Muscles of the Lower Limb - Gluteal Region Flashcards Preview

Musculoskeletal Anatomy Diagrams Hard Version > Muscles of the Lower Limb - Gluteal Region > Flashcards

Flashcards in Muscles of the Lower Limb - Gluteal Region Deck (48)
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1

Name muscle A

A - Obturator internus

2

Name nerves A to D

A - Nerve to quadratus femoris muscle

B - Superior gluteal nerve

C - Inferior gluteal nerve

D - Posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh

3

What are the origin and insertion sites for muscle A?

Origin - External surface of ilium (between inferior and anterior gluteal lines)

Insertion - Greater trochanter of femur (linear facet on anterolateral aspect)

A - Gluteus minimus

4

What is the innervation of muscle A?

Superior gluteal nerve

A - Tensor fasciae latae

5

What are the origin and insertion sites for muscle A?

Origin - Wall of true pelvis (anterolateral), deep surface of obturator membrane and surrounding bone

Insertion - Greater trochanter of femur (medial side)

A - Obturator internus

6

Name muscle A

A - Quadratus femoris

7

Name ligaments A and B

A - Sacrotuberous ligament

B - Sacrospinous ligament

8

Name muscle A

A - Piriformis

9

Name muscles A and B

A - Gluteus medius

B - Gluteus minimus

10

Name muscle A and structure B

A - Tensor fasciae latae

B - Iliotibial tract

11

Name muscle A

A - Gluteus medius

12

What are the origin and insertion sites for muscle A?

Origin - External surface of ilium (between anterior and posterior gluteal lines)

Insertion - Greater trochanter of femur (elongate facet on lateral surface)

A - Gluteus medius

13

What is the innervation of muscle A?

Nerve to quadratus femoris (L5, S1)

A - Inferior gemellus

14

What are the origin and insertion sites for muscle A?

Origin - Sacrum (anterior surface between anterior sacral foramina)

Insertion - Greater trochanter of femur (medial side of superior border)

A - Piriformis

15

Name muscles A to E

A - Piriformis

B - Superior gemellus

C - Inferior gemellus

D - Quadratus femoris

E - Obturator internus

16

What is the function of muscle A?

  • Extension of hip
  • Lateral rotation of thigh
  • Abduction thigh

A - Gluteus maximus

17

What is the innervation of muscle A?

Branches from S1 and S2

A - Piriformis

18

What is the innervation of muscle A?

Nerve to obturator internus (L5, S1)

A - Obturator internus

19

Name muscle A

A - Gluteus minimus

20

What is the innervation of muscle A?

Superior gluteal nerve

A -  Gluteus medius

21

Name muscle A, and its distal attachments B and C

A - Gluteus maximus

B - Attachment at iliotibial ract

C - Attachment (of deep fibres) at gluteal tuberosity (of femur)

22

Name muscles A and B

A - Piriformis

B - Obturator internus

23

Name ligament A

A - Sacrospinous ligament

24

Name ligament A

A - Sacrotuberous ligament

25

What is the innervation of muscle A?

Nerve to obturator internus (L5, S1)

A - Superior gemellus

26

What is the function of muscle A?

  • Abduction of hip joint
  • Medial rotation of thigh
  • Prevents pelvic drop (Trendelenburg's test)

A - Gluteus medius

27

What are the origin and insertion sites for muscle A?

Origin - Ischial tuberosity (upper region)

Insertion - Along length of obturator internus tendon, greater trochanter of femur (medial side)

A - Gemellus inferior

28

What is the function of muscle A?

  • Abduction of hip joint
  • Medial rotation of thigh
  • Prevents pelvic drop (Trendelenburg's test)

A - Gluteus minimus

 

 

29

What is the function of muscles A and B?

  • Lateral rotation of extended femur
  • Abduction at hip joint

A - Gemellus superior

B - Gemellus inferior

30

What is the innervation of muscle A?

Inferior gluteal nerve

A - Gluteus maximus