus -weak
Flexor hallucis longus -weak
Plantaris -weak

39

Ankle DF

*Tibialis anterior
*Extensor digitorum longus
Extensor hallucis longus

40

Inversion

*Tibialis anterior
*Tibialis posterior
Flexor digitorum longus
Flexor hallucis longus
Extensor hallucis longus

41

Eversion

Peroneus longus
Peroneus brevis
Extensory digitorum longus

42

Flexion of toes 2-5

flexor digitorum longus and brevis
lumbricals
quadratus plantae -assists
dorsal interossei
plantar interossei
abductor digiti minimi
flexor digiti minimi brevis

43

Extension of toes 2-5

extensor digitorum longus
extensor digitorum brevis
lumbricals

44

Vertebral flexion

rectus abdominals
external oblique (bilaterally)
internal oblique (bilaterally)
iliopsoas (with origin fixed)

45

Vertebral extension

longissimus (bilaterally)
iliocostalis (bilaterally)
multifidi (bilaterally)
rotatores (bilaterally)
semispinalis capitis
spinalis (bilaterally)
quadratus lumborum -assists
interspinalis
intertransversarii (bilaterally)
lats - assists when arm is fixed

46

spinal rotation

external oblique (to opposite side)
internal oblique (to same side)
multifidi (opposite)
rotatores (opposite)

47

vertebral lateral flexion

iliocostalis
external oblique
internal oblique
longissimus
quadratus lumborum
posts major -assists
intertransversarii
spinalis
lats -assists

48

inhalation
rib elevation/expansion

scalanes (bilaterally)
SCM -assists
external intercostals -assists
serratus posterior superior
pec major - all fibers may assist if arm is fixed)
pec minor - if scapula is fixed
serratus anterior - if scapula is fixed
subclavius

49

exhalation
rib depression/collapse

internal intercostals -assists
serratus posterior inferior

50

Cervical flexion

SCM (bilaterally)
anterior scalene (bilaterally)
longus capitis (bilaterally)
longus colli (bilaterally)

51

Cervical extension

trapezius (upper fibers) (bilaterally)
levator scapula (bilaterally)
splenius capitis and cervicis (bilaterally)
suboccipitals
semispinalis capitis
longissimus capitis and cervicis (assists)
multifidi (bilaterally)
rotatores (bilaterally)
intertransversarii (bilaterally)
interspinalis

52

Cervical rotation to SAME side

levator scap
splenus capitis and cervicis
rectus capitis posterior major
oblique captifs inferior
longus colli
longus capitis
longissimus capitis and cervicis (assists)
iliocostalis cervicis (assists)

53

Cervical rotation to OPPOSITE side

trapezius (upper fibers)
SCM
scalene
multifidi
rotatores

54

Cervical lateral flexion

trap (upper fibers)
levator scapula
SCM
scalenes (with ribs fixed)
splenius capitis and cervicis
longus capitis and colli
longissimus capitis and cervicis
iliocostalis cervicis
oblique captifs superior
intertransversarii