Flashcards in Muscles in the Anterior Compartment of the Leg Deck (24):
How many muscles are there in the anterior compartment of the leg?
What are the muscles in the anterior compartment of the leg?
Extensor digitorum longus
Extensor hallucis longus
What do the muscles of the anterior compartment of the leg collectively act to do?
Dorsiflex and invert the foot at the ankle joint
What muscles extend the toes?
The extensor digitorum longus and extensor hallucis longus
What are all the muscles in the anterior compartment of the leg innervated by?
The deep fibular nerve (L4-L5)
What is the arterial supply of all the muscles in the anterior compartment of the leg?
The anterior tibial artery
Where is the tibialis anterior muscle located?
Alongside the lateral surface of the tibia
How is the action of the tibialis anterior tested?
The patient can be asked to stand on their heels
What is the main action of the tibialis anterior?
Where does the extensor digitorum longus lie?
Lateral and deep to the tibialis anterior
Where can the tendons of the extensor digitorum longus be palpated?
On the dorsal surface of the foot
What is the main action of the extensor digitorum longus?
Extends lateral four digits
Where is the extensor hallicus longus located?
Deep to the EDL and TA
What is the main action of the extensor hallucis longus?
Extends great toe
Where does the fibularis tertius muscle arise from?
The most inferior part of the EDL
Is the fibularis testis present in all individuals?
What is the main action of the fibularis tertius?
Aids in eversion of foot
What is footdrop?
A clinical sign indicating paralysis of the muscles in the anterior compartment of the leg
When is footdrop most commonly seen?
When the common fibular nerve is damaged
What arises from the common fibular nerve?
The deep fibular nerve
What happens in footdrop?
The muscles in the anterior compartment are paralysed, and so the unopposed pull of the plantarflexor muscles (found in the posterior leg) produces pernament plantarflexion
What can footdrop interfere with?
Why can footdrop interfere with walking?
The affected limb can drag along the ground